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Full text of "Tar heel sketch-book. A brief biographical sketch of the life and public acts of the members of the General assembly of North Carolina. Session of 1879"

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18 7 9. 

Cop, right secured 1879, and published by J. S. Tomlinsox, Hickory, N. C, 

T. R. DAY & BRO. 


A. Y 'S 

Our Mr. J. R. DAT was for many years a member of the firm of W. T. Black- 
well & Co., and with the advantage of his long experience in the naanufacture of 
Smoking Tohacco, and with a sufficiency of capital, we are enaliled to give the 
trade goods that are not equaled hy any manufnctured in Durham. They are 
.Standard in ev^ry particular. Manufactured of the l)est old b'tock. We' calJi 
special attention to our TRADE MARK. 


Can he found at all the large Groceries and Tohacco Houses in the United States. 

Street's National Hotel, 


S. R. STREET & SON, Owners and Prop'rs. 


S. R. STREET & SO^, I^roprietors. 

The undersigned having purchased the National Hotel property at Raleigh, od 
March loth, 1879, opened that well known House to the puidic under their man- 
agement. They refer to tlieir past management of the (iaston House as a guar- 
antee that tlie traveling pulilic will lind the National, in their hands, up to the 
standard of a tti-st -class' Hotel. Tlic senior, Mr. Samuel R. Street, will 'remain in 
charge of the Gaston House. The junior, Mr. \Vm. J. .Street, will conduct the 
National Hotel. 





Convenient to business centre. One Bquare from Capitol. New furniture, at- 
tentive servants. Board moderete. 










Session of 1879. 

^ . , v^ 



18 7 9. 

T6 r 



At i-^ o'clock, M., Wednesday, Jan, 8tb, 1879, the (ieneral 
Assembly of Xoitb Caroliua was called to order by the Princi- 
pal Clerks of the last session. The following officers were elected 
in the Senate : Secretary, R. M. Furraan: Engrossing Clerk, J. 
S. Tomlinson: Reading Clerk, Piatt. D. Cowan; Sergeant-at- 
Arms, H. T^. Murrill; Assistant Door-keeper, W. Y. Clifton. In 
the House of Representatives the following: Speaker, John M. 
Moring; Principal . Clerk J. I). Cameron; Engrossing Clerk, 
W. J. liirrett; Reading Clerk, il. \V. B.^st ; Door keeper, John 
Hill; Assistaat Door-keeper, X. P. Xorton. The General As- 
sembly continued in session, with-^nt intormissio;i, sixr.y-six days, 
and adjourned at 2 o'cIoca, F>i(hiy, Msirch 14th, 18T9. The 
Constitutional limit of sixty days expired on the 8th in»t., but 
that souit; very important business might be com}>)eted the mem- 
bers remaimd, without pay, six days longer. 

On the 21st of January Go\. Z. 11. Vance was elected United 
States SiMiator for the term beginning March 4th, and upon his 
resignation, Feb. 5t;h. Lieut. Governor, 'I'h')rni!s J. Jarvis. was 
called to fill the Executive Chair; and Avheieupon Jmnes L. 
Robinson, Eso., was dected Lieutenant Governor, find juesided 
over the Senate during the remainder o. the se^sioi^. 

The author wiohes to say tliat the following pjigrs have not 
been "fashioned to the taste of critics," for thev v. ere ]iie]-i;ired 
very hastily, while the aidrons dutif? of Engrossing Cl< rk of 
the Seniite were pressin.-; upon him, and in nlany cases it was 
impossible to get the necessary data in order to make the sketches 
complete. J, S. T. 

March 15th. 187'-'. 





Was born in Perquimans county, Nov. 6th. 1837, and has al- 
ways been a resident of that county. His parents were also na- 
tives of the same county and lived to advanced ages. His fath- 
er was a member of the Society of Friends, and was a zealous 
advocate of liberty, peace and temperance. The subject of this 
sketch is also a member of the same religious denomination. 
He was married Jan. 19th, 1854, to Miss Lydia Wilson, daugh- 
ter of William Wilson, Esq., a prominent citizen of Woodville, 
Perquimans county. He has seven children living, the eldest, 
a son, graduated at Haverfurd College, near Philadelphia, with 
the class of 1878. This is Mr. W's. first term in the Legislature. 
He received a very flattering vote in his county, having received 
630 majority over his opponent. This shows that he stands 
high in the estimation of his people, and that they had great 
confidence in his ability to legislate in their behalf. By occu- 
pation he is a plain farmer, and is a very hard working man. 
He is on the committees. Finance, Public Printing, Claims and 
Insane Asylum . — Republican . 



Was born in Bertie county, in that part which was formerly 


known as the Snake-bite District, on the 8th of Seiitember, 1828,. 
His father, James L. Mitchell, died, leaving him and a younger 
brother when yery small. He now owns a very fine farm in 
Hertford county, nearHt. John's, known as the " lioswell Cas- 
tle," and does an extensive business at farming. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Martha M. McGlohon in July,- 1852, and the fruits 
of this union were three children, the oldest of which died in 
1870, at the Murfieesboro Baptist Institute. Her name was 
Georgiana Mitchell. Martha L. Mitchell, is still living ; the 
youngest, a son. Dr. J. H. Mitchell, is also living. His wife 
die«d in December, 1863, and he was again married in December, 
1864, to Mrs. Nancy Vann, a sister of his first wife, by whom 
he had two children, Mary Emily and James Arthur Luke. His 
second wife died in November, 1873. ■ He then married Miss 
Nancy A., daughter of James Northcott, Esq., on the 22nd of 
December, 1874, by whom he has one child. Mr. M. was elected 
captain of a military company when only 18 years old, after 
which he was promoted to Lieut. Colonel of a Militia Regiment 
and soon afterwards to Colonel.. Did not go into the war — fur- 
nished a substitute. He carried the mail by contract for three 
years during the war, and furnished provisions for the Confed- 
erate army. Since the war he has served a number of years as 
Justice of the Peace, by appoinlment and by the popular vote of 
the people. Was a canJidate for a seat in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875, but defeated by Hon. J. J. Yeates. "Was 
elected to his present seat in the Senate by a large majority. He 
has always been a farmer, and has been keeping hotel in Win ton 
for several years past. Committees — Insurance, State Debt, 
Magistrates and Public Buildings. A very quiet and attentive 
member. — Republican. 





Born in Beaiiforfc county Jannary Oth 1837. Educated at 
Col. Lee's school in Asheville. Volunteered and entered the Con- 
federate service in April 1861 as a member of Company I. 3rd. 
Regiment North Carolina State Troops. In the fall of the same 
year he was transferred from this regiment to the Gist. During 
the campaign he was in the battle of Newberne, Kinston, Wag- 
nor, Sumter, Fort Moultrie, Drury's Bluff, Cold Harbor, the 
seige of Charleston, and a number of others. He was captured 
while in an engagement near Petersburg, Va, on the 4th of 
August 1864, and taken as a prisoner to the old Capitol, Wash- 
ington, D. C, and from these to Fort Delaw\are, Delaware, 
where he was retained in prison until after Lee's surrender in 18G5. 
Was wounded three times. Since the close of hostilities he has 
been engaged in tilling the soil. He has been twice married. 
Was first married to Miss Mattie., daughter of Joseph Laughing- 
house, Esr., (a prominent citizen of Pitt county,) on the 21st of 
March 1866. She died on the 12th of March 1868. His second 
wife was Miss Alice, daughter of AV. H. Laughinghouse, Esq., to 
whom he was weded on the 26th of May 1869. The second wife 
died the 18th of August 1F73. Soon after the war he was elec- 
ted Colonel of a militia regiment in his county but the Provis- 
ional Governor, W. W. H*olden, -iv-'ovented him from holding 
the office. Been magistrate tw< The present session is 

the first that he has ever been a meiv.iicr of. He holds a place 
on the following committees: Propositions and Grievances, In- 
ternal Improvcraci ■ Hoge and elections, and Joint Com- 
mittee to nominate l-Misgisrrates. He is a zealous member, ever to the good of his constituence and the State at large, 
and coming as he does from a section minus of railroads is free 
to express himself as being opposed to any appropriation by the 
State to incorporate companies — Democrat. 



Is a native of Martin county, one of the counties of 3nd dis- 
trict, and was born in the town of Hamilton on the Ji6th of 
April 1839. He received a liberal education having attended 
the State University, and otherwise prepared himself for the 
practice of the profession of law. When the war between the 
States broke out, his ardent and youthful patriotism quickly 
placed him in the ranks of his State's defenders. He served in 
the 31st North Carolina Regiment and was captured at the fall of 
Eoanoke Island. Even amid the clash of arms he was not insen- 
sible to cupid's charms, and was married June lltli 1862. 
He is of pleasant, agreeable manners and address, of cultiva- 
ted intellect, in the vigor of life, and a promising future before 
him. He serves on Committees: Judiciary, Corporations Milita- 
ry AfEairs, and is Chairman of Committee on Claims. A quiet 
and good member — Democrat, 




Born March 4th, 1828, in Hertford county. Married first to 
Elizabeth Beale, of Northampton county; the second time, to 
Sarah F., daughter of Rev. William Boono ; his third wife was 
Mary A., daughter of Lemuel H. Boyce, E^q. Has nine chil- 
dren living. His occupation is that of a lurmer and gunsmith. 
During the war he served as a Captain of a Militia Company. 
Been Magistrate four years and County Commis^ionGr two years. 
Elected to the State Senate for the sessions of 1872-'73 and 18- 
73-'74:, and re-elected to the present by about 500 majority. Mr. 
H. IS a quiet and peaceable citizen at home, he having never 


been sued, indicted or warranted on his own account in his life. 
This shows a record worthy of imitation. — Republican. 




Born September 16tb, 1830. Never went to school any in his 
life, but by hia own exertions has secured a very fair education. 
Married Miss Lavina Knight, of Halifax county, by whom he 
has had thirteen children, seven are now living and six dead. 
He has been a minister (Methodist) of the Gospel for a number 
of years. By trade he is a brick mason and plasterer. He was 
first elected to represent Halifax county in the Convention of 
1868, since which time he has been in politics nearly all the 
time, this session in the Senate being his seventh term in this 
honorable body. Committees: Propositions and Grievances and 
Corporations. — Republican {QpI.) 




Born Nov. 15th, 1849. Before and duriug the war he was 
owned by Lafayette Dancy, Esq., a prominent farmer of Edge- 
combe county. He has served as Commissioner of the town of 
Tarboro for two years, and .is Commissioner of Edgecombe 
county for two years. He is a very fine specimen of Lis race in 
appearat'.ce, and deports him-clf brromingly while in the Senate. 

His occiipufiou is l.liat of a l)l:icksmitli. Xot mo.r]i..d., lie waa 
elected to the present Senaleby about 3.000 nir.jority. — Repub- 
lican, {Col.) 




Born in Pitt connty :N'orth Carolina, Mx\\ 11th 18-i^, the 
youngest son of Alfred Move, Esq., who waa an honored mem- 
ber of the General Assembly from Pitt county, from 1829 to 1842. 
Eeceived an ordinary education from the free and neighborhood 
schools of his district. In 1860 went to the Oxford Classical 
and Mathematical School under the cliarge of J. H. Horner, 
Esq., and remained until the breal<ing out of the war. In Sep- 
tember 1861 he enlisted as a private in Company Gr. Sth Regi- 
ment North Carolina State Troops, was captured at Roanoke 
Island February 8th 1862 but was soon after paroled and ex- 
changed. He served as a private far twelve months, as Orderly 
Sergeant for about the same length of time and was then pro- 
moted to 2nd Lieutenant — in Avhioh capacity he served until the 
close of the war. On tho 31st of ^.fay 18C4 he was captured at 
Cold TTnrbor, Yir ■•■- -ried to Foiiit Lookout, Maryland, 
aiid ':'';> '^ for pbon^ okp^ ai-jr] ^oj trinsferred to Fort 

Delaware. '' ' -o, wher ' lie 17th day of 

Jure V"'" ' ' .- !- ,, ,r i::<) i:is and thirteen 

di'.v,-. ' ■ 1 to Mis« M-n-y T. ""^d wards, 

of Lcncir ■ ' ' ■ ■ ■ • ■ g. 

By prorc^^i-;- a laiiii lo.", 1:'..-' i'\-^'^\v \.i i,i...: iiuy 

effdrt on bi-^ p^rt sel > as the candidate of the Dem- 

ocr;''. ■ ' :\-c party of his county for Senator of his dis- 

tricl, bi: ' \featcdby nine votes. In 1876 he was again 

nominate ' ' ,ic for the House of Representatives and was 


elected b}- nearly two linndred majority. That lie Avas a faith- 
ful Roj>ro^eiiUit,ive and .-iciNed his people acceptably, was evinc- 
ed by his-beiiig nominated in 1878 for the Senate, and receiving 
the highest vote of any one in his county, with the exception of 
the candinale for Ooiiniy Trea^uier, who had no opposition. 
His . firm and decided stand for the rights of the people, 
for the working men of the country, has rendered him somewhat 
unpopular with isome of tiie pruit^ssioijal men, especially pro- 
fessional politicians, but by no means unpopular witli the people 
Avhose friend he has proven himself to be. He is a momber of 
that branch of tiie Christian Church styled tiie ''Disciples of 
Christ.'"' He is Chairman of the Joinc Committee on Public 
Buildings and Grounds and on the committees on Enrolled Bills? 
Education, and Fish and Fisheries. He is very cpiiet but faith- 
ful to his people, he watches their interest and tlicirisno llrmer 
member in the Senate — Ln-mocra'". 


AviLRO>r. wIL>o^r rorxTY, ^^. c. 

Borr. November 15th 1835 in Pitt county, AVas educated at 
the Franklin Institute, Frauklintou', North Carolina, and the 
University of yirgmia. Read Medicine undor Dr. B. F. Orccn, 
of Fra.nklinton, and Dr. C. J. O'Hagan of Greenville. Hs also 
took lessons in medicine whi^e at the University of Virginia. 
Graduated at the Medical College of Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1858, 
with first hpno-"^. The Principal of the Institution passed some 
yery decided compliments as to his proficiency upon the final 
examination, and especially as to his Lamiliarity with the science 
of anatomy. After graduating he located at Goldsboro for a 
short time and then moved to Straitonsbu rg, in Wilson county, 
where he remained until 18G3, since which date he has resided 


in the town of Wilson. Married Miss C. J. Bynum, daughter 
of Gideon Bynum, Esi|., of Pitt county. Her father was a prom- 
inent citizen of Pitt, and for many years a representative in the 
^tate Legislature. He attended a course of Lectures in Richmond 
in 1801-';;^ and received a diploma from the Institution in that 
city. Soon after this he entered the Confederate service as sur- 
geon and served both in the tield and in the hospital. In the 
latter part of 1863 he had a severe attack of the camp fe^er, and 
"never sufficiently recovered to enter the service again. Since the 
war he has been pract'.'i'ag liis profession and farming. He has 
been chairman of the Executive Committee of Democratic party 
in Wilson county ever since 1870 up to his nomination, and the 
■change of the politics in the county is greatly due his wise man- 
agement. He was elected to his present seat without opposi- 
tion. Committees: Insane Asylum, Banks and Currency, En- 
grossed Bills, and is Ciuiinnan of the select Committee to in- 
vestigate railroads. A very good member — Democrat. 



Capt. Harris was born in Franklin county, April 17th, 1831. 
He was educated at the common schools of the neighborhood. 
He was first married to Miss Sarah Wiggins, of Wake. She 
lived only a few years, and I y this marriage he has one child, a 
daughter. He was married the second time to Miss Mary A. 
Harris, of Franklin, and by this marriage has three children. 
At the cotiimoncement of the war he volunteered in the Frank- 
lin Rifles, the first company raised in the county, and upon the 
organization of the company was elected a Lieutenant. Capt. 
Harris! has been a magistrate since he was twenty-one years, of 
age, excepting the period of Gov. Holden's administrati<m. He 
was the Democratic otindidatefor the Legislature in 18G8, again 
in 1870, and for the Convention in 1871. He made active can- 


vasses and earnest telling speeches, bnt the negro majority in: 
his county was then so large that it could not be overcome.. 
His canvasses were not without result, however, for they helped 
to keep organized the Democratic party in his county, and the- 
party organization in that county is to-day equal with, if not. 
superior to that of any other county in the State. He was 
elected to his seat in the present Senate without opiDosition. He 
is a member of the following committees, viz. : Propositions and 
Grievances; Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum; Salaries and Fees, 
and Privileges and Elections.. He does not speak often, but 
when he does speak he talks with animation and earnestness. 
His speech in favor of the oppropriation to the Orphan Asylum 
was very effective, and to him is due the credit of jiassiug that 
measure through the Senate.. He introduced the resolution, 
and was very active in working up a sentiment in its favor. He 
is genial and pleasant as a companion. He is a warm, zealous 
friend, and an earnest advocate of the rights of the peojile^ 
Very few men in the Senate have as much personal popularity. 
Capt. Harris belonged to the old Jeffersonian school of Demo^- 
cracy, and is in religion a Missionaiy Baptist. — Democrat. 




Was born, on the Southern slope of Connecticut, in the his- 
toric town of Saybrook, on the 21st day of June, 1830. His an- 
cestor, the original John Bull, came over from England about 
the time of the plague in London, in 1684. During his infan- 
cy, and until he was twelve or fif'een years old, he was physi- 
cally weak, suffering nearly every disease that baby's flesh is air 
to, with several extra attacks of lung fever, (This was before 
*'Dr. Bull," who belongs to another branch of th'^ famly, had 
come upon the stage as the baby's benefactor.) About the age- 


indicated his attention was directed to building up his constitu- 
tiou by reasonable Cdiiformity to suitable habits, A careiul ad- 
herence to a judicious sy.-.tem has resulted in as perfect a condi- 
tion of bodily health, fur these many y<^ars. as often falls to the 
lot of nioitals. Few men enjoy life better ; few indeed suffer 
lees of its aches or puin.^. And the secret is an open one — a 
plenty of hard work, plenty of plahi wholesome food, suliicient 
sleep, regular time for sleep, food and labo'-, temperance, chas- 
tity and a good conscience. His idea of ti-mperauce is simple 
cold water, always and every wLere, nolliing else : and the a"oid- 
ance of tobacco, tlic use of which is not consistent with perfect 
health, in his childhood he enjoyed t!ie advantages of the pub- 
lic schools, later of the High ISchoois. At nineteen he com- 
menced teaciiiiig, and has tauglit more r less constantly till re- 
cently; sotnetimes m tlie winte)- only, souietinies tht' year round. 
Thns engiged, he pursued a cvnuso ot' theology under Kev. Da- 
vis Brainerd, of Lvnn, was licensed to pve:ich the Gospel by the 
Middlesex Association (Congregational) of Connecticut, and was 
ordained to the work of the ministry by a Council of the 
Churches. He has always been in the Sundav School; first 
when quite young as a pupil, afterward as a teacher, then for a 
dozen years as Superintendent. While ir# Co' necticut, before 
turning his attention to theology, he held several offices of hon- 
or, being Ciuiirman of the Board of Assessors, Chairman of the 
Board of Selectmen, and School Committee to examine the 
teachers, visit the schools, and report on their condition and 
progress. He moved to North Carolina in October, 1869, going 
to Beaufort in the employ, and holding the commission of the 
American Missionary Association of New York, as Superintend- 
ent of the Washhurne Seminary, then numbering two hundred 
and fifty pupils and employing five teachers, four of whom were 
Northern ladies, highly intelligent and of fine cultuie. After 
two years he removed to his present place of residence at Wood- 
bridge, on the Atlantic & North Carolina Eailroad, about half 
way between New Berne and Morehead City. Since his resi- 
dence there, in addition to cultivating his farm, he has endeav- 
ored to increase the privileges and improve the condition of 
those around him. For this end he has erected a large and con- 


venient building — under the anspice;^ of the Association before 
named — for school and chapel purposes, in which school is 
taught for eight months in the year, by well qualided teachers, 
(the present teacher being a graduate of William^" College, 
Mass.) and religious services. He ha-i also secured the establish- 
ment of a Post OlUce. He has twice l)?en elected magistrate, and 
is now an incumlient by the appointment of the L'^gislature. 
He was a member of the Board of t'omuiissioners for the term 
of two years. Mr. Bull is a Repubiiean, without being an ex- 
tremist or violent partisan. Since he came to North Carolina 
he has sought to identify himself with her interests, and to do 
so more and more from year to' year. He has been here long 
enough to become prtty well acquainted with the condition of 
things in this coramonwealth. Here are a'l his property in- 
terests, here is his farm, his family ami iii.s home, and he 
claims to be as truly an-l fnl'v a citizen of North Carolina 
as if he was to "the ma.aor Is )rn.'' Was married the 24:th 
of May, 185G, to Miry M:iti!d i Penfield, of Saybrook, Conn., 
who was a faithful uad atfeeiionate wife and mother, and 
who died after a year and two months, leaving one child, a 
daughter, then a year old, now enpaged in business in Hart- 
ford, Conn. }le was married the second time the 17th of 
March, 1859, to Jane Su-^an Pratt, of Weelbrook, Conn., by 
whom he has two sons, now nine-een and sixteen years old. 
— Republican. 




Born 16th November, 18-44, in Onslow county. Married IGth 
September, 1865, Miss Mary C. Wallace, of Onslow county. 
Has been twice elected a magistrate. Elected to the Legisla- 
ture 1872-'74. Re-elected in 1876, without opposition cither 


time. Entered the Confederate service 1863, as private in com- 
pany H., 3d N. C. Cavalry — elected a Sergeant — and promoted 
to a Lieutenancy in 35tli Regiment, but was prevented from 
joining this command in consequence of being captured near 
Greenville, IST. C. Was confined in prison till the close of the 
war, at Plymouth, Newbern, Fortress Monroe, Norfolk and 
Point Lookout. Was elected to his present seat in the Senate 
"by a majority of 76^ votes. He is Chairman of Committee on 
Engrossed Bills, on Banks and Currency, and Fish and Fish- 
eries. He is a verv intelligent and useful member. — Democrat. 



Born in Nash county, August 23rd, 1824. Educated at Bing- 
ham school. At the age of 17 commenced the study of law 
with the late Hon. B. F. Moore. Obtained county court license 
at 19 years of age ; Superior Court license at 30. Elected 
County Attorney of Nash at 20 years of age, and re-elected. 
Moved to Goldsboro in 1849. Elected County Attorney of 
Wayne. Elected to the Legislature from Wayne 18.52, and con- 
tinuously (except one session) until 1861. Elected Speaker of 
the House in 1860. Elected to the Confederate Senate in 1861, 
and served in that body during tbe war. Has held no office- 
since the close of the war until tli6 present session of the Legis- 
lature. Has devoted his attention since the close of the war to 
farming and the practice of law, doing probably the largest and 
most lucrative practice in the State. Tendered the office of 
Judge of the Superior Court by Governor Ellis in 1859, and 
declined. He is Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, and as 
euch had many arduous duties to perform during the present 
session. He has occupied but very little time on the floor of 
the Senate in the way of speech-making, but when he does 


speak he always receives tlie attention of all within the range of 
his voice, for his arguments are always pointed| and conclusive 
and the force of which are always shown when the vote is taken. 
He is a man of fine personal appearance, excellent education 
and of superior legal ability. These combined with his other 
good qualHies of head and heart have won for him the esteem 
of all the members, and has given him quite an enviable influ- 
ence in the Senate Chamber, — Democrat. 



Born in .Sampson county in the year 1821. AYas educated in 
the old-fiield schools until 17 years old, at which age he entered 
the Grove Academy, preparatory for college. Subsequent to 
this he entered Chapel Hill but remained there only three 
months on account of failing health. In 1813 he studied med- 
icine under Drs. Strong and Hall in Clinton. After this he 
was instructed in the Medical University* at Philadelpbia. Dur- 
ing the winters of 184J:--45 he took the regular course of lec- 
tures. Married Miss Mary Oliver, of Duplin county, in .June, 
1845, In 1847 he returned to his native place near Taylor's 
Bridge, on the Six- Rims river, where the sand plains were 
fringed with the blooming jessemine vines as in the days of his 
boyhood. But farm life losing its charms he sold out in 1850 
and moved to Kenansville, the county town of Duplin, where 
he was engaged in merchandising for two years. But finding 
that he did not have a genial spirit for a speculative life, he be- 
came thoroughly convinced that for hapiness and jirosperity he 
would again have to enroll himself among the 'Miorny handed 
sons of toil, " So it was not long until he was again comfortably 
located on another farm, and has been a hard laboring man 
ever since. He has raised five sons and three daughters. His 
oldest son, W. R, Bryan, served two years during the war, but 
the subject of this sketch fought no battles except for bread and 


meat, and shed no blood except the blood of beasts. He was 
married the second time to Miss Kate Oliver in 1870. — Democrat. 




Born September 2dt\\, 1843, Attended common schools. Is a 
farmer; he also manufactures lumber. Married 11th Septem- 
ber, 1878, to Miss Elenora H. Xewman, of Washington county. 
During the war he was Corporal of Company "^B," 10th Regi- 
ment, N. C. State Troops, and served from the 18th of June, 
1861, to the 25th of April, loGo. In 1870 and '71 he was Dep- 
uty Sheriii of Greene county. In 187-4 and '75 he was a County 
Commissioner, and elected to the lions 3 of Representatives for 
the term of 187G-'77, and elected to his present seat in the Sen- 
ate by a majority of 2l9 votes. — Republican. 




Born in Sampson county, N. C, Jan. 22d, 1827. Was edu- 
cated at Donaldson Academy, at Fayctteville, and at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. Studied law under Chief Justice 
Pearsoii, and obtained a license to practice law. Practiced law 
two years. Edited the North GaroUnian, a Democratic newspa- 
per published at Fayctteville, three years. Retired upon a farm 
on the sea coast of New Hanover, (now Pender county) where he 
has lived ever since. In 1858 was a member of the House of 


Commons fiTom Xew'Hanover . In 1878 was elected Senator from 
the Senatorial District composed of j\'ew Hanover and Pender. 
-Married Feb. 10th, 1851. to Miss Susan Lofton, of Xew Ilano- 

Ter, by whom he has five children. He is a very efficient and 

woitliv member. — Democrat. 




Born ia Bladen county, !May 15th, 182G. Moved to Bruns- 
wick county at two years of age. Married Sept. 1st, 185^-, 
J\Iis3 Charlotte jMcKeithcn, of Brnnsvvick, by whom he has had 
five cliildien. Was appointed Clerk of the Court of that county 
in 1853, and elected to the same ofiice by the "Whig party in 
1S54. Eead law under Col. George Wortham, of Granville 
county, and began the practice of the profes.^ion in 1857. lla-s 
been a practical surveyor since 185T. In the ye^r 1858 he emi- 
grated to Greenville, Ala. Practiced Uw in that p'ace until tho 
beginning of the wur. Joined ihe Confederate aimy Jan. lOtb, 
1801, becoming a memlier of an independent c<mpinv, {Green- 
ville (Ala.) Guards. Was with the command wl:en the Pensa- 
oola Navy Yard wi,s seized, driving the Feibra f. rccs into 
Fort Pickens. Thence ordered lo Richmond, Vp. Ai i iv d at 
YorktownJune loth, l-iiil. Acted as •■ind Scrgea t, ;!nd \vi:s 
seriously wounded in a charge at Gaine's Mills, in Gen. Lmc- 
street's old Division, 8th Alabama Re.nment. Remained in se;- 
vice until the close of the war. After the clo^e of t'li- win- he 
.again located in Eranswick couul;y and continued tlic pn;ctice 
■•of his profession until the ye;:r 1870. AVas elected Register of 
Deeds in 18 7('. Elected to the present Senate by a majority of 
•;395. He is ^very quiet but one oil the most attentive and earn- 
»est members in the Senate. — Republican. 






Born in Sampson county, Doc. 6th, 1823. Received only a 
common school education. Acted as magistrate for twenty years 
before and during the war, and was elected once since the war. 
Married in 1867 to Mrs. Martlia Jackson, and has two children 
living. By occupation he is a farmer. In politics previous to 
the war he was a Democrat, but when the secession question 
came up he took a stand for the Union, and was during the 
whole war a peace man. Since 1865, though not a strict party 
man, he has generally voted and affiliated with the Republican 
party. Was elected to his present seat by eighty majority, while 
the Democratic majority in that District has previously been 
from four to five hundred. He serves on Committees: En- 
gTossed Bills, Insane Asylum, Banks and Currency, and Special 
Committee to investigate Lieut. Gov. Robinson. — Republican. 




Born and raised in Robeson county. Educated at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, and graduated with the class of 1859. 
He served two years in the Rebel Army. AVas a member of 
company G., 24:th Regiment, N. C. State Troops. He has 
served for four years as magistrate in his county. He was 
elected by a very large and complimentary vote, he receiving a 
majority of 3,100 votes. He is on Committees: Privileges and 
Elections, Education, Corporations, and Public Buildings and 
Grounds. He does not speak in the Senate very often, but when. 


lie does, he always receives the attention of those who hear him. 
Eobeson county has a faithful Senator. — Democrat. 




Born May 20th, 1830, in tliut jiart of Cumherland county 
which is now Harnett. Never received the advantages of col- 
lege education. His ancestry came from Scothmd. Was mar- 
ried March 13th, 1850, to Miss Hannah E. Armstrong, of Cum- 
berland county, bywdiom he has had four children, one son and 
three daughters. He was a magistrate before and during tlie 
war. Was a w^arm supporter of tlie Southern cause. Been 
postmaster ever since 1841, with sliort intervals. He has al- 
ways been an ardent supporter of the Democratic party and 
scorns the very idea of sacrificing principle for money or 
position. This was fully ilhistrated in his case in the yearl8G8. 
He was elected that year to tlie House of Representatives, but 
•on account of holding the position as post master during the 
ivar under the Confederate government, he was debarred taking 
his seat, and the Republicans having a majority in the General 
Assembly prevented liis disabilities being removed ; they, how- 
ever, proposed to him that if he would vote with tliem on cer- 
tain measures that they would see that he was permitted to take 
his seat. He replied : " I am worth Init little, but the Avhole 
Radical party cannot buy me. If these are your only terms you 
may declare my seat vacant." He was again elected to the 
House in 1870 by an increased vote and was this time permitted 
to represent his county. Was elected to the present Senate by 
■over 500 majority. He serves on tlie Committee of Engrossed 
Bills, and several other important committees. — Democrat. 

( 22 ) 

8p:venteenth district. 



Born April 3rcl, 1831, in Brnnswick. A son of Maurice Ql 
"Waddell, Esq., of Cliatlium. Graduated at Clia}K'l Hill, clast 
of "52. Read law with Chief Justice Pearson, and obtained 
license in 1854:. Married, February 2-ltli, 1850, Miss 0. Wright^ 
of Goldsboro, by whom he has one child living. Elected Clerk 
and Master in Equity in 18G2. Served until 18G5, when he was 
elected County Solicitor. Nominee of the Democrats for the 
Convention of 18G8. Elected in 1870 to the Senate. Re-elec6 
in 187-4. Ee-elected to the Senate of 1876-77; and reelected 
to his present seat without opposition. He is a clear-minded., 
patriotic and generous hearted gentleman, and makes a very 
eflEicient memljcr. — Democrat. 




Born July 27th, 1846. Was educated at J. M. Lovejoy'y 
Academy in Raleigh and the Hillsboro Military Institute at 
Hillsboro. During the war he served in the army of Northern 
Virginia as Lieutenant in Company H, 33d N. C. Regiment of 
N. C. State Trooi)s. He commanded the right wing of a batery 
in the battle near Petersburg, Va., on the 2nd of April, 1865, 
and was captured and remained in Johnson's Island Prison until 
the close of the war. Studied hiAV after the war and received 
Ills license to practice at the January term of the Supreme Court. 
in 18G9. Married Miss B. McC. Boylan July 18th, 1871.. In 
1876 the Democrats of Wake, recognizing Lis ability and popu- 


larity, nominated liim by acclamation for the Senate ; lie made 
a vigorous campaign, but with a Ecpublican majority of 600 
against liim the task seemed hopeless. However, he Avas defeated 
by only 35 votes. In 1878 the Democratic party, knowing that 
he had developed considerable strength, again tendered him the 
nomination for the Senate. After another close campaign he 
come out victorious, defeating his formidable opponent, M. A. 
Bledsoe, Esq., an independent, by 45 votes. He serves on the 
Judiciary Committee, is Chairman on Salnries and Fees, and 
was Chairman of the Special Committee to Investigate the 
Western North Carolina Railroad and the Western Insane Asy- 
lum. As Chairman of the latter Committee he submitted (piite 
an elaborate report concerning the woikings and progress of the 
Road and Asylum. He is a young man of enviable talents, 
speaks well, and has taken a prominent part in nearly all the 
leading issues that have been before the Senate. — Democrat. 




Was born September 15th, 1830. Married December 26th, 
1854 to Miss Fannie Alston. Belongs to the Baptist Church. 
Studied for the ministry and received license to preach in the 
year 1868, and was ordained as a minister in 1871. Has a farm, 
from which he has realized a good living for a number of years. 
He has been more industrious and consequently more successful 
than a great many of his race. But in accumulating wealth he 
did not forget to contribute to the cause of religion. In his 
community there is a very neat church which was built almost 
entirely by his funds. He is a leading member of the colored 
Baptist church in his section. For seven years hcAvas president 
of Shiloh Association and is now Moderator of the Ministerial 
Board of that Association. He was elected to his present seat 
in the Senate by about 2,000 majority. — Republican. 





Born in Orange county (now Alamanco) in February, 1809. 
Graduated at the State University, at Chapel Hill, with the 
class of 1832. He was married in the year 1837 to Miss Mary 0. 
Yancey, daughter of Hon. Bartlett, of Caswell county. He 
moved to Caswell county from Alamance in the fall of 18G5. Mr. 
Mebane has been in political life a great deal. His first term in 
the State Legislature was as a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives from Orange county in the year 1842. For several 
years he continued to represent that county in the General As- 
sembly until 1850. During this time the subject of building 
the North Carolina Railroad came up, and he was an ardent sup- 
porter of that great State enterprise, which has done so much 
towards developing the internal resources of the State. At that 
time there were five members from Orange county, and Mr. Meb- 
ane was the only one who voted for the apjiropriation; and when 
the time came he showed his interest m tlie road by taking a 
contract and building six miles of it through Orange county. 
He was director of this road for 18 years. In 1858 he was again 
a member of the House,, and in 18C1 was in the Secession Con- 
vention. He was in the. Senate, and Speaker of that honorable 
body, from 1861 to 18S5, during which time he was the Repre- 
sentative from Alamance and Randolph counties. AYas a mem- 
ber of the "Andrew Johnson Convention" in 1865. He served 
many years as Chairman of the County Courts, (succeeded Judge 
Ruffin) and in many other ways very prominently served the 
people of his county. He now serves on the Committee of State 
Debt, and several others, and took a very decided part devising 
and maturing ])Lir,s to compromise and settle the State Debt, 
the bill with that end in view which passed the present General 
Assem]:)ly having received liis ardent support. He is the oldest 
members of the Assembly, but still retains a large proportion of 
the energy and vitality of mind of his more youthful days. — 

( 25 ■) 


AYiis born in the county of Caswell Dec. 8th, 1824. Still lives 
•where born. His pedigree extends back some years — in fact so 
"far that but a few know or care anything about it. His parents 
were in good circumstances in their later years. Were ''poor 
though honest" in early life. Thev would have given young 
George a good education, but he had heard of "wars and rumors 
of wars," and longed to follow to the field some "war-like lord." 
So, as he was a wild young buck and harsh and cruel teachers 
wished to dress him off, :lie demurred and turned the tables and 
the cruel teacher got the licking. Consequently George went 
home feeling badly. His father told George to take his little 
hatchet and march off tolhe new ground, Avith instructions not 
to cut down any cJi err 2/ trees, and, as he was impressed by read- 
ing that George Washington would not lie ahmit cherry trees, he. 
following after his great pxemplar,did he — (under the shade of the 
beautiful trees.) That did not please his stern father, so he 
whaled George. Thereupon the young man weakened. Soon 
thereafter the Mexican war came off, and George, being tired of 
his father's stern realities, visited the foreign land of Mexico in 
chief command of Company F., 1st Eeg't X. C. Volunteers, 
raised in his native county. He returned unwounded. Was 
married on the Ith day of March, 1853, in Newton count}-, Ga., 
with (or to) Miss Marion W. Hill, who still lives to 
bless his old age as she adorned and rendered happy his younger 
years. George, soon after marriage, moved to Danville, Ya., 
and merchandised, and by strict attention to business was rapid- 
ly accumulating a handsome loss. So he quit: removed to the 
old stamping ground and wtnt to farming. Then "rumors of 
wars" came. He buokled on his old clan more, (is this spelt 
right ?) was appointed Major of the Eighth North 
•Carolina State Troo2:)s, afterwards Lieut. Colonel 

( 20 > 

of the same, and achieved no distinction except having had the 
honor of putting the present Chief Executive of the State 
through the double-quick. To the education there received no 
doubt Governor Jarvis is mainly indebted for the position he 
now so ably occupies. He returned from the wars unwoundedj, 
having been very lucky in avoiding all serious engagements 
where bullets flow about loose. In 1874 he was elected Senator 
from the 20th District. The people approved his course and re- 
elected him to the same position to the present session, where 
he is now^doing his level best to spend his per diem, and with 
every jirospect of success. This notice of this distinguished Sen- 
ator may seem like flattery, but we are sure he knows nothing of 
how we obtained our facts, and no one will for a moment do him 
the injustice to suppose he "writ it." — Democrat. 




Was born in Granville c )unty, April 27th, 1824. Was edu- 
cated at common schools of the county. Married Miss Marga- 
ret J,, daughter of H;iri-isou Parker, Esu., of Orange county. 
May 18th, 1849, by whom he has four children living. During 
the war he served as Captain of Co ui.any A, 44th Eegiment, 
In. C. State Troops. He was by the side of the lamented Col. 
Singietary when he fell at the battle of Jackson's Mills, Martin 
county, N. C. By occupation he is a farmer, and is one of the 
finest tobacco groAvers in the State. As an evidence of his skill 
in raising tobacco, we will mention that in 1875 some of his to- 
bacco was sent to the Royal Chemist of Eugland, at London, for 
analysis, and this great chemical expert pronounced it the line.-^i 
tobacco ever sent him from any part of the world. T\vo i)roiu- 


inent features of this tobacco as shown by the chemist's state- 
ment were its excellent flavor and the small quantity of nicotine^ 
It contained only three per cent nicotine whi^e the average 
amount in tobacso grown by others contained from 12 to 14- 
per cent. The present is the lirst session he has been to the 
Legishiture, but has four brothers avIio have represented the 
county of Granville from time to time in the different branches 
of the General Assembly. Committees: State Debt, Corpora- 
tions, Agriculture, Retrenchment and Reform, Claims. A true 
and faithful member. — Democrat. 




Born July 18th, 1832. Was jDrepared for college under the 
late W. J. Bingham at Oaks, Orange county, N. C. He grad- 
uated at the University of North Carolina with high distinction 
in 1856. Was editor of the University Magazine during his 
senior year. After leaving College he entered the school room 
:ind taught very successfully until the beginning of the war. 
He was then at the head of a flourishing high school at Olin, 
Iredell county. The derangement of nearly every line of busi- 
ness caused by the hostilities between the States necessitated the 
suspension of the school. He then returned to Chatham, his 
native county. He was appointed Clerk and Master in Equity 
for Chatham, although that position was usuall}^ given to law- 
yers and was eagerly sought by several excellent members of the 
bar. This position he continued to flll with entire acceptability 
to the court and bar until the office was abolished. Since the 
Avar he was in charge of a scliool of high grade at Cary, Wake 
count)^, and then later, was in charge of the Academy at Pitts- 
])oro. He was married in 180 1 to Miss Purvi^s, of Iredell 
county, a lady of great intellect and wcr„Ii, by whom he has 


six interesting children, and is now living quietly on his farm 
near Pittshoro in his native county. He holds his present posi- 
tion as Senator by a most flattering vote. Was nominated un- 
expectedly and against his wishes, and in a county where the 
parties are nearly equally divided he received over 700 votes 
more than both his competitors. Was one of the presiding 
justices of the Inferior Court when he received the nomination 
for the Senate. Was elected one of the Trustees of the State 
University during the present session of the General Assembly. 
By profession he is a Methodist and takes great interest in the 
Sunday School work. He now has charge of a Sunday School., 
and has made, at diiferent times, addresses on the subject which 
have been highly complimented. Diffident and distrustful of 
himself he seldom appears before the public, but this much may 
he said in his praise, he is most loved and esteemed by those 
who know him best. He is Chairman of Joint Committee on 
the Library and serves on Committee on Education, Enrolled 
Bills, and Eoads and Highways. He is a conscientious and 
faithful member — ever watching and guarding the interest of 
those he has the honor to represent. — Democrat. 




Was born April 7th, 1824. He received no collegiate C(nirse — 
was taught at the common schools of the county. On the 'Jth 
day of March, 181)1, he married Miss M. L. Lash, daughter of 
Wni. A. Lash, Esq., a prominent citizen of Stokes county. 
Before tlie ■war he Avas magistrate for a number of years and 
served for some time as a member of the old county courts of 
Kockingham. In the year of 18G3 when our Southern territory 
was threated to be overrun by tlie powers of the North he made 
up a company of thirty men and tendered service to the Con- 


federate army but was not received on account of the size of the 
company. After this he aided materially in the collection of 
conscripts for the service. He had charge of the delivering- of 
all darkies required from Eockmgham to Wilmington and other 
places — they being taken to those places to work on the fortifi- 
cations. Since the war he has been engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, merohandising and manufacturing tobacco. He now 
carries on an extensive manufacturing and mercantile business 
at Leakesville. He is brother to Judge J. H.. Dillard. — Dem- 




Born ]S[oveniber 5th, 1814, in Guilford county.. He served 
in the Legislature many years ago, and has had considerable 
experience in public life. He is a great talker and has taken a 
prominent part in speech-making on nearly every bill that has 
been presented during the present session. — Democrat. 


«KEE]SrSBORO, N. 0. 

Born in Eockingham, June 1, 1832. Graduated at Chapel 
Hill, class '53, Eead law witli Chief Justice Pearson, and set- 
tled at Graham, ilarried Miss Effie H. Henderson, daughter 
of Col. A. Henderson and grand-daughter of Chief Justice 
Henderson; has seven children. Eepresented Alamance in the 
House in l857-'58. Moved to> Mississippi in February, 1861; 
enlisted in Confederate States army from fcliat State and was 


elected Captain ; organized as part of 30th Mississippi, of wliicli 
lie was elected Lieutenant-Colonel, and subsequently promoted 
to Colonel. Wounded and captured at Chicamauga : impris- 
oned on Johnson's Island, in wretched health until June 25th, 
18f35. After the war resumed practice of law at Greensboro in 
copartnership with his brother. Gen. Alfred M. Scales. Col. 
Scales comes of patriotic stock. Of his family six brothers and 
three brothers in-law entered the army, and three of the former 
and one of the latter perished, by wounds on the battle field, 
or exposure in camp. Senator Scales is among the most intel- 
ligent and highly esteemed gentlemen in the Legislature. He 
has been in public life a great deal and has always proved him- 
self true to the trust imposed in him. He was made a magis- 
trate when only about 21 years old. Was meml)er of the Sen- 
ate of 1876-77, and elected to the present Senate in 1878, he 
leadiug the ticket in his district. Coinmittees : Judiciary, 
Chairman Eetrenchment and Eeform, Ridings of Judges, and 
Tvas Chairman of Education, but resigned. — Democrat. 




Was born June 1st, 1829, in Moore county. Received his 
education at Carthage Institute. Married Miss Margaret A. 
Seawell on the 13th day of April, 1869. He entered the army 
as a Lieutenant in Company C, 35th Regiment of jST. 0. S. T. 
After the battle at New Berne he was made Captain of Compa- 
ny C, 49th Regiment, under Col. Ramseur. Since the war he 
has been engaged in farming the greater part of his time. He 
was elected to the House of Representatives for the session of 
1864-'65, and re-elected to the session of 1866-67. In 1875 he 
was a member to the Constitutional Convention. Was elected 


to his present seat in tlie Senate by a majority of 250 votes. He 
serves on several committees, and is a very quiet but attentive 
member. — Eepublican. 




Born in Montgomery county, April 1st, 1830, School advan- 
tages limited. In his early boyliood he served an apprentice- 
ship as house carpenter. JMoved to ^Mississippi in the year 1857. 
Volunteered and joined the Confederate service as a private 
member in company (;.. '"(Jrenada Ritles," of Grenada, Miss. 
His C'mpauy joined the 15th Miss. Regiment at Corinth, irom 
thence was ordeied to Knox^ ille, East Tenn. At this place he 
joined General Zollicoffer's Brigade. '\\'as in the memorable 
Cumberland Gap Campaign. Was with General ZollicofPer 
when he fell at Mill Springs, Ky. After this battle he returned 
to Corinth. After the battle of Shiloli was transferred to Gen- 
eral Breckenridge's Division. Was at the first bombardment of 
Vicksburg. Was discharged from service on account of hemor- 
rhage of the lungs. He returned then to Montgomery county, 
the place of his nativity; but as soon as his health would per- 
mit he again joined the service in North Carolina, and contin- 
ued with the army until the surrendor in 1865. He married 
Mary Jane Andrews, by whom he has six children. He was a 
candidate for the Legislature in 18G5, but was defeated by a 
small majority. Was nominated by his party as a delegate 
to the Constitutional Convention of 1868 and elected by 235 
majority. Was eleected to the Legislature of 1869-'70 by 400 
majority, and elected to the present Senate by 317 majority. 
He serves on the committees on Finance and Library. He has 
served in his county as Justice of the Peace ^or 10 years. 


Governor HolcTen appointed him in 1869 as one of the Trus- 
tees of the State University, and at the same time was ap- 
pointed as the State's proxy for the Western Railroad. Since- 
then he has been a Director on said road. — Eepublican. 




Born in Anson county (now Union) May 8th, 1818. Re- 
ceived a limited education at the common schools in the 
county. Was raised a farm boy and has been engaged in 
farming all his life. But a great deal of his time has been 
spent in trading and looking after his manufacturing interest. 
He, like the majority of the young men, was very fond of 
the young ladies during his boyhood and the early days of his 
manhood, and as an evidence of such association he "took to 
himself a wife" when only twenty years of age. On the 15th 
day of Apri], 1838, he selected from the large array of beau- 
tiful young ladies of Anson county, Miss Hester Curlee, with 
whom he lived ten years. On the 19th day of March, 1848 the 
cruel hand of death separated them. Knowing the consola- 
tion of having a good lady to "divide his sorrows and share 
his joys," he again married on the 4th day of June, 1848. 
His choice this time was Miss Martha B. Clrifiin, with whom 
he is still happily living. In public life he has had a good 
share of experience. For 12 years he served the good citizens 
of Union as Sheriff, and this is his third term to the State Leg- 
islature. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 
18G4 and re-elected to the House in 1876, and was elected to his 
present seat in the Senate by over 2,000 majority. He serves on 
the following committees: Military Affairs, Salaries and Fees, 
and Deaf Dumb and Blind Institute. He is a jovial old gentle- 
man, always says what he thinks, and generally thinks right. 

( 33 ) 

He sjieaks often in tlio Senate, and geldom misses the mark. 




Born in Rowan county, June 15th, 1825. All the edncutiors 
he received was by his own efforts and princii)all3' at ]iome. 
Married Miss Marinda Hall, of Montgomery county, August 184^(%. 
She died in November 18G2. Was married the second time, June 
1st, 18G5, to Mrs. Mary Ann Fesperman, of Stanly county. 
Has eight children — six girls and two boys. Before the war he 
was Captain of a Militia Compan}' — during the war he served Ibi 
the Home Guard under command of Maj. Hahn, and was sta- 
tioned below Wilmington. By occupation he is a farmer. lit 
18(35 he was elected Superior Court Clerk of Stanly county, 
which position he has held ever since, and was elected everj 
term by an increased majority. Was elected to his present seat 
in the Senate by a very complimentary vote. He is a very quiet 
but conscientious and careful representative. Committees: In- 
sane Asylum, Engrossed Bills, and Insurance. — Democrat. 




AVas born at Rosedale, in Mecklenburg county, nine milefe 
from Charlotte, Dec. 8th, 184U. He graduated at the Univer- 

{U ) 

iKttyiof North (Jaroliua with the class of June 1860. He entered 
«ihe Confederate service as a private in Company B., 1st Regi- 
aiient X. C. State Troops, on the 15th of April, 1861. His Com- 
pany was the well and favorably known ''Hornet's Nest Rifle- 
iaien. He served with the :<J8cli Regiment from September, 1861^ 
to April, 1862." He was then elected 1st Lieutenant of Compa- 
ny K., 42d Regiment, and in June was elected Captain of the 
same Company and served in Virginia until December 1864, 
when Hoke's Division was ordered to North Carolina. Dur- 
ing the latter part, of the war he served as Inspector General of 
of Hoke'a Division. After the hostilities between the States 
ceased he settled down to farming, and to-day is one of the most 
successful farmers in Mecklenburg county. In this occupation 
^le takes much interest, and is one of the few model farmers of 
"Western Carolina. In 1876 lie was elected a member of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the State (JrangG Patrons of Husbandry, and 
in 187,7 was elected Master of the State Grange, and ex-officio 
anember of the State Board of Agriculture. He was married in 
-June, 1872, to Miss Nicholson, of Halifax county, N. C. Was 
ijlected to his present seat in the State Senate without opposi- 
ition. He is Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture, Sta- 
tistics and Mining, and serves on Education and Public Roads. 
M.e is one of of the clearest- headed members in the Senate and 
3S the ablest representative of the farming interest in the Gener- 
i£.\ Assembly. One of the best members. — Democrat. 




Born in Rowan county, Jan. Gth, .1846. Educated at Dr. 
Wilson's School and at Chapel Hill. Read law under Chief Jus- 
liiee Pearson, and obtained license to practice at the June term 


J.866. Married Miss Elizabeth B. Cain, of Asaeville, by whom 
he has two children. He entered the Confederate service when 
only 18 years old, and served from 18G4 to the close of the war. 
He was a member of Company B., 10th X. C. S. T. His first 
appearance in political life was as a candidate of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1871, to which he was elected, thougli the 
Convention was never held. In 18T'2 he declined the nomina- 
tion for a seat in the Legislature. He was elected to the Con- 
vention of 1878, and took a leading part in the proceedings 
of that body. He was elected to the House of Representatives 
for the session of 1876-'77, and again showed himself to be a 
very valuable member. He is the author of the election law and 
many other important statutes passed at that session. He was 
elected to his present seat in the Senate by 431 majority over a 
Democrat opponent, Jolm C. Ford, Esq., who ran in tlie campaign 
on the '* farmer's ticket."' Mr. Henderson is a strong Democrat, 
but strange as it may seem,. r> ceived every colored vote cast at the 
Salisbury and MocKsville precincts. This Was an unex[^eeted 
and a very^unusual compliment. Mr. H. has been one of the 
hardest working members of tlio present Assembly, and has done 
much towards shaping a large portion of the most important 
acts of the session. He is the autlior of the bills, "defining the 
Criminal Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace," and "Prohibit- 
ing the removul of causes, except where the ends of justice ab- 
solutely require it," and of many otlicr measures of public in- 
terest and importance. He is a member of the Judiciary Com- 
^mittee, Chairman of Finance Committee, on Retrenchment and 
Jieform, Internal Improvement, and several others. He is a 
■ erj worthj, able and influential member. — fhrnncj-af. 

: (3G> 




Was born at Lansdowne, the old family home, in Randolplj 
county, one mile from what is now Trinity Colles'e, is abont 54 
years old; received an academical education in the neighborhood 
and at Greensboro, where he remained several years studyinsr 
Latin, Grcbk and Mathematics; studied law with his brother,, 
who died at an early age after having acquired much disfinction 
as a lawyer, lie removed to Lexington and commenced the 
practice of his profession, which becam^^so lucrative tli^t he had 
acquired a good estate before the war. He was elected to the 
House of Representatives first in 1848, and continued in the • 
Legislature for ten y^ars, during all of which time he was a 
member of the Judiciary and also of the Internal Improvement 
Committees; taking an active part in all the leading measures 
during his term of oflfice, and was particularly distinguished as 
a friend of Internal Improvements and the Common School 
Svstem. In 1859 he was elected to the Congress of the United 
States as a Whig, in a very excited campaign, defeating Hon. 
Alfred M. Scales, a Democrat and the incumbent, although the 
district was largely Democratic. During his term in Congress 
of two years, he was a strong and devoted LTnion man. opposing- 
secession, and advocating and voting for every measure and 
scheme that had for its object the perpetuation of the Union^ 
AVas canvassing for re-election when troops were called for by 
President Lincoln, when he returned home, raised a company of 
volunteers, and when the regiment was formed, was elected. 
Lt. Colonel. Was in the battles of Bull Ran and Manassas; I'e- 
signed the next year; was elected by a large majority to the last 
Confederate Congress; was elected in 18(J5 to the State Senate,. 
and re-elected two years thereafter, continuing, as before the 
war, the fast friend of Internal Improvements and Education — 
holding his former places on the Judiciary and Internal improve- 
ment Committees. He was elected as-a Conservative to tlw 42.d 


'CoDgress of the United Sttites from a disti'ict of more than 3000 
Republican majority over the late Gen. Wm. L. Scott by a large 
majority, a native of Guilford connty and a distinguished law- 
yer, who was his Republican competitor, and re-elected to the 
43d Congress, in a hard fought contest, defeating Judge Settle 
by a handsome majority. Bsfore the close of the 43d Congress 
he published a circular declining further honors at the hands of 
the people. He was elected to the present Senate, and is Chair- 
man of the Committee on Federal Relations, and is a member of 
the Judiciary Committee. He takes an active part in the de- 
viates of the Senate and is a liberal voter, maintaining his con- 
sistency in his advocacy of internal improvements, the supjoort 
of the charitable institutions of the State and all measures that 
have for their object the i^romotion of the welfare and prosperi- 
ty of the whole people. He has never been defeated for office, 
though often running with large majorities against him. He 
•has the reputation of being a wonderful electioneerer, and stands 
in the foremost ranks as an advocate in his profession and a 
stump-speaker. As is seen in the foregoing, he has served in 
three different Legislative bodies, and has been in public life now 
34 years. His society is much sought after, because he is well 
read, remarkably social, geuiul in his nature and possessed of 
.generous impulses, so that few men have truer and warmer fritnds, 
many of whom predict for him yet higher honers— Democrat. 




Born in Wayne ciuuity November lOtli, 18-30. Educated at 
Tuinity College, Graduated with the class of 1873. Studied law 
In Raleigh under Jndge Strong and Chief Justice Smith. Com- 
pleted his course in law in live months, and received license to 
^practice in January 1874. During the same year he located in. 

' (38) 

Concord, Cabarrus county, and practiced his profession there- 
for two years, he having formed a capartnership with W. J- 
Montgomery, Esq., now Solicitor of that Judicial District. He 
moved to Winston in May of 1877, at which place he has since 
resided and practiced his profession. Was elected to his present 
seat in the Senate as an Indejiendent Eepublican by 6G5 mojority. 
This is his first appearance in political life and he is taking quite 
a prominent stand in his party. As an evidence of his popu- 
larity, we will state that he was elected Chairman of the Eepub- 
lican caucus and received the complimentary vote of his part}^ 
for Lieutenant Governor. He serves on the following commit- 
tees: Judiciary, Education, Military Affairs, and Eetrenchment 
and Eeform. He takes a conspicuous part in the debates of the 
Senate, and having an active mind and a flow of language he 
alwa3's gets a good hearing — Eepublican. 




Born in Greensboro July 19th, 1815. When quite young he- 
moved to Mount Aii'y, Surry county, at which jilace he was 
educated a)id has ever since resided. ^^His occupation was that 
of a farmer, merchant and mechanic. Married Miss Nannie M... 
Paine, of Eockinghani county, by whom he has four children. 
In political life he has had considerable experieuce for a man of 
his age. In 1872 he was a candidate for the Senate against An- 
drew C. Cowles, Esq., and was defeated by 28 votes. Mr. Cowl(5s' 
majority the year previons, however, was 1028. In 1874 he op- 
posed John G. Marlow, Esq., for the Senate, and was defeated 
by 107 votes. In 1875 he ran as a candidate to represent Surry. 
county in the Constitutional Convention, but his opponent, 
Joseph H. Dobson, Esq., was counted in by 10 votes majority:, 
he, however, contested the seat in the Convention, but that body 

( 39 ) 

adjourned without takino- action in the matter. In l^TS hewjts; 
an independent candidate lor the Senate again.^t Richmond Pear- 
son, Esq., and was elected by 357 majority. In the faU of the- 
same year he ran as an independent candidate against Col. R,. 
F. Armfield for Congress in the Tth Congressional District, aad 
reduced to a considerable extent the opposing majority in that 
District. He is a very quiet member, and votes according, to 
his convictions of right regardless of party afiiliations. He was- 
the only Senator who voted for Hon. A. S. Merrimon forUnitedi 
States Senator, and was the only Republican who voted for Hob^. 
J. L. Robinson for Lieutenant Governor. He serves on the' 
Committees of Enrolled Bills and Internal Improvement. — Re>- 



Nicholson's mills, iredell county, n. c. 

Born in Iredell county December 'Uth 181';. Married July 2otkj, 
1831), Miss Rebecca C. Nicholson, by whom he has five children,- 
the oldest of whom, Mr. J. L. Nicholson, died in September 
1 871. Up to 18G8 he h^id held the position of Magistrate 14 years^ 
That year he was elected to represent Iredell in the 'House of 
Representatives. Was re-elected in 1870. Elected to the Senate 
in 1872. Elected to the Constitutional Convention in 1875. Re- 
elected to the Senate in November 1876 by 1500 majority. Was- 
re-elected to the Senate for 1870 without opposition. He is- 
chairman of the Committee on Public Printing, and serves on 
coiiimittee of Engroseed Bills, and Corporations. He very sel- 
dom makes a speech Imt when he does speak he always says-. 
something of importance and his words have much weight witlt 
other members. He is one of the best and truest men in ttie 
Senate and eminently worthy the high compliment shown him 
by his constitueiicy in returning him to this place of trust so of- 


^ten. He is a very faithful member toliis place of duty while the 
T^^dy is in session and very rarely lets any circumstance prevent 
him. from recording his vote on every suhjeet that is brought be- 
f<<>re the Senate. In legislating he studies every point well be- 
fore acting. As a private citizens, Mr. JSTichalson is a christian 
gentleman of unsurpassed qualities, and wields a great influence 
for good in the community in which he lives. He is now about 
"63 years old, yet we trust that he will be spared many years 
longer to re]oresent the good people of the noble old county of 
Iredell — Democrat. 



Was born in that part of Iredell county which is now Alex- 

:.aiider, Is'ovember 27th, 1830. His educational advantages were 

limited to the common schools of the community in which he 

.lived. During the early days of his boyhood he worked on the 

farm, making a crop in the summer and attending school in the 

winter season. In March, 1819, he entered the store of Carson 

• & Smitli, of Taylorsville, as a clerk. This was one of the first 

• stores established at the then new town. In 1852 he gave up 
this position and began the study of medicine. Though he de- 
voted some time in reading medicine he has never practiced any.- 
In the year 1853 he located at Sugar Grove, Watauga county, , 
and engaged in the mercantile business. On the first Thurs- 
day of August, 1!S57, he was elected Clerk of the County Court, 
which office he held until 1859. Continued to merchandise un- 
til the pressure of the war came upon tlie South — which caused 

^Jiini to suspend. After the war began at the time of the re- 
oi^'anization of the militia he was elected Major of the 9oth reg- 
iment of militia. AVhile in service with the Home Guard he 
was Xieu tenant of Capt. Cook's company. March 18G5 moved 
back to Taylorsville and raised a crop that year. In the fall he 
3ivas appointed Provisional Sheriff of i\.lexander county. When 


-tiyil couuty ooveinment was reorganized lie was elected Kegis- 
ter of that county. In September, 18GG, was elected Sheriff and 
after serving ont his time to the satisfaction of the citizens of 
the connty, was re-elected in 18G8, bnt was banded by the 
'• Howard Amendment," and did not qualify as Sheriff, though 
he served as Deputy Sheriff until 1872. He merchandised in 
Taylorsville from 1872 to 1875. Been married twice and has 
eight children. Was elected to present Senate without opposi- 
tion. He is a very quiet but a firm member. He serves on 
three Committees, viz : Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute, Sala- 
ries and Fees, and Enrolled Bills.— Democrat. 




Born in Ashe county Octolx-r 15th, 1826. Received only a 
common school education. Was raised a farmer boy and been 
•engaged in farming ever since. His father and mother both 
died when he was only two years of age. When Alleghaney 
county was formed from Ashe in the year 1856 the new county 
included his home. That same year he was elected Sheriff- 
being the first person to fill that office in i\.lleghaney county. 
He served in that capacity for nine years. He then resigned 
and moved to Ashe in 1805, since which time he has been de- 
voting his time almost exclusively at farming and raising stock. 
He now has a very fine and extensive farm on the South Fork 
of Xew River, the green pastured fields of which extend from 
the rippling stream far up the rugged sides of the surrounding 
mountains. For some time he has given special attention to 
raising horses, cattle, sheep, goats and hogs. He is a true iSTorth 
Carolinian and takes pride in doing everything in his power 
that will be conducive to her prosperity. To illustrate this he 
driv.s all 1 is horses,, cattle, ca'., to the eastern part of the State 


to find a market instead of taking tlicm out of the State. He 
is a Democrat b^- birtli and a Baptist b}' profession. Was elected 
to the i)resent Senate wit^'^out opposition. He serves on the 
State Debt Committee, also on several other standing andsj^ecial. 
committees. He married Miss Salina Tliompson, of Ashe coun- 
ty, July lOtli, 1851.— Democrat. 




Was l)orn at Gilbert Town, in the county of Kiitherford, on 
the loth day of February, 1845. Is the only son of Gen. John 
Gray Bynum, who for many years rei3res3ntel tlie county of 
Eutherford in the Legislature, and had much to do with mould- 
ing the legislation of the State. Mr. Bynum at the age of four 
years moved with his father to Columbia, S. C, where he lived 
three years, then back to the county of Kutherlurdton; in 1865 
lo Wilmington where his father died. He then, with his 
mother, moved to the county of Burke. Duri ig .the early jiart 
of the war he served in the 71st North Carolina Regiment. In 
1864 he was on the North Carolina steam3r " Advance," the 
celebrated Blockade runner, and was captured on that vessel, 
and imprisoned in Ludlow Street jail, in the City of<- Ncav York. 
After tlie war he studied law with Chief Justice Pearson, ob- 
tained his license in 1867, and settled in the town of Morgan- 
ton, Avhere he has resided ever since. Oi the 21st day of Sep- 
tember, 187u, he was married toMissHennie E. Erwin. of Mor- 
gan ton, N. C. Mr. Bynum is on the Judic'ary Conmittee, is 
Chairman of tlie Committee on the Insane Asyhim, Avas Chair- 
man of the Committee on Privileges and Elections, was also 
Chairman of the Joinst Select Committee to fix tlie ridings of 
Judges, and to arrange the number of em])loyc'OS in the two- 
brandies of the (icneral Assembly and Avages to be paid them.. 


On the part of the Committe on the Insane Asylum lie filed it 
very elaborate report showing where, in the management of that 
institntion a saving of $10,000 conld be annually savei to the 
State. Mr. Bynnm is a very active and energetic member and' 
a young man of decided ability. He has taken a i)rominent 
l)art in the discussion of many of the most important measures 
that has been before the Senate. — Democrat. 



Born in Morgan ton, Burke county. When he was quite young- 
his father- purchased and moved to that beautiful jilace in 
McDowell county, the Pleasant Gardens. He graduated at 
Davidson College with the class of 185G. He read law with 
the late Chief Justice Pearson and obtained license to practice 
a short time before the war, and now practices in the courts of 
McDowell and adjacent counties. He was Solicitor for McDow- 
ell county for several years. His first experience in Legislative 
Halls was as a member of the House of Eepresentives from 
McDowell for the session of 18?4-'75. Was elected to his pres- 
ent seat in the Senate by a large majority. His Senatorial Dis- 
trict is composed of the counties of Burke, McDowell, Caldwell, 
Mitchell and Yancey. Committees: .Judiciary, Finance and 
Deaf, Dumb and Blind. He is always at his place in the Sen- 
ate and is a very vigilent member. — Democrat. 




Was born in liillsboro, X. C, Dec. 2Cth, 1830: was taught 
at the schools in his native town until Jui:.', 1850, when he eu- 


•ed tlie Univeivity at Clnipel Hill, where he remained until Jun- 
iiary, 1859, when he went to Princeton, N. J., and graduated 
in the class of 1860. He settled in Lincoln county in 18(J1, but 
entered the arniy with Orange county troops, and returned to 
Lincoln county immediately after the Avar and has since resided 
there. He was married in June. 18G3, to Miss Julia R., 
daughter of J. W. Lane, Esq., of Amelia county, Ya. , by whom 
he has fixe children living and two dead. Major Cx. is a very 
prominent member ot the Baptist Church, and is at present the 
President of the State Convention of that religious denomina- 
tion. He entered the Confederate army as First Liutenant of 
Company K, 2d N. C. Cavalry, and served until wounded at 
Gettysburg, on July 3d, 1863. After which he was Assistant 
Adjutant General of North Carolina for remainder of the war. 
He was promoted to Captain in November, 1862. Was men- 
tioned for gallantry in General Orders from District Headquar- 
ters for action in a fight at Faicen's, in Jones county, N. C, and 
•especially mentioned by liegimental commander for conduct in 
the battle of Brandy Station, June 9 th, 1863. His first appear- 
ance in political life was as a candidate for the Eeconstrnction 
Convention in 1867, and was defeated. In 1874 he was elected 
to the Senate from his present District, embracing Lincoln and 
Catawba counties, receiving every vote cast. He took a prom- 
inent part in the proceedings of that body, and prehaps to no 
one in the State are the people more indebted for the Conven- 
tion of 1875. By his instrumentality the Revenue law was so 
amended regarding stock in banks and other incorporated com- 
panies that the returns for this kind of property was increased 
from $590,000 to over 11,750,000. The only law to protect the 
people against imposition by railroad companies is his work. 
He was again elected to State Senate in 1878 without opposi_ 
tion. He is regarded as one of the leading members of the body 
and lacked on one ballot in the Democratic caucus only a few 
votes of being chosen Lieutenant Governor. He is regarded as 
the leader in measures to reduce the expenses of the government 
and loAver taxation. He is a practical farmer and looks well to 
•the interest of his i^i'ofession in the Halls of the Legislature. 
He is Chiiirunui of Committee on Penal Institutions, and mem- 


ber of Committee on Finance, Agricnltnre and Mechanic and 
Mininff. A close worker and active niember.-Democrat. 




Was born in Lincolnton on the 25th day of Septemher 1830.. 
Was educated at Cokesburg Institute, S. C. By occupation he 
is a farmer and merchant. He has been twice nwried-tirst ta 
Miss Emma R. Higgins, of McDowell connty His ^econd wf e 
was Miss M. Ella Round, of Lenoir, Caldwell county. At t lie 
bcoinning of the war he volunteered and served as a private m 
Companv K, 1st N. C. Yolnnteers, and was with this regiment 
in the memorable ''first battle" of Bethel. When this regi- 
ment was recognised as the 11th N. C. State Troops he wa 
elected Lieutenant in Company I, and served with this regiment 
t<^ the close of the war, in the brigade that became successive^ly 
Pettigrews-s, Kirkland-s and McEae's, of Hetlvs Division, od 
Arm, Corps of Northern Yirgiuia. He received three wounds 
at the ])attle of Gettysburg, and was also slightly ^oumled m 
the fearful struggle in the Wiklerness. Was captured at Gieen 
Castle, Pa., but made his escape and returned to the Contea- 
erate lines the same day/ He was in command of Company I 
from the battle of Gettysburgto the final scene at Appomattox 
He hasnever before been inpubliclife. Waselectedtolnspieent 

seat in the Senate over a clever and talented gentleman by a 
niajoritv of 2,.G2 votes, in a total vote of 3.834 He is a .eiy 
<,uiet but good working member. Yery prompt to his sat Is 
C hairman of Committee on Banks and Currency; and sey s on 
Salaries and Fees, Military Aifairs, Enrolled Bdls and Educa.- 
tion. — Democrat. 





Boi'ii June 3d, 1838. Educutcd iu Rutlieri'urd county under 
Mr._^Fr;ink I. Wilson. AVus a merchant until 1802, opposed se- 
cession ard voted^against the Convention of 1861. Entered the 
Confederate service in March, 1862, as Captain and served until 
the surreiKler. Was wounded March 16th, 1865, at Averys- 
boro, N. C. Was elected County Court Clerk of Rutherford in 
1865 and served till 1868. Elected State Senat-^r as a Rej)ubli- 
can from 'R"thei ford, Polk and Cleaveland in April, 1868. 
Was Assistant United States Assessor for four years. Elected 
State Senator in August, 1878 by 400 majority, reversing a ma- 
jority of 400. Married Miss Johnnie Logan, daughter of Hon. 
G. W. Logan, February 20th, 18C6. Has six children. His 
wife is a graduate of Salem Female College. Committees: In- 
ternal Improvements, Salaries and Fees and Federal Relations, 
Joint Committee on employees of the General Assembly. Mr. 
E. is a nephew of Hon. John Baxter, of Knoxville, Tennessee, 
who is now a Judge of the United States Cii cuit Court ; and is 
a nei^hew of Ex-Gov. Elisha Baxter, of Arkansas. — Rej)ubliean. 




Was born near Waynesville, in the county of Haywood, 30th 
March, 1845. His parents removed to Cherokee county in 1846 
where they resided until 1863. Mr. D. was sent to the village 
schools in Murphy until the year 1860, when he became a pupil 
of Col. Stephen Lee at Asheville. In 1861 he volunteered in 


the " BunconibL' Ritles," tlie lirsfc company organized west of 
the Blue Ridge. In the winter of 1861-'62 he joined the 39th 
N. C. Regiment, commanded by Col. David Coleman. He was 
soon made Sergeant Major of the regiment and served with it 
in the army of the west till 1863, in the campaign of Tennessee 
and Kentucky, when he whs commissioned Aid-de-Camp on the 
staff of Gen. R. Ix Vance. Ke tilled the office of A. A. A. (i. 
in the military district. Western Xorth Carolina, during the 
year of 18G4: and until the close of war in 1865, taking an active 
part in the campaign in East Ttmnessee. At tlie close of the 
war he resumed liis studies at Ccd. Lee's, and at the same time 
prosecuted the study of the law under the. late Judge Bailey. 
He was admitted to the bar of the Courts of Pleas and Quarter 
Sessions, at June Term, 180(5, of the Supreme Court, and short- 
ly afterwards was elected Solicitor of Clay county. In 1867 he 
was admitted to the Sn])erior Court bar, and siooti formed a 
partnership with his I'iiL.'iei, the Hon. A. T. Davidson, of Ashe- 
ville, which con'iiHK'S V't. Mr. D. has taken an active interest 
in public affairs for v^.. \eial ye.irs past. For six years he has 
been Chairman of the Demociatit; County Executive Committee 
of Buncombe county, and for four years has been Chairman of 
the Domocratic Executive Committee of the Eiglith Congress- 
ional District. Until 1878 he (jcclined to become a candidate 
for any political position. He was then nominated by acclama- 
tion, and at the polls defeated W. R. Trull, a Republican, and 
M. J, Fagg, an independent. In November, 1866, he married 
Miss Sallie Iv. Alexander, daugiiter of Cape. A. M. Alexander, 
of French Broad, ]3unconibe county. Mr. D. is a very careful 
member — always voting intelligently on all subjects. Takes 
gi*eat interest in looking into measures of importance before the 
Senate. Buncombe has a good representative. He serves as 
Chairman on Committee of Corporations, and is a member of 
Internal Improvements, Judiciary and Special Committee on 
.Railroads. — Democrat. 





AVas born on North Mills river, in Buncombe county, (now 
Henderson), January 8th, 1829. Educated at the common 
schools and academies of the community in v/hich he lived. His 
preceptors were James Patten, Wm. McKay and A. T. Living- 
ston. Married the first time in 1849 to Miss Theresa E. McLain, 
of Henderson county. Second wife was Mrs. B. Y. Hugging, 
of Ealeigh, to wbom he was married May 17th, 1875. Seven 
children, four boys and tliree girls, by his first wife — none by 
the latter. His second wife, Mrs. Huggins, was once Principal 
Matron at the Insane Asylum for seveial years and as such won 
quite an enviable reputation in the performance of the arduous 
duties of that office. Mr. Taylor by occupation is a farmer and 
trader. He has been identified with the county affairs of Hen- 
derson ever since it was established. Before and during the war 
he served a number ol years as magistrate and w^as Chairman of 
the old County Courts. He was Sheriff and Deputy Sheriff of 
his county for sixteen years, and as such made many warni 
friends in every section of the county. He was first elected to 
the General Assembly of North Carolina as Senator for the ses- 
sion of 1874-'75, from the Senatorial District composed of Hen- 
derson, Transylvania and Haywood counties. Was the regular 
nuininee of the Democratic party in 1878 and defeated three iu- 
dependant Democrats and one straightout Republican by about 
800 majority. His regular opponent was Rev. John C. Carson, 
who was on the Republican State ticket in 1876 for Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction. Mr. T. serves on the following 
Committees: Internal Improvements, Claims, and Propositions 
and Grievances. During the session lis has lieen very attentive 
to the business before the Senate and always considered matters 


])roperiy l^ef ore acting. He represents a noble constituency and 
they sliould feel justly proud of his watchfulness here, for nO' 
etforts are spared to legislate for the interest of a people so de- 
pendent upon wise legislation to develop the internal resources 
of their section, one of the grandest in the old North State. — 





Was born in Orange, county, May 28th, 182§. Educated at 
Caldwell Institute, Graham, N. C, and the State University. 
He graduated at Chapel Hill in the class of 1847, together with 
Eev. F. E. Skinner, Gen. M. W. Eansoni, Gen. J. J. Pettigrew, 
and a number of other prominent gentlemen . Married Septem- 
ber 8th, 1857, Miss Fannie, daughter of Maj. James Kerr, of 
Caswell county. Graduated in medicine at the University of 
Pennsylvania in March, 1850, and has been a regular and active 
practitioner ever since. This is the first time he ever appeared 
in politics, always declining any political office. He is a watch- 
ful member. — Democrat. 





Roru Jan. 19th, lS-2-^, in Iredell county, (now Alexander). 

'Went to Madison, Morgan county, Ga., where he remained for 
goveial years, then returned to his native county. While in 

<leorgia he clerked in a store, and read medicine under Dr. 
Oglesby. After returning to the "Tar Heel" State, he pursued 
Ills studies in Medicine under Dr. Caloway, of Wilkesboro. He 

attended Jefferson JVlpdical College, Philadelphia, in 1847-'48. 
¥[arried Miss D. P. Boyd, of Alexander county, in 1852. Was 
Oltrk and Master in Kquity for 6 years. He has represented 
Alexander county in the Gerieral Assembly continuously since 
1801, except in IStjy, when he was banded by an order from 

'14en. Sickles, and in is?r.. He is a very quiet member, but al- 

ifj^ays does his own tliiiiking ;ind votes intelligibly. — Democrat. 




Was born in Grayson county, Va., in l^oi). Keceived the ru- 
«liments of an education at the common schools of the vicinity 
— working on the farm in the summer and going to school in the 
winter. In 1856 went to Independence High School, then un- 
dercharge of Rev. Wm. M. Robey, late President of Davenport 
Female College, Lenoir, N. C, and attended that school for ten 
months. When^only 19 years old he was elected to the office of 
Oummissioner of Revenue for Grayson county, and served two 
years. This was a well merrited compliment, for really the law 
..required the person filling that place to be 21 years old, but the 


question was not raised against him and he was allowed to serve 
out his term. Ai the beginning of tlie war lie entered the Con- 
federate service as 1st Lieutenant ot Company D. ■3ith Va. Cav- 
alry, and served in that capacity until August I860, at which 
time he was discharged on account of ill health. But it was 
uot long until he was able for duty and was i)romoted to the 
rank of ALajor and assigned to the held Transportation Depart- 
ment, in whicli capacity he served very acceptibly to the close of 
the war. In the year 18G5 he settled in Alleghany county, read 
law, and since 1870 has been a practicing lawyer in that and ad- 
jacent counties. Was elected to the Constitutional Convention 
of 1875 without opposition. He served in that body on the Leg- 
islative Department Committee, of wliich Hon. T. L. Clingman 
was Chairman. While in the Convention he introduced and 
advocated an ordinance to abolish the Senate of North Carolina. 
Was elected to the House of Representatives for the session of 
187G-"77 by the largest vote ever cast for a rei»resentative from 
that county. Was again, contrary to his exj-ressed will, nomi- 
nated for and elected, without opposition, to the House of Eep- 
resentatives in the present Legislature. He is a very active and 
working member and serves his constituency faitlifuUy. He is 
Chairman of Committee on Railroads, &c., and member of Com- 
mittee on Public Printing, and the Judiciary Committee. Ho 
married Miss C. E. Lester, of Rockingham eoui.ty, N. C, and 
has four children. He serves on the Judiciary and several other 
Committee-;. Is Chairman of the Hoi sj Lemociatic Caucus, 
also Chairman of the Joint Dcm)Criitic Caucus. During the 
session Mr. Moring was compelled to be absent a great deal of 
his time on accottnt of sickness in his family, and to supply a 
want Mr. Vaughan was elected 8} eaker jro/cvi. by a unani- 
mous vote. He is a good prrlimei tarian and in every way com- 
petent to preside over the deliberations of the body. He is an 
earnest worker and a mos": excellent number. He rej resents a 
solid constituency, and the good citizens of AlJeghany should 
feel proud that they luive such a faithful representative. By 
occupation he is a lawyer and farmer. He has a good run of 
practice and runs a first-class farm. — Democrat. 





Born ill Anson connty June 2nd, 1850. Grudiiiited nt Trin- 
ity College with the class of 1873. Read law under Maj. C. 
Dowd, of Chai-lotte, and received license to practice at the June 
t<?rm of the Supreme Court in 1874. He located at Wadesboro, 
where he still resides. Married Feb. 6th, 1878, to Miss Lina, 
youngest daughter of Judge Ashe. Though young in jeavs, he 
has served as Mayor of his town, which honor, liowever, was 
conferred upon him almost without his knowledge. He never 
sought political preferment, but the people of his comity, recog- 
nizing his worth, nominated and elected him to hi^; present seat 
without the least solicitation on his part. He is ;in jictive and 
efficient member. — Democrat. 




Born in Wilkes county Feb. 20th, 1828. His educational ad- 
vantages were limited to those of the common schools of the 
community. Moved to Ashe county in 1852. In 1855 he mar- 
ried Miss Davis, of Mecklenburg county. In the Secession Con- 
tion of 1861 he represented Ashe and Alleghany, both counties 
then being entitled to only one member. During the war he 
served as commissioner to collect supplies for the army. Served 
as magistrate many years. By occupation he is a merchant and 
farmer, and in both lines of business he has been very successful. 
He was elected to his present scat without solicitation on his 
part, and had no opposition. He serves on Committees: Prop- 
ositions and Grievances, Public Buildings and Printing Com- 


mittee. He is a close thinker, and always considers subjects 
■carefully, and then does his own voting. — Democrat. 




Born July 7th, 1840. Educated at common schools. Went 
to Hyde eounty in 1859- and began teaching, being but 19 years 
of of age. He returned to his native county in 1860 and con- 
tinued to teach until the fall of 1861. He was elected Second 
Lieutenant, under Capt. Geo. Waters, of the malitia, and re- 
mained a malitia officer during the war. In 1866 he purchased 
a farm and began agricultural pursuits, and has continued that 
since. He was elected in 1878 to represent the counties of Beau- 
fort and Pamlico by a majority of 341. Married April 3d, 1873, 
Miss Virginia Allen, of Plymouth, Washington county, N. C, 
by whom he has three ehildj-eu. — Republican. 




Was. born in Bertie county July 17th, 1856. Attended Trin- 
ity College until he passed through the Junior Class. Left 
there in 1874, and went to Washington Lee University, where 
he graduated with class of 1876. He was a candidate for the 
Legislature in the summer of 1876, but on account ^f the coun- 
ty l)eing largely Republican he was defeated. But feeling that 
he was the exponent of a party that would finally triumph he 


ran again in 18T8 and was elected orer his negro op])onent byv 
500 majority. He is tlip first Democrat from Bertie county 
since the war, and is the yonngest meinl)er in the General As- 
sembly, he being only about 23 years old. It is a proud record 
that one so young should so gain the confidence and esteem of 
the people of the county as to be honored with such a place of" 
trust. He serves on the Judiciary and several other commit- 
tees. He is a brilliant speaker for his experience and has taken 
an active part in a great many of the prominent measures before 
the Honse. — Democrat. 

BLA^■»E^' COL^'TY. 



Born November 11th, 1839. Xever went to school a day ia- 
liis life. What education he has attained Avas by applying, 
liimsclf during the spare moments from his work. Was 
bound out when only seven months old. He has been county 
commissioner four years and school commissioner six years.. 
This is his second term to the House of Representatives. Mar- 
ried Mary Moriah Pittman February ICtii, 18G8, and has seven 
children — only three living. He is on Committees: Agricul- 
ture and Claims. — Republican, (Col.) 




Born in Columbus county, March 11th, 1848. His occupa- 
tion is that of a farmer and teacher. He raises large quantities 

( 55 ) 

of peauuls, market for which he liiuls in Wilmington nini 
Charleston. He began teaching wlieu only 18 years old and lius 
been teaching from time to time ever since. He moved from 
Columbus to BrunsAvick in December, 1875. Married Decem- 
ber 23d. 1875, to Miss Josephene Thomas, daughter of 0». 
Thomas, Esq., of Brunswick. Was elected to the House by a 
small majority — that county formerly being Republican. He 
serves on Committees: Internal Improvements, Immigration-, 
and Military Affairs. A very careful and attentive member. — 



A.SIiEVlJ.J.K. N. < . 

Was b'^]-n in Madison county, Febi'uary -^I'tli, 18-43. Early 
ill life he was under the instruction of that favorably known 
teacher, Col. Lee, of Asheville; late]- lie attended Chapel Hill. 
He read law with Judge J. L. Baily, and received license to 
l)ractice at the January term of 1867. He was a gallant soldier 
during the Avar. Though he Avas very young Avhen he entered 
service he Avas elected Captain of a company in the 64th Regi- 
ment. In 1865 the yankees captured him in East Tennessee, 
and after being confined in a number of different prisons, he- 
tinally made his escape v/hile being transferred from Indianapo- 
lis to Fort Delaware, by secreting himself under the railway 
platform at Jersey City. After many narrow escapes and in- 
teresting adventures he finally succeeding in nniking his v/ay 
tlirough the enemy's line, and joined his command again. Mar- 
ried Miss Susie Rawles, of Union, S. C, June 26th, 1877. He 
was a member of the House of Representatives for 1876-'77, and 
making a faithful and efficient member the good ]ieople of Bun- 
combe returned him here again to the present session. He is 
Chairman of Committee on Internal Improvement, Chairmun 


of the House brancli of the Democratic caucus, Chairman of 
Committee to investigate Kaih-oad charters, second on Judiciary 
and serves on several other important committees. He has in- 
terested himself specially during the present session in promot- 
ing the railroad enterprises of his section, in enlarging the juris- 
diction of magistrates, and in other measures looking to reduc- 
tion of county expenses. He advocated strongly the bill to 
commute and settle the State debt. Mr. C. is high up on the 
list of substantial and influential members of the House and has 
by his labors done much in shaping valuable legislation during 
this session. — Democrat. 



Born November 15th, 1833, in McMin county, Teun. Edu- 
'Cated at Dr. Wilson's famous school in Alamance county, this 
State, and at Hiwassee College, Tennessee. Married Miss Har- 
rett N. Baird, of Buncombe county, February 2d, 1858, and has 
ten children living. Went into the war at the very beginning 
as 1st Lieutenant in the 1st Tennessee Regiment of Cavalry, but. 
on losing most of hib men and horses in an engagement with 
the enemy he resigned and raised another company and was 
made Senior Captain in the 62d Tennessee Eegiment, and much 
of the time commanded his regiment in the heroic defense our 
soldiers made in the siege of Vicksburg— where with ten days 
rations thatgallaut band successfully resisted and repulsed Gen. 
Grant with more than ten times their force and all the appli- 
ances of war that his heart could wish. After the exchange of 
the Vicksburg soldiers Captain A was assigned to duty in the 
department of West Yi;ginia and Tennessee, and for the last 
year of tlie war vras commander of his regiment, although for 
some cause at Eichmond his commission as Colonel was never 
issued. On the surrender of CJen. Lee his (V^auglm's) and 
Morgan's Brigades made their way to Charlotte to join Presi- 
dent Davis, and in that retreat Capt. A. was assigned the im- 
portant duty with his regiment in defending tlie rear, and so 


well did lie perform his duty tliat on tlieir arrival at Charlotte 
he was personally complimented by President Davis. He was 
then assigned with his command as a part of the escort of Pres- 
ident Davis in his efforts to reach the trans-Mississippi depart- 
ment and was with him till a few days before his capture by the 
Federal forces in Georgia. At the close of the war Captain A. 
commenced the practice of law at As^^eville — not being allowed 
to return to his home in Tennessee in consequence of the reign 
of terror that ruled there under Brownlow's administration. He 
afterwards became the Editor of the Citizen, and for several 
years his paper was the only journal in that Congressional Dis- 
trict that upheld the cause of the Democratic party. Much of 
our great majority there now may doubtless be placed to his 
credit. He afterwards sold the Citizen and engaged in the fruit 
business near Asheville, and to-day has likely more reputation 
in that line than any man in the South, having taken the medal 
at the Centennial and other National fairs for the finest apples, 
and through his efforts North Carolina is noted as the finest 
fruit growing section of the world. He led his ticket in 
the election last summer in Buncombe, and is one of the 
most industrious members of the House. He inaugurated the 
movement of Retrenchment and Reform and through his un- 
ceasing efforts a large curtailment of the State's expenditures 
has been made — consefjuently a reduction of the taxes for the 
coming year. He is devoted to the interests of his mountain 
country, and his efforts in their behalf Avill be duly recognized 
by an a])preciating constituency. — Democrat. 




AYas l)orn m Biirke county Feln-uary 1st, 18)30. His educa- 
tional facilities were limited to the home countrv schools. Like 


many young men of the present day, he was not content when 
he grew up to manhood until he took a tri]) West. At the age- 
of 22 he left the old North State for the gold regions of Cali- 
fornia, and on his way to and from the "great State of the 
West,'' he touched at and remained for some time at Havanah, 
Cuba ; Panama, on the Isthmus of Darian ; Aspenwall, New 
Orleans and several other noted places. In. the year 1856 he 
became convinced that the great places of the South and West 
with all their attractions could not furnish him a home with as 
much contentment as his native county, so he returned and. en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits. Farming has been his chief oc- 
cupation ever since he permanently located, though much of his 
time has been devoted to the manufacturing of flour and lumber. 
He now has some good flouring and saw mills on his farm near 
Morganton. Soon after his return from the West he became 
firmly convinced that there was one thing needed, to complete 
his happiness, so on the 2nd dtiy of June, 1857, he led to the 
himenial alter Miss Mira xi. Hennessee, of Burke county. He 
has been identified with the county affairs of IJurke for a num- 
ber of years. In August IhOO he was elecLed Sherifl' of the 
county and served his people in that o Hce for ten years. Been 
county commissioner for some four or live years. Was elected 
to his present seat in the House of Henresentatives by 273 ma- 
jority. He IS a member of tlie Conimir,r,ee on salaries and Fees, 
and Counties, Towns ami Cities. A very attentive representa- 
tive — Democrat. 



(,X)NCOHD, N. <•. 

The ]u'|)iL\^cnt.ative of Cabari'us county, W. H. Orchard, was 
born on the 0th day of April, 1825, in the county of Cornwall, 
>]ngland. Was jilaced at school in the year 1831, and remained' 

( 50 ) 

:i.t scliool until tlie yodi" I^^mS. The only teachings or systertt t>f' 
education in tlio common Schools of the county at that time wa? 
from the Bi hie and small hand dictionary, with writing ami 
arithmetic. In the year l8o8 lie v/as placed at work at <me of 
the deepest mines in CornM-all, and remained at work until! the 
year 1844, wlien he visited London for the puri)ose of gainiag- 
general information, returning to his home in the Avinter of tbst 
year. In the spring of 1845 he visited Duhlin, Ireland, for the 
pur])ose of inform.ation. Left Dublin in May, 1845 for Kew 
York, and after a voyage of seven weeks and three days landed 
on the American shore on the 3d day of July, 1845. After u- 
lev/ weeks stay in the city of New York, he went buck into-> 
Pennsylvania to Schuylkill county, known as the coal regfen^ 
From the coal region, in the spring of 1847, he reraov8c?ic^ 
Montgomery county, Pa., to tlie then newly opened coppier 
mines at Shannonville. In the month of January, 184&, lie 
married in Schuylkill county, Pa,, Elizabeth Fisher, who *-as 
l)orn in Yorkshire, England, on the 28th day of May, 1S27>. 
Their only child living is one daughter, born in 1850, and mar- 
ried in 1867 to Martin Roger, in Cabarrus county. He remained' 
at Shannonville, Pa., until August, 1850. From there Avas sent 
to St. Lawrence county, New York, to superintend and manage- 
the Lead Mints of the St. Lawrence Lead Mining Co. In the- 
vear IHM, at the October term of the Superior Court for tbat 
county, held at Canton, he was duly naturalized and made a cit- 
izen of the United States. In June, 1853, at the solicitation of 
many friends, was engaged to take the management of the Phoe- 
nix Gold Mining Company's property in Cabarrus county, at? 
which place he has continued to make his permanent home. 
although he has been engaged as superintendent of mines m 
Mecklenbuig and Guilford' counties in this State, he acesptedi 
the Democratic doctrine as being the doctrine or politieal or- 
ganization most thoroughly adapted to the Avants of a republi- 
can form of government. Since the year 1865 he has been en- 
gaged most of his time in agricultural pursuits. He serA^es^ or-; 
Committees: Coi'porations, State Debt, Kailroads, and is Chair- 
man of Banks and Cnrrencv. A valuable :.i^mbcr.--Democrd,L 





Was born at Clover Hill. Cakhvell county, his old family 
homestead, on xijn-il 15th, 1<S4-S. Was prepared for College at 
Bingham High School and at Finley High School. En- 
tered the University in 1864, which he left to join the 3d N. C. 
Cavalry. Eemained with his regiment as a private soldier until 
the surrender at Appomatox. After the close of the war he re- 
turned to Chapel Hill, where he remained until tlie closing of 
the University under the administration of Gov. Holden. He 
then went to the University of A^irginia, remaining there one 
year. Upon his return home, in 1869, he was elected a Justice 
of the Peace. In 1870 he was chosen as the representative of 
his native county in the Legislature ; chosen again in 1872, and 
again in 1878. He has been for the four years of his service 
Chairman of the Committee on Corporations, and is, besides, a 
member of the Committee on Judiciary, Deaf Dumb and Blind, 
and Chairman of the Committee on Eules of the House, and a 
member on Public Printing. Married Eugenia E., daughter of 
Maj. A. M. Lewis, of Kaleigh, N. C, on the 29th of October, 
1872. He is one of the most influential members of the House. 
He has quick perception and clear view of most questions that 
.arise, speaks well and takes a prominent part in the discus- 
sion of a great many issues before the House. — Democrat. 

oamdp:n county. 


Born in Camden, May 27th, 1822, and is son of Silas Forbes, 
JEsq. Attended common schools. Married Feb.lsc, 1844, Miss 


^lar)^, (laiighter of Tally Morrisett, E^q. Has 9 children — only 
5 living, 4 boys and 1 girl. By <^ccupation lie is a farmer. 
Been County Commissioner 2 years. Was appointed Magistrate 
under the Canby Government. Was elected to his present seat 
by 286 majority, Committes: Internal Improvements, Private 
Bills, Banks and Currency. — Democrat. 




Born March 28th, 1832. Married July 10th, 185G, to Miss 
Mary C. Whitehurst, daughter of David W. Wliitehurst, Esq., 
who represented Carteret county several years in the Legisla- 
ture. A merchant by occupation and conducts a very systematic 
business — never owing an account more than thirty days. Was 
elected on the first Board of County Commissioners in 1868, and 
re-elected in 1870, during which term lie Avas Chairman. Was 
again re-elected in 1872. He served two years as Postmaster, 
ten years as Magistrate and two years as Commissioner of Wrecks. 
Was elected to the House of Eepresentatives for the session of 
1879 by 482 majority. He servos upon the Finance Committee,, 
also Committee on Internal Improvement. — Democrat. 




Was born in Caswell county, N. c., on July 22d, 1842. Edu- 
cated at Yanceyville Academy and Trinity College, N. 0. En- 


listed as private in Company A. 13th Keg't N". C. S. T., in May, 
1861, and was discharged therefrom in July, 1802, Was ap- 
pointed by the Auditor of Publ'c Accounts (Hon. S. F. Phillips) 
-as clerk in that office in December, 1?^62, which position he ac- 
•cepted and held until the latter part of 1863. Married August 
Mth, 1863, to Miss Adeline H. Slade, of Caswell, who died ;d2d 
February, 1878. Mr. Harrison was Magistrate in Caswell for 
several years. AVas elected Mayor of Milton in 1872, at which 
jdace he was then dealer in leaf tobacco. Elected to the House of 
Hepresentatives from Caswell in 1874, 1870 and again in 1878 
-AS an Independent. Never attended a caucus of either politi- 
cal party. He was the only member of the House who voted 
for Hon. A, 8. Merrimon for U. 8. Senator in January last. Is 
a. member of the Committee on Appointment of Magistrates, 
and also on Engrossed Bills. Mr. Harrison's father and grand- 
jFather boili represented Caswell county before liim. Farmer by 
occitpalion. — Independent Republican. 


fitch's store, X. 0. 

Born in Amelia county, Va., Aug. 1st, 18;U. Came to North 
Carolina in 1855. Attended the common schools of Richmond, 
V&, Married Miss Francis Kimbro, of Caswell county, in 1857. 
Has had 15 children — only 8 living. Been Magistrate 2 years. 
Ooanty Commissioner 2 years. Has taught school a great deal 
as an occupation. He was a member to the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1868. Elected to tlie House for session '60-'70 and 
''74:, Was in the Convention of 1875. In the House iti 1876- 
'??, and again in 1870. Was elected last time by 300 majority 
"Over tAvo opponents. Serves on the Committee of Education. — 
ITepublican (Col.). 



CAPT. E. ?.. DAVIS, 


Was born in Halifax county, Va., November 24, I80G. (inid- 
Tiated at Hampden Sydney College in 1854. Head law one ses- 
sion at the University of Virginia, and was reading law wlieu 
the civil war began. Entered the Confederate army as a private 
April ■24th, 1861, and commanded a battery of light artillery at 
Appomatox Court House, April l)th, 1805. Married Cornelia 
J., daughter of the late N. N. Nixon, Esq., of Wilmington, N. 
C, June 25th, 1868. In 1872 was the Democratic nominee for 
the Virginia Senate from his native county, and altliuugh the 
Republican majority had been 1,500. he wa:^ beaten by less than 
'300 votes. In 18T4 removed from \'irginia to Wilmington, N. 
C, and thence after a i(.'siilciice of a few months to Catawba 
county, and resides near lliL-kory, of which count)' he was the 
Democratic nomiut'O. and as aich elected to the present House 
of Representatives by a majority of 516 votes over the combined 
vote of his three compt-titors. He serves on Committees : Ed- 
ucation, Public Debt, Joint Rules, is Chairman Private Bills, 
and was on the special committee of three to investigate the 
management of the Western North Carolina Railroad and the 
Western Insane Asylum. Capt. Davis is a hard working and 
very intelligent member. To liim is mainly due the saving of 
about 1230,000 to the State in one instance during the present 
session. When the bill to adjust the State debt was before the 
committee, he originated the clause which provides that the in- 
terest on the promised shall not begin until July 1st, 1880. 
This saves to the people of the State all the interest that would 
have accrued on the bonds for about eighteen months. He has 
been a very faithful member, and though this is his first term 
in the legislative halls he has made quite an enviable reputation. 
In reference to his course in the present General Assembly the 
leading Democratic organ in Eastern Carolina, the Wilmington 
-Morning Star of March 1st, 1879, has this to say : " Among the 


very ablest men in either branch of the Legislature is the member 
of the House of Representatives from Catawba. As North Oar- 
linians we have watched his course with pride and gratification. 
He has been the friend of every measure which tended to build 
up the great interests of the State. He has fought all jobs with 
unflinching courage. He is chivalrous and brave as he is court- 
eous and kind. A finished scholar, an elegant orator, an accom- 
plished gentleman he well represents the people of his adopted 
county." — Democrat. 



EGYPT, 2s^. C. 

Born January 31st, 18^5. He received only a common Eng- 
lish education. Occupation a farmer. Married Miss Eliza L. 
Watson, April 31st, 1855, by whom he has seven children. Was 
in Home Guard service during the war. He is a grandson of 
Col. William Golston, a noted soldier in days that are passed. 
Belongs to the Methodist church. Been surveyor of his county 
for eight years. Was nominated without his solicitation and 
elected by 500 majority oA'er a Republican and an Independent. 
A good member. Committees : Internal Improvements and 
Finance. — Democrat. 




Born in Habbersham county, Ga., September ISth, 1826, 
Educational advantages limited to the common schools. Mar- 


ried Miss Catharine Cearley, of Wilkes county, X. C, by whom 
he has had nine children — five girls and four boys. Occupation 
a farmer. Moved to North Carolina in 1872. Was elected to 
his present seat in the House of Eepresentatives b_y 40 majority. 
Serves on Committees of Propositions and Grievances. — Eepub- 




Born in Gates county in May 1822. Left Gates when about 
16 years old and moved to Chowan, Attended common schools. 
Farmer. Married Miss Elizabeth Griffin first time — his second 
wife was Miss Elizabeth Smith, of Chowan. Both are now 
dead. Six children. Been county commissioner six years. AVas 
elected by 45 majority over three opponents. Serves on Com- 
tee of Penal Institutions. — Reimblicau. 




Was born in Haywood county (now Jackson) N. C, January 
(Jth, 1835. He attended a few short sessions of schools at vari- 
ous times and places, but whatever education he may be in 
possession of is the result of casual hours of self study during 
the vicisitudcs of a rather border or frontier life. June 14th, 
18G1, he entered as volunteer in the Confederate army. Was 
elected Captain of Company A, 29th Regiment, N. C. troops. 


Was iu several hot contested fields, among them the battle of 
Stoues Eiver (]\Iu)freeshoro) Tennessee, on 31st December, 
18G2, which i:)erhaps was a day of as great mortality as any day 

■ of the war between the States. He w^as deputy slieriff before the 
■war for two short periods. Eepretented Clay county in the 
General Assembly in the following years 18T0-'71-'72-'T3 and 
'74. He was delegate to the State Convention of 1875 and elect- 

• ed to the Legislature again in 1878. He w^as married to Jose- 
phine S. Ketron June Gth, 1866, and resides at Ilayesville, near 
where he was married, in Clav county. Committees: Chairman. 
Committee on Immigiation, on Counties, Towns and Townships, 
Insane Asylum. He is a very diligent member, and represents 
his constituency well. By occupation he is a farmer, merchant 

.and stocK rainier. — Democrat. 



SHELr.Y, N. C, 

Born near Norfolk, Va., March 24th, 1841. He moved with 
'his fat,her, L. A. Powers, Esq., to Camden county, N. C, in 
:1855. He enterid Yadkin College, Davidson connty, in 1861, 
-'but during the snrao \car he Yoluntporod and entered the Con- 
federate army. He was a member of General Leach's Company, 
;and served through the war. Was in twenty-seven engagements,^ 
:aiid wounded severely two times, and slightly seven times. Mar- 
ried October 23rd, 1762, to Miss S. M. Elliott, of Cleaveland 
(County. Has four children. After the war located in Cleve- 
dand and has been engaged in mechanical pursuits ever since. 
Was opposed in the late campaign by Eeuben McBrajer, Esq., 
:iiud W. C. Durham. Was elected by 370 majority. Coramit- 
-tees : Propositions and Grievances, Enrolled Bills, Immigration 
^ountv Cove'-nmcnt. — Democrat. 






Born November ntli, 1839. He attended the oi'dinary coun- 
try schools and the Academy at Whiteville. The ^va^ piwcnted 
him from completing his court^e of education. lie entered the 
Confederate service as Lieutenant of Company H, 18th Kegi- 
ment, X. C. troops, but was soon made Captain of Company C 
of the same regiment. He served in the army of Xorthern V"ir- 
ginia until May, 1864, during which month he was badly 
wounded at the battle of the Wilderness, while commanding- 
the sharp shooters of Lane's Brigade. In the month of August^ 
18(54. he was elected Sheriff of Columbus county and re elected 
continuously until IBT'^ — he declining to serve in that capacity 
any longer. The same ye-r he was elected to the House of Kep- 
resentatives and has served as a member of the General Assem- 
hly ever since. During the wlioh- time he has been a very val- 
uable member — occii])ying a prominent place on the most re- 
vSponsiblo committees. He has been CliHirman of Committees : 
Finance, Internal Improvements and (jorporatious, and render- 
ed valuable fervice as a member of Aaiiotis other committees. 
It is very complimentai-y indeed that lie sliouM be ctiiosi'u to 
serve his county so long without intermission — eiuht years as 
sherift'and seven years as member to the General Assembly, and 
it. shows conchi-ivi^ly that he is a man of rpal worth and that the 
good people of hi < county properly appreciate his ability, lie 
was elected in 1878 almost without opposition.' He is a close 
thinker, a good worker and well merits the confidence of iii^ 
constitueu'V. — Democrat. 





Was born in Raleigh, March ?t]), 1850. He is a sou of Judge 
"W. J. and Mrs. Mary Bayard Clarke. His mother is one of 
North Carolina's best female writers. He was educated at Da- 
vidson College. Was not old enough to enter service during 
the war, but near the close he was connected with the Quarter- 
master's Department. In the year 186(3 he, with his father's 
family, left lialeigh and moved to Johnston county, and after 
residing there two years took up his abode in Newberne. For 
three years he was a teacher in the New York Institute for the 
Deaf and Dumb. This was very complimentary for a gentle- 
man of his age to receive a j^osition as teacher in such an insti- 
tution. AVhile connected with this institution he was also en- 
gaged in reading law. In 1873 he graduated at Columbia Col- 
lege, a noted and very high grade hiAv school, after which he re- 
turned to Newberne, and has been practicing at that place and 
Goldsboro ever since. His party recognizing his ability elected 
him to represent Craven county in the House of Representatives 
of the General Assembly for the session of 1876-'77, and feeling 
that the honor was worthily bestowed re-elected him to the 
same position for the present session. He was elected by 1,700 
majority. He serves on the following Committees : Internal 
Improvements, Judiciary, State Debt, Enrolled Bills, Ridings 
of Judges and Military Affairs. — Republican. 



Was born in Craven county, five miles from the city of New- 
berne, on the 17th May, 1844, Educated in Newberne. Was 
married March 28th, 1878, and has two children (twins), and 
^t this writing only eight days old. Been Justice of the Peace 


•eight years, county commissioner two years, school committee- 
man two years, and deputy slierilT seven years. This is his tirst 
term in the Legishiture. He was born of free parents and has 
been right successful in his financial managements, for to-day 
he pays tax on about I3,C0U worth of property. — Kepublican,. 




Is a UMtive of Sampson c-ounty. Was born October 2(Stii, 181 L 
Moved to (himberland ccnuity in the year 1831, but soon after- 
wards moved to Georgia and remained there for two years. 
Then returned and settled in Cumberland county. Was raised 
.an or})han boy and, like a hwdv pr()[it)rtion of tliat class of un- 
fortuiiate young men, had almost no advantages to obtain an 
education. He, however, attended the old held schools and 
i^tudied by himself whenever he could get an o[)i)ortnnity from 
his daily labors. For about thirty years previous to and during- 
the war he \vns engfiged in carrying mails and contractor for 
various mail lines ciuough tiie State. Tniswas in the times of 
-slow transportation, when there were very few liiu^s of railroad 
in the State, the mail being carried by stage. Since the war he 
has l)een engaged merchandising, distilling tui-pentine. and 
farming in the Capei^eai Disirict. He has been a man of great 
energy, and even now in liis old age is more vigorous and active 
in any of his underDakmgs tli;ui many men who Inive not seen half 
the number ot winters tiiat he luis. He married Miss Julia Ann 
Braddy, of Turbo, o, on the olst of December, 1831), by whom 
he has three childriu. He is a member of tbe masonic fratejii- 
ity ami is a class-leader and txhorter in the Methodist church. 
In times that are past he was a Henry Clay Wiiig bat now affil- 
iates with the liej)ublieau party. He first appeared in pul)lic. 


life as i\ member of the Convention in 1875. Was elected to the 
House of Re2)resentatives for the present session by 123 majori- 
ty. Committees : Agriculture, Railroads and Postroads, Re- 
trouehment and Reform, and Public Buildings. — Republican. 



Born in Chatham county July, IGth, 1816, Moved to Fay- 
etteville in 1831. Married Miss Mary Francis, daughter of 
Rev. Jarvis Buxton. Had ten children but six are now dead. 
Was educated at the common schools. In additiou to carrying 
on an extensive mercantile business, he owns and runs a line of 
steamboats on the Cape Fear river from Fayetteville to Wil- 
mington. Has been running the-e boats for twenty years. Been 
magistrate twenty-five years, mayor of Fayetteville two years. 
Was elected to the House of Representatives in l&G6-'67-'71-'72, 
1873-"74 and to the i)resent House by 250 majority. Commit- 
tees : Internal Improvements and Insane Asylum. He has had 
much experience in legislative proceedings and business life 
generally, and is a very intelligent and well posted gentleman. — 



POPI,AU 1515AXCII, y. ('. 

Was born in Currituck county on the Jlth day of Dcceml)er. 
1835, and is -ll years old. He received a common school edu- 
cation, studied no profession, and is a *armer by occupation. In 
1867 he was api)ointed a Jtistice of the Peac^ for his county, 
and has held that position ever since. In ISGl he was commis- 
sioned Colonel of the militia of Currituck countv. and after the 


fall of Roanoke Island in 18(i2 was for some tini"^ in active ser-- 
vice with his command. After the war returned to his duties- 
on the farm and was snccessful. In 1868 was elected county 
commissioner. Was elected by the Democratic party as a mem- 
ber of the House of Eepresentatives in the years of 1870-72,. 
1874 and again in 1878. Was never beaten, and having a deep 
seat in the affections of his people he can't be. In 1859 the- 
Colonel was united in matrimony with Miss Sarah M. Gallop,, 
of his own county, and has six children living. He is one of 
the most popular men in his county, and the man has yet tO' 
come who can carry a larger vote than he can. As a represen- 
tative of his people, he is ever watchful of their interests. 
Courteous, manly, dignified in his manners, and to his friends 
true, tried and confiding — to every one liberal to a fault — he is 
one of the best known, best liked, and among the most influen- 
tial members of the present House. In politics he is Demo- 
cratic to the backbone . Committees: Chairman of Committee 
on Engrossed Bills, on Agriculture, Statistics and Mining. — 




Boi-n in Hyde county, March 14th, 1838. Educated at Trin- 
ity College. Married Miss Cinthia Stowe, by whom he lias five 
children living. Was elected County Commissioner in Hyde in 
1868. Elected to the House from Dare county in 1876. Re- 
elected to the present term by 12 majority. Comniitteees: En-- 
rolled Bills and Fish Interest. By profession he is a school 
teacher. He is a very Avatchful l:)ut unolitrnsive member. — 




LINWOOD, ]sr. c. 

Born Sei)t. 27th, 1835. Common country education. Mar- 
ried Dec. 1847, to Miss Nancy J. Miller, daughter of Capt. Geo. 
Miller, of that county. For several years was Captain of the 
Lexington Artillery, a uniform company that existed for several 
years before the war. Volunteered in May, 'G2, as 1st Lieut, of 
Co. A., 54:th N. C. Reg't. Was promoted to Captain in '63. 
Captured at the battle of Rapahanock Station, Nov. 7th, '63. 
Taken to Washington City, then to Johnson's Island on Lake 
Erie, Ohio, Avhere he remained until the surrender. Since the 
war he has been farming and merchandising. Been magistrate 
for several years. Was elected by a majority of 177. He is a 
very intelligent gentleman and makes a good member. — Demo- 


. nHXINGTOX, X. c. 

Burn ill Juindolpli eouiiiy, Aug. 17th, 1837. Educated at the 
free schools o\ tlic neighborhood. Married Miss Sarah J. Capi- 
ter, daugliter of Micojah Capiter, Es(j., of Raudol})!! county, 
Jan. 3rd, USfil. During tlie early })art of the war lie was 1st 
Lieutenant in Scieuee Ilill Company of Militia, and later Avas 
elected Cafitaiu of the detailed men of the G3rd Regiment. 
Moved to l)uvi(l.-ii)ii county iu the year l8tJ9, where he has re- 
sided ever since. His occupation is that of farming, tanning 
uud trading. Deals largely in real estate and leather. Was a 
candidate for a seat in the liCgislature in 1876 on the Republi- 
can ticket, and was def^^atedby olvote.s — he receiving, however, 
the lar2-est vote ever cjst in the county for one not elected. He 
was elected to his present .-eat in ihe House of Rei)resentativcs 
by alarge luiijori' V. He claims to l»e only a moderate unm so 

( ' •■? ) 

far- as j^olitical lines are concerned, ever looking to the interest 
of his constituents. Always casts his vote according to his con- 
victions of right, regardless of party affiliations. He is a mem- 
ber of the Committee on Privilege;-^ and elections. — Re}nil)lican. 




Born Oct. 4th, 1837. Graduated at Chapel Hill with th& 
class of 1858. Married Miss A. L. Douthit, danghter of Steph- 
en Douthit, Esq., July 16th, 18G1. By profession he isaMeth- 
dist, and is a Steward in that church. In his community he is 
a man of considerable influence aud of great value to those 
around him. He is Master of the Mvsouic Lodge at his place, 
also H'gh Priest of the Chapter of Royal Arch Masons. By oc- 
cupatioij he is a merchant and farmer; he also does a consider- 
able business in the way of manufacturing flour and lumber at 
his grist and saw mills. He never soug^ht political preferment, 
but when the party placed the nominntion on him he felt that it 
was his duty to serve, and whs elected over an Independent by 
iibout 200 votes majority. Committees: Insane Asylum, Post 
lioads and Railroads. During the session he received the high 
honor oi being elected a Trustee of the State University. He 
intelligently and faithfully represents the good people of Davie, 
and never Avastes the time of the House with unmeaning talk, 
hut easts bis vote and influence with discrimination. — Demo- 





Born in Sampson county October 5th, 1839. Occupation, a 
farmer and merchant. His educational advantages were limited 
to the common schools of the community — worked in the sum- 
mer and went to school in the winter. At the age of 21 years 
he entered the Confederate service. He was in Col. W. S. T)e- 
vanes' company, 61st Regiment, N. C. S. T. After serving for 
9 months he became physically disabled and was discharged from 
further army service. After remaining at home for sometime his 
health became better and he again entered service as a volunteer 
in Capt . Taylor's company of heavy artillery. This was in 1863, 
and the command with which he served was stationed below 
Wilmington. Again he was compelled to leave the camp life on 
account of rheumatism. He then secured a situation on the 
"Wilmington & Weldou Railroad, where he remained until hos- 
tilities ceased. In Mr. Colwell is one of hnt few cases where 
the rheumatism did not got well soon after \ho war. He suffers 
much yet from this drea'le 1 dise ise. He has had but little to 
do with politics, but has always be?n a -'true blue" and uncom- 
promising Democrat, opposed to indepen'"lcnts and bolters in 
every form. In the nominating convention of 1878 he received 
1896 out of 2100 votes, on tlie first ballot. This is his first term 
in the General Assembly, lut he shows wisdom and ability in 
his acts that far surpasses sj me me n hers of many years expe- 
rience in Legislative bodies. Committees: Public Roads, Fi- 
nance, Retrenchment and Reform. Is chairman of the first 
mentioned. He was married Julv f)*-h, ISO"?, to Miss M. C. 
AVells. of Duplin county, by whom he has seven children. — 



Born m Sampson county, Marcli 8th, 1827. Farmer. Mar- 
ried June 12tli, 1845, to Miss Ann Mathis, of Sampson. Moved 
to Du2)lin county in 1858. Been magistrate IG years. County 
Commissioner nearly 5 years. Member of County Court 2 years. 
Had eight children, 2 dead. Elected to his present seat in the 
House by 150 majority. Serves on Committees: Corporations, 
Library, Private Bills, Salaries and Fees. A gentleman of mucb 
integrity and a sturdy member. — Democrat. 




Born March 15th, 1849. Attended the schools of Tarboro. 
Married Miss Kisiah Wimberly October Tth, 1869— four chil- 
dren living, one dead. He was a member of the School Com- 
mittee, but resigned to come to the Legislature. Was elected 
to his present seat by near 2,000 majority. Committees: Immi- 
gration, Salaries and Fees. — Eejoublican, (col). 



Was born in Edgecombe county September 27th, 1849. Was 
educated at the Shaw University in Raleigh. Was married 
April 6th, 187G, to Siddie Ann Bryant, of Edgecombe county, 
by whom he has one child. In. public life he has served two 
years as Trustee of Swift Creek Township, at the expiration of 
which term he was elected, in 1876, as Ccr.nty Commissioner. 


In which capacity he served two years. Was elected to his pres- 
ent seat in the House of Representatives by about 3300 votes 
majority. lie is on committees: Propositions and Grievances, 
and Counties, Towns and Townships. — Republican. 




Mr. Cooke is one of the most accomplished, useful and popu- 
la,r members of the House of Representatives. He is regarded, 
indeed, as one of the leaders of the Democratic party in that 
branch of the General Assembly, and it is but just to say that 
his qualities of head and heart admirably qualify him for that 
honorable position. Mr. Cooke was born in Franklin county 
in 1844, and is, therefore, near thirty-five years old. His fath- 
er, Capt. Jones Cooke, was a gentleman of worth, and generally 
respected by all who knew him. The maiden name of his 
mother, who was of Northern birth, was Jane A. Kinsbury. 
3Ir. Cooke was fitted for college at the Louisburg Academy by 
M. S. Davis, and entered- Wake Forest College in 1860. He 
was not permitted to graduate, for the war having begun, he 
Tolunteered at the end of the Sophomore year. For a time he 
served as Lieutenant of infantry, but at the close of the war 
was acting as Adjutant of the ooth N. C. Regiment, Cooke's 
Brigade. He was severely wounded in tlie last battles around 
Richmond and Petersburg, and was captured by the Federal 
troops when Richmond fell into their hands. At the close of 
the war he labored on his father's farm and read laAV with Col. 
W. F. Green. Obtaining license to practice in the County and 
Superior Courts in January 1807-'08, he settled at Louisburg, 
the capitol of his county, and lias since devoted himself Avith 
great earnestness and success to the practice of his profession. 
He is at present the law-partner of the Hon. Joseph Davis, 

member of Congress from tlio Metropolitan District. He was* 
chosen to represent his Senatorial District in 1874 in the Gene- 
ral Assembly, and in February, 1877, he was appointed by Gov.. 
Vance, Solicitor pt the Gth Judicial District. In 18G8, Mr.. 
Cooke married Miss Bettie Person, and thns streiigthened his 
influence by alliance with an old and honorable family. Mr. 
Cooke is a good lawyer, an able, effective and popular si^eaker; 
his personal appearance is commanding ; his manners are bland., 
genial, and cordial in a high degree; his temper is amiable, his 
disposition generous, and his character of spotless inirity. 
When to these good qualities we add his resemblage of human 
nature, and his skill in managing men, we are not surprised at 
his extraordinary personal popularity, and may well regard him; 
with pride and hope as one of the coming men of the State. 
He is already, next to his jiartner, the amiable and excellent 
''Jos, Davis," the most popular man in all his section of the 
State. Mr. Cooke is a profes.sing christian, having been for a 
number of years a consistent member of the Baptist churcli. 
He is the Suj^erintendent of the Sunday- School of his church, 
and a hearty and liberal supporter of all benevolent enterprises. 
He is a man in moderate circumstances, and yet he gave, t\Yo 
years ago, one thousand dollars towards the erection of a Bap- 
tist Church in the village where he lives. He is a Trustee of 
Wake Forest College, and the esteem in which he is held as a 
christian gentleman by the people of his own communion wa& 
shown by the fact, that he was called to preside over the Baptist 
State Convention at its session held in Raleigh three years ago>, 
— Democrat. 



WINSTOX, X. (■. 

Born in the town of Kenansville, Forsyth county, Jan. 20th ^. 
1812. His father w^as then a merchant, the junior partner of 


the firm of Hunt & Lowrey, the first firm that ever done husi- 
ness of the kind in the place. When less than two years old 
he moved with his father's family to a farm three miles from 
town, where he was brought up a farmer's boy. He attended 
the common schools of the community, and also Kenansville 
High School. Was in the service of tlie Confederate States for 
three years. In the fall of 1865 he married Miss Laura F. 
Flint, of Forsyth county, by whom he has five children. In 
the fall of 187C he moved to a farm six miles from the flourish- 
ing town of Winston, where he has been engaged ever since in 
milling and agricultural pursuits. In public life he has served 
eight years as a m>igistra*'e ; was elected to his present seat in 
the House by 203 majority. Committees : Finance, Military 
Affairs, and County G(jvernment. — Republican. 




Born in Lincoln county (now Gaston) Nov. 1st, 1823. His 
father died when he was only lOgand left him. the eldest of seven 
children, upon whom all responsibilities of the managemenl for the 
family fell. Married Miss E. A. Arrowood, February 1st, 1848. 
Hecond wife, was Miss Eliza E. Fioneberger, to whom he was 
married November 13th, 1877. Been magistrate seven years. 
Was member board of county court one term. Was Demociatic 
nominee in 1868, but defeated. August 3rd, 1868, he was 
burned out of home by the Union League. He was elected to 
his present seat by 17-4 majority over very formadible o])posi- 
tion. He is member Committees : Agriculture and Piivate 
Bills. He is a very attentive member, and has uncompromising 
faith in the Democratic party,[]which, we think, will grow no 
less even though he live to the age of Mathuslah. — Democrat. 




CtATLINGTON^, n. c. 

Was born near Reynoldson, Gates county, N. C, January 
18tli, 1843, and is 3G years of age. He was educated at tlie 
Reynoldson Academy, then known as Chowan College, studied 
no profession. Is a farmer by occupation. Left school at the 
age of eighteen years, and enlisted in the " State Guards," 
the first military company raised in the county, and anioug the 
first raised in the State. This company was assigned as com- 
pany "B,'' to the otli Regiment of N. C. State troops, which 
enlisted, from the outset, for the war, and was at first com- 
manded by Col. D. K. McRae. On the l;3tli of May, 186;:^, he 
was promoted to the ]'>n8itinn of Regimental Sergeant M;ijor, by 
order of Col. McRae, and umaiuod at the Colonel's Headquar- 
ters acting as seci' tary for him. In the early ])art of 1863 was 
promoted to be Second Lieutenant of Company G, of the 5th 
Regiment, and as such commanded his company through some 
of the hottest battles of the war — the Captain, J. M. Taylor, be- 
ing absent, wounded, and the First Lieutenant a prisoner of 
war. In 1864 was made Acting Adjutant of the regiment and 
in this capacity served until the I'Jth day of September, 18G4, 
when in. the desperate and disastrous battle fought between Gen. 
Jubal Early's army and that of Gen. Phil, Sheridan, upon the 
bloody heights of Winchester, Va., he was taken prisoner of 
war in company with some six hundred others. After his cap- 
ture was taken to the Fort Delaware Military Prison, and there 
kept nine months and until after the war. He was engaged in 
all the great battles of the late war, in which his regiment took 
part, up to the date of his capture, except those of Cold Harbor 
and Mechanicsville. Since the war he has held a good many 
important }>ublic positions. Was townshijJ clerk unti^ 1875, 
when he resigned to accept the nomination to the House of Rep- 
resentatives made vacant by the death of the Hon. R. H. Bal- 
lard, to which position he was elected wiUiout opposition. Ho 


was for some time one of the county examiners for teachers, has 
been public administrator for Gates county ever since that has 
been an office, and is now a Justice of the Peace. In 1876 he 
was nominated by the Democratic Convention for House of Rep- 
resentatives but declined. In 1878 was again nominated for 
same position, accepted, and was elected over his Republican 
opponent by about 282 majority. Mr. Gatling was married to 
Miss Emily G. Whitley, daughter of John Willey, Esq., de- 
ceased, on the 20th of November, 1870, and has now living four 
children, three boys and onegii'i. Coniuiitices: Finance, Sala- 
ries and Fees. — Democrat. 




Born in Granville county, January 24th, 1835. Was educa- 
ted at Caldwell Institute, of Hillsboro, State University, and 
JefEerson College, of Pennsylvania. His frequent change of 
schools was caused by bad health, and finally he bad to abandon 
his studies. He was engaged in farming up to the war. During 
the early part of the war he entered service as Captain of Com- 
j)any I, 23d Regiment of N. C. State troops. Failing health 
caused him to resign. Afterwards he entered service again and 
was assigned duty in the 1st N. C. Cavalry, Col. Cheek in com- 
mand, and remained with this regiment until the close. Since 
1865 he has been engaged in milling and farming. He was al- 
ways a Jacksonian Democrat but never entered into active polit- 
ical life until 1876, he then being a candidate for the Legisla- 
ture. He was opposed by the negro, Huglies, who was elected 
by 140 majority. Mr. A. had no idea of being elected but made 
the canvass of the county to expose a great deal of rascality that 
was then being carried on in the county and to show the cor- 
ruptness that existed throughout the State under Republican 


rule. He was again nominated for the House of Eepresentatives 
for the present term and after a laborious canvass against heavy 
odds, was elected with the rest of the ticket by about 200 ma- 
jority. The colored people of the county have had a voting 
majority of about 200 ever since the war, but they, like other 
Republicans of the county, saw that a change in the politics of 
the county was badly needed, so they voted for Mr. Amis, and 
he is making them an excellent representative. He is Chair- 
man of Oomniittf;e on Salaries and Fees, and serves on Com- 
mittee of Finance. Has married Xovember l-lth, 1855, to Miss 
E. A. Ragland, of Halifax county, Ya., sister of the famous to- 
bacco raiser, Maj. U. L. Eagland. Mr. Amis is a very active 
and working n:ember. Only a few week ago he formed a part- 
nership with Mr. Hr.rper and is now publishing a newspaper, 
T/ie Border Review, at Henderson, N. C, Mr. A. as editor. 
After the close of the session he will devote his attention more 
fully to the editorial columns of the paper. Success. — Demo- 


HEIiDERSOX, if . C. 

Born March 17th, 1844, in Granville county. Educated in 
Granville. Married eldest daughter of Major D. K. Glover, of 
same county, July 6th, 1864. Volunteered :at 17 in Southern 
army, and after some service in camp was assigned to duty in- 
the express office at Raleigh and on account of physical disabil- 
ity remained there during the war. Returning to his native 
county engaged in the culture of yellow tobacco and is now one 
of the most successful growers of the weed. Called on by the 
Granville Democracy Mr. Burrougli did his part in an active- 
canvass to secure the first Democratic triumph in his county 
since the war. Appointed a justice by the present Legislature 
of 1879. Committees : Banks and Currency, Propositions and. 
Grievances, and Agriculture. A good member. — D*^mocrat. 





Born October 10th, 1827. Went to school only ten months. 
Married May 4th, 1854, Susan J. Harper. Was appointed 
magistrate in 1854 and been one ever since. Superior Court 
Clerk of Greene county for four years. County Commissioner 
live years. Elected to House by 209 majority. — Ecpublican. 



m'leansville, n. c. 

Born in Guilford county, January 9th, 1819. Educated at 
the Caldwell Institute of Greensboro. Taught school for num- 
ber of years. Graduated in medicine at Charleston, S. C, in 
1848. Has practiced medicine in Guilford county ever since he 
graduai"ed. Married Miss Elizabeth F. Whorton, in 1850, has 
eight children living, one dead. This is the first time he has 
ever been to the General A?semb]y. He is Chairman of Com- 
mittoeon Education, and serves on Ectrenchment and Reform, 
Eiiilroads and Insane Asylum. Democrat. 



Burn Sept. 23rd, 181G. Educated at common schools. Farmer. 
Married Miss Maiy Ann Mullen, of Randolph county, by whom 
he/has six children — four sons and two daughters. Been post- 
master twelve years, and magistrate since the last Legislature. 
Committees: Penal^ Institutions; Private Bills, Agriculture, — ■ 





BoTn at Murfreesboro, N. C, Mnrch 28tb, 1848. Was c<lu- 
•eated at the Shaw University in Kaleigh. He also as.-^isted some 
in teaching at this Institution. In October, 1875, he married 
the daughter of Kov. William Warrick, late of Philadelphia. In 
public life he has had a very fair amount of eAperience. His 
first term in the State Legislature was in 18G8, he then being 
the Representative from Northampton County. In 1870 he was 
elected a Commissioner for the county. In the year 1873 he 
moved from that county to Halifax. Was elected to represent 
that county in the House of Representatives for the term of 
1876-'77, at which session he wtts appointed magistrate. Was 
'elected to the present House without opposition. Committees: 
Finance and Education. He seems to have taken much inteifst 
in the educational matters that have been before the Assembly. 
By occupation he is a mechanic. — Republican. 



WIN.SLOW, N. 0. 

Was born in Cumberland county Oct. Dth, Is-^O. In 18" t 
was elected t>; the General Assembly, Commons, from l-ie 00071- 
ty of Cumberland, at which session lie introduced a bill to make 
Harnett connty, which boars the name of the father of tlie 
county. In 1856 was elected Clerk and Master in Equity of said 
30unty, which position he held for many years. In 1870 lie was 
elected Chairman of the Board of County Commiss'oners. In- 
1874 was elected County Treasurer of Harnett, and was elected. 


one of the Board of Directors of the State Penitentiary. In 
1878 was elected a memljer of the House of Eepresentatives. 
Married Henrietta R. Shepherd, of New Hanover, Dec. 17th^ 
1844; has five children. Committees: Internal Improvements, 
Penal Institutions and Military Affairs. He is a lively and so- 
cial gentleman and a good member. — Democrat. 




Born in Haywood county, August 15th, 1825. Married Miss 
Angeline Furguson on the 21st Oct., 1847, by whom he has 12 
children — nine sons and three daughters. He has been Justice 
of the Peace twelve years, and has served his county as Coroner 
and Sheriff, and been to the State Legislature three times. Was 
elected to the Hout,e of Representatives for the term 1874-'75, 
re-elected for 1876-'77, and to his present seat by 159 majority. 
He is on the Committes, Banks and Currency, Internal Im- 
provements, and Towns, Cities and Counties. By occupation 
he is a farmer, and comes from a county where the principal 
farming interest is that of growing fruit and grasses and rais- 
ing horses and cattle. Haywood is one of the best mountain 
counties, and in Mr. Davis it has a faithful and worthy repre- 
sentative. He is an " old school " Democrat of the Calhoun 
type. — Democrat. 





Born in Haywood county, Jan. 30tli, 1824. His educational 
facilities were limited to the old-field schools and a short course 
in Waynesville Academy. With these advantages and a strong 
exertion on his part, he prepared himself to teach school. The 
greater part of his time was engaged in teaching until since the 
war. He married Miss Mary Ann Carlan, of Henderson county, 
on the 5th day of November, 1848, and then moved to Hender- 
son county in 1849. His wife died in 1863, and he married for 
his second wife Mrs. M. J. Woodfin, daughter of Turner Wil- 
liams, Esq. He has 12 children — 7 girls and 5 boys. In 1853 
he moved to Spartanburg, S. C, and took charge of a contract 
in building the Piedmont Air Line Eailway. After working 
ing out his contract, at the expiration of four years he moved 
back to his old home in Henderson county, where he has been 
engaged ever since in the manufacture of lime, farming, raising 
stock, &c. In 1SG5 he was appointed by the U. S. Government 
to assist in the reconstruction of Henderson county. He has 
served 7 years as county commissioner. This is his first term to 
the State Legislature. Was elected by 165 majority. He is a 
member of the Committee on Corporations, also Insurance. 
Theologically he is a Methodist, having had a large family ex- 
ample iu that respect. His father and one uncle, his grand- 
father and four grand-uncles, were all Methodist ministers.— 




ST. JOHN, N. C. 

Born near Winton, Hertford county, April 21st, 1815. Botle 
liis parents were natives of the same county. Was first marriect 
Nov. 19tli, 1840, to Miss Anna Harrell, daughter of Powell Har- 
rell, Esq. married second time Sejjt. 20th, 1842, to Miss Jane Wil- 
lerford, daughter of Richard Willerf ord, Esq. By his first wife he* 
had one child and by the second fourteen children — all dead but 
two, one son and one daughter. He was married the third time, 
March 27th, 1867, to Mrs. Permelia Bishop, daughter of George- 
Cox, Esq. .*^11 his wives were natives of Bertie county. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace for five years, and that 
of School Committee for twenty years. Served as Treasurer for 
Hertford county for four years. Was elected to the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1875, and in 1876 was elected to the House 
of Representatives, but on account of the informality of the vote 
at Winton he was unseated by his contestant, C. H. Madrey^ 
Was elected to his present seat in the House of Representatives; 
by upwards of 300 majority. He serves on Committees, Private- 
Bills and Claims. Has been a member of the Baptist Churcb 
for 37 years. Has never sued or warranted any one and has 
never been sued but once, and that time it was for a Confeder- 
ate debt. He is far the largest man m the General Assembly — 
his weight is 360 pounds. — Republican. 





Born Marcli 19tli, 1849. Was at Trinity 'College three years. 
Read law nncler Col. David M. Carter and Judge Warren. Re- 
ceived license to practice in Jan. 1873. Been teaching school 
for some time. Both of his grand-fathers once were^ members 
of the State Legislature. His grand-father, John Bonner, died 
in Raleigh while a memljer of the G-eneral^ Assembly. \ He is 
among the young members of the present session, butjs a very 
attentive member. He serves on a number of Committees. — 




Was born near "The Point," between the tAvo Yadkin rivers, 
in Davie county, December 10th, 1825. His early life was 
spent on his father's farm . He received an academical educa- 
tion at Mocksville, the capital of Davie county, ^Mider the tu- 
torage of Prof. Baxter Clegg, one of the best academic teachers 
of his day. After leaving the Academy he took a course of 
study in Emory and Henry College, Va. After receiving his 
collegiate course he taught school for some time at Mocksville, 
Fulton, and other places, but his health failing he was obliged 
to abandon teaching. Subsequent to this he was engaged for 
a number of years in the mercantile business at Mocksville. 
Married Miss Crump, of Davie county, daugliter of the late 
Rowland Crump, Esq. His wife only lived a short while over 
one year after the marriage. At her death he was left with an 


infant son. In 1858 he was married the second time to Miss 
Waddell, daughter of the late Greenburj Waddell, of Iredell 
fcounty. In 1856 he engaged in the manufacture of leather in 
the town of Mocksville, which business he kejat up until 1863. 
He then moved to the south-eastern part of Iredell county,, 
where he still resides. Here he "returned to his first love" — 
the occupation of farming — and has given an almost undivided 
attention in that direction ever since. "Was elected Clerk of 
the Board of Trustees for Chambersburg Township, and in 
1872 was elected county commissioner, which oflBce he held for 
four years. Was elected in 1878 to his present seat by a large 
majority, this being his first term in the General Assembly. A 
very careful and worthy member. — Democrat. 



Born in Anson county April 20th, 1828. Educated atWades- 
boro. Eead medicine under Dr. Days, of Camden, S. C, and 
graduated at Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia; moved 
to Iredell county in 1854, and located near the present town of 
Mooresville, and has been practicing his profession and farming 
ever since. Married in 1856 Miss Euphoenia Leazar, of Eowan 
county, by Avhom he has 9 children. He was the Democratic 
nominee in the last campaign, and elected with but little oppo- 
sition. He was one of the first citizens to locate at Mooresville, 
and it is greatly due to his energy and wise management that 
there IS now a flourishing town at that place. He is a very 
worthy and solid member, always voting according to convic- 
.tions of right, regardless of public opinion. — Democrat. 





Born in Haywood county September 25th, 1841. He was 
raised on the farm until he was 20 years old, at which age he 
entered the Confederate service as a private in Company G, 9tli 
Eegiment N. C. State troops. Afterwards he was promoted 
Orderly Sergeant, and then to 2d Lieutenant. He was in the 
western army all the time under Col. David Coleman. At the 
battle of Chicamauga, September 19th, 1863, he received a 
slight wound by a spent ball. On the 16th of February, 1864, 
he was captured and taken to Camp Chase and thence to Fort 
Delaware. Was released in June, 18G5. After the war he went 
to and taught school in Cherokee county. In 1868 he engaged 
in the mercantile business, and continues the same yet. Moved 
to Jackson county March 1st, 1871. Married May 4th, 1871, 
to Miss Annie Carter, of Cleveland, Tennessee, — a great-grand- 
daughter of Bishop Soule. He was elected to the House by 24 
majority. During the campaion he had four independents to 
oppose him, but before election day two of them withdrew from 
the canvass. An observant member. — Democrat. 




Is a native of .Tohrston county, where he now resides. Is 39 
years of age. His education, wbich is limited, was obtained 
principally in old Held schi.ols ad reading newspapers. His 
father died wbfii be was only 4 3:\irs old, leaving h'ni and six 
other children under the mctjier's care. They were all brought 


up on a farm. He enlisted in an independent cavalry company 
early in the late war. In 1863 this company was connected 
with the 8th Georgia Eegiment. In 1864 it was assigned to the 
16th N. C. Battallion. He was in every battle in which his 
company was called to participate except two. Was slightly 
wounded twice, and had a horse killed under him on the morn- 
ing of General Lee's surrender. He entered the service as a 
Private but w^as promoted to Corporal, Sergeant, Lieutenant, 
Adjutant and Captain, ;tnd then had the pain as well as tlie 
honor of surreudenng the remnant of the Brigade (General W. 
P. Koberts') to the Federal forces at Appomattox on that mem- 
orable day, April 9th, ISGo. After the war he resided for three 
years in Catawba county, since which time he has been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in Johnston county ; has been married 
twice, and always votes the Democratic ticket without scratch- 
ing. Served his county one term as sheriff, one term as county 
commissioner, and twice as a representative in the State Legis- 
lature. Was elected to the present: H-mse of Representatives 
without opposition. He serves on committees: Corporations, 
Public Buildings and Engrossed Bills. — Democrdt. 



Born in Sampson county, and is no v ; bout 47 years old. 
Educated by John Ghost Elliott. Far m^)-. Married a Miss 
Barnes of Johnston county, and has one child. Was Captain 
of a militia company during tlie war. Was in the Legislature 
in 1874-'?5, and re-elected to House for term 1879. A sensible 
voter. — Democrat. 





Born in Onslow county January 30th, 1824. He is a son of 
Frederick Foy, who represented Onslow county for a number of 
years in the Legislature. His mother was Christian Dixon, a 
native of Greene county. He held a commission during a por- 
tion of the war from President Davis and part of the time from 
Governor Vance. He was captain of a company during the 
war, which acted in an independent capacity, and was known 
as the Tecumseh Scouts. To this day Mr. Foy is often called 
Capt. Tecumseh. This company operated mostly in the eastern 
part of this State in the vicinity of Kinston. He was of great 
service to the Confederate army after the battle of New Berne„ 
in the way of saving the troops that were cut off in their re- 
treat, and hemmed in the elbow of Brice's Creek, He being 
thoroughly acquainted throughout this section, rendered him 
very efficient as a guide. Mention of his service on this occa- 
sion is made in Col. Vance's report of this battle. During his 
young days he was taught by H. H. Villard, Esq., and after- 
wards attended school in the Masonic Hall at New Berne, which 
was then undercharge of Mr. Eobt. G. Moore. He was married 
in the year 1845 to Miss Francis Foy, of Jones county, by whom 
he has eight children — five sons and three daughters. He has 
been magistrate about ;io years; lepresented Onslow county in 
the House of Eepresentatives in the session of 1848-49 ; elected 
to House for 1879 by 240 majority. He serves on committees : 
Propositions and Grievances, and Banks and Currency. — Ke- 





Born June 15th, 183?. Educated at Lovejoy Academy in 
Haleigh. He lived in Texas from Jan., 1854, to Nov. , 1857, 
While on his way west he was on the Steamer Georgia when a 
fearful accident occurred on account of the steamer catching on 
fire. There were about 300 passengers aboard and about 40 of 
them lost their lives. He was married February 13th, 1860, to 
Miss Susan Rountree, of Pitt county, by whom he has four chil- 
dren. Occupation a lariaor. Magistrate several years prior to 
his election to the House in 18G2 'G3. Re-elected in 18(35-'66. 
Elected to the Senate in l876-'77. Elected to the House again 
ior the present term by 203 majority. Commisttee: Engrossed 
Bills, and Banks and Currency. — Republican. 




Born in Lincoln, Aug. 17th, 1854. Educated at Bingham 
School. Rcud hiw with Chief Justice Pearson. Licensed .June 
term 1870. Judge Pearson pronounced Mr. Cobb one of his 
most promising students. Practices in Lincoln, Gaston, Cleve- 
land and CataAvba. Elected to the House in 1876, without op- 
position: a very unusual circumstance for one so young. Ee- 
cjlected to the House for the present term without opposition. 
He is chairman of the committee on Privileges and Elections 
and County Government; serves on the committee on State 
Debt, is a prominent member of the Judiciary Committee, and 
"was one of the committee of three to Investio^ate the Western 


North Carolina Eailroad and the Western Insane Asylum. He 
is a young ma.n of brilliant intellect. He speaks Avell and has 
made a very valuable member. Few young men of his age have 
acquired the prominence and influence in legislative circles thai 
he has. The Good people of Lincoln should feel proud of his 
course in the General Assembly, for he has been a very efficient 
member. — Democrat, 




AYas born in Burke county, September 11th, 1829. Educated 
at Nantihala, Macon county. Married Miss Salina S. Moore, of 
Macon, February 12th, 1852, by whom he has six children. He 
entpred the Western array in behalf of the Confederacy as first 
Lieutenant of Company I, 89th Regiment. Was in the battle 
of Baptist Gap, Cumberland Mountain, Murfreesboro, Chica- 
mauga, Dalton, Hope Church, Pine Mountain, Muddy Ditches^ 
Atlanta, Lovejoy Station, Franklin, Jackson, Forest Station., 
Spanish Fort, and a number of others in Tennessee, Alabama, 
Kentucky, Mississippi and Georgia. Part of the time during the 
rebellion he Avas in the secret service of the army under direc- 
tions of Gen. Joseph E, Johnson. Occupation, farmer. This 
is the first time he has ever been a member to the General As- 
semby. Committees: Agriculture, Propositions and Grievances^, 
Eoads and Hignways. — Democrat. 





Born in Madison county, June lOtli, 1846, In March, 1864, 
he enlisted in the Federal army, Company C, 2d Reg't, N. C. 
Union Volunteers, and remained in service until the close o^ 
the war. Soon thereafter he accepted a clerkship in the dry 
goods store of Messrs. Barnard, Nichols & Co., of Marshall, and 
remained for some time in their employ. His school advantages 
during his boyhood were somewhat limited, but he was still de- 
termined to avail himself of every opportunity; so, after work- 
ing closely and economizing for some time, he accumulated 
funds enough to enter school. And thus, by his own exertions 
and the work of his own hands, he attended Ream's Creek High 
School and Bascome College. After leaving school he began 
merchandising in Marshall, and has been engaged in tliat line 
of business ever since. In the spring of 1872 he was appointed 
by Judge Henry Superior Court Clerk of his county to fill out 
the unexpired term of J. J. Gudger, Esq., who resigned. After 
serving two years he was then elected by the people for a term 
of four years. He was elected to represent his county in the 
House of Representatives of the present General Assembly by 
262 majority. He is a member of the Committee of Engrossed 
Bills. He married Miss Sallie L.Hawkins, of Henderson coun- 
ty, on the 28tli day of March, 1876, who died about seven 
month's thereafter. — Republican. 




Born October 10th, 1824. Went to school only 60 days. In- 
stead of education his attention was always turned to making 


-money, and he has been very successfuL Married Dec, 7th, 
1843, Miss Martha Page, who died in Feb., 1877. Married the 
second time to Miss Bettie Piver, Jan, 1st, 1878. Has 4 chil- 
dren living. Seeing the great need of education in himself, he 
has taken great pains in that particular with his children. He 
sent his girls to Murfreesboro and his boys to Wake Forest, Been 
magistrate 12 years, and Deputy Sheriff 9 years. His principal oc- 
cupation is that of mercV)andisingand farming. He also has very 
fine flouring, corn and saw mills. In fact, he is a man that car- 
ries on a variety of business, and can do anything himself ont 
of wood or iron, fi'om a barrel or hoe-handle to a cart-wheel. 
Eight years ago ^here was scarcely any of the present lively 
little village at his place, and he has been instrumental in 
bringing about all the energy of the place. Was elected after 
the regular election day to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of N. B, Fagan, thf> member elect, — Democrat, 

Mcdowell county. 

OLD FORT, if, C, 

Was born in Eutherford county June 23d, 1838. Attended 
Marion High School, which was in charge of Mr. Morrison 
Ramsaeur. He studied medicine under Dr. T, A. Allen, of 
Hendersonville, and graduated at the National Medical College 
of Washington city in 18G0, Located in McDowell county 
in March of l8ol to practice medicine. During the same year 
he volunteered and entered the Confederate service as sergeant 
of company K, 22d Regiment N. C. Si ate troops. In Septem- 
ber he was transferred from the regular service to the medical 
department, in which capacity he served very acceptably until 
the close of the war. He then returned to McDowell and re- 
sumed the practice of his profession. He had the misfortune 
to lose his father when he was only a boy of seven years old. 


but with all the disadvantages incident to orphan life he labor- 
ed assidiously in the gold miiies of Ratlierford county, and at 
various other lines of busineis:s, until he accumulated funds 
enough to begin his education. After the trials and turmoils 
of camp life were ended, and he had begun to work up a good 
practice in his new neighborhood, he saw that there was still 
one thing wanting to complete his earthly happiness — so on the 
IGth of May, 1866, he married Miss Hattie V. Bird, of McDow- 
ell county, by whom he has five cliildren. This is his first ses- 
sion in the fState Legislature, and even with his limited experi- 
ence he makes a very good representative. He was elected over 
two opponents. Serves on committees : Internal Improve- 
ments, Penal Institutions, Insane Asvlum, and Counties, Cities 
and Towns. — Democrat. 




Is a native of Eowan county. Was born near Salisbury, Jan- 
uary 8th, 1829, but his father and family moved to Charlotte 
while he was an infant. Was educated in the male schools of 
Charlotte. He married Miss Nannie J. Kerr on the 25tli day 
of August, 1853. She was the daughter of Maj. Jennings B. 
Kerr, a prominent citizen of Mecklenburg county, and for 25 
years clerk of the court, Mr. Brown never had political aspira- 
tions, but in 1872, at the time when it was necessary, on account 
of the troubles in national affairs, that the very best men be 
placed in Legislative hall, his people chose him as their represen- 
tative in the Lower House of the General Assembly. He was 
then the first Whig CTcr elected to the Legislature from Meck- 
lenburg county, and his duties were discharged so faithfully 
that his constituency recognized the labors he had performed 


and tho ability lie had slio^'ii, 1)V electing him to the same place 
in 1864 by an almost nuanimous vote. Pie was elected to his 
present feat without opposition. He is chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Pnblic Debt, and serves on the committees of Inter- 
nal Improvement, Finance, Banks and Currency and Public 
Highways. By occupatien Mr. B. is a merchant, and has been 
very successful in that line of business. He has been director 
of a bank in Charlotte ever since he was 21 years of age, and 
has been President of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce ever 
since its organization. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and is a Trustee in the General Assembly of that church. 
He is a man of extraordinary bnsines.-« qualilicalions, takes j)rac- 
tical views of the subjects before the Legislature, and in all is a 
most excellent rc]n'esentative. — Democrat. 



Born in Mecklenbnrg counly, September 23rcl, 1839, of a well 
known family. Son of Dr. W. A. Ardrey. Occupation a far- 
mer. Married Miss Margaret M. Robinson, danghtea' of W. P. 
Robinson. Appointed Justice of. the Peace in 1867, '68, '69. 
Elected county commissioner in 1874 in Mecklenburg county, 
and served as chairman of the board for two years. His pru- 
dence, efficiency and integrity in this capacity commended hira 
to his fellow citizens as a proper person to represent them in a 
more important field. Elected to the House of Representatives 
in 1876-'77 by 815 majority, nearly four times the ordinary ma- 
jority in the county, and re-elected to the General Assembly for 
1879, almost without opposition. During the war he enlisted in 
the Charlotte Grays under Capt. Ros?, and served in the 1st N. 
C. Regiment under Gen. D. II. Hill, at Yorktown, until its term 
expired, and then he re-enlisted in the 30tli N. C. Troops as a 
private, was promoted to the captaincy of company K., and re- 
mained at his post until the surrender at Appomatox. Captain 
Ardrey is among the most intelligent representatives of thefarm- 


ing element upon the floor of the House. He is an earnest and 
zealous advocate to the advancement of the agricultural inter- 
est of the State. He is a hard working member, and has a great 
deal of pride in doing his duty as a member of the Assembly. 
He is chairmaa of the committee on Agriculture, Statistics and 
Mining, and serves on the Committee .of Salaries and Fees. — 




Born in Yancey county (now Mitchell) on the 30th day of 
lyiarch, 1845. Educated at New Hope Academy, Wilkes county, 
Prof. F. A. Belcher, Principal. Married April 5th, 18G3, to 
Miss Nancy Young, of Mitchell county, by whom he has six 
children — four girls and two boys. He was commissioned Col- 
onel of the 'J!)th regiment of N. C. Militia in 186:i, and held 
that position until the end of the war. By occupation a farmer. 
Mr. B. won for the Democrats of Mitchell the first straight- 
tight victory since the war. AVas elected by 18 majority. Com- 
mittees: Finance, Agriculture, Eoads and Ferries. — Democrot. 




r Born Ang. 28th, 1834, in Montgomery. Married first to Miss 
Mary B. Thomas, of Moore county, March 4th, 18G0. Married 


3econd time Miss E. A. Thomas, sister of his former wife, aboufc 
.1862. Has seven children living. Has been County Examiner 
and County Treasurer. Was educated at Trinity College. 
Taught school for 20 years. Business now a farmer and gener- 
al trader. Was a member of the House in 1876-'?7. Elected 
to present term by 91 majority, fcierves on committees of Fi- 
nauce aud Education. He is very liberal in politics, never let- 
ting any party feeling carry him from what he thijiks is right. 
A quiet member, but always at his seat when the roll is called. 
— Republican. 




Born Jan. 23id, 1838. He is the son of Archibald Leach, who 
emigrated from Scotland. He went to Texas in 1860, and re- 
turned to his native home in ISGl. Entered Gen. Mallett's 
battalion in 1862, and remained with it until it disbanded in 
1864. He then went to the Navy at Charleston, S. C, and af- 
ter the evacuation of that city went lo Drury's Blutf, near Kich- 
mond. When that city fell into the hands of the Federal forces 
he retreated under Gen. Ewel's command to Farniville. On tJie 
'25tli ol Apri;, 1865, was taken prisoner by th^ Yankees and 
lodged soon afterwards i)i the common jirison at Toiiit Lookout, 
Md. Was released July 1st, 1865. After returning home he 
began to fnrm, and has continued the cultivation of tiie soil u- 
an occupation ever since. On the 7 th day of Mav, if"6i, he was 
married to Miss Mary J. McAskill, by whom he has fiv(^ elu Lire". 
His two youngest girls me twins and are so very much alike th-'fc 
even the parents ©ften do not know one from the other. He 
has served four years as Justice of the ?■ ace, and was elected to» 
House of Eepresentatives for the term oi 1879 by 88 majority. — . 





Born in Nash countV; Fehrnnry 2oth, 1822. Finished educa- 
tion in 1847. Farmer. Married April 20th, 1847, to Miss Mol- 
lie L. Pitts, by whom he has eight children. Wa-? first elected 
to tlu? Legislature in 1856, and has served three terms since. 
Yolnnleered in 1801, avid came out of war in 1864. He was 
First Lieutenant in Company D, 47th Regiment, afterwards 
Captain, and served as sncli until 1864, during which year he 
was elected to the Legislature while in the army. Was wounded 
at the battle of Bristow Station in 1863. Was elected Sheriff 
of Nash county in 1866, and serval in thitt capacity ever since. — 




Born May 14th, 1847. Never went to school, lut has receiv- 
ed a very fair family education. Not married. Been janitor, 
with rank of captain, at City Hall in Wilmington, for two terms. 
Been Snpeiintcndent of City Improvement for one year. School 
Commissioner four years. His first term in the Legislature. 
He served at the carpenter's trade several years ago.— Republi- 
can, (Col.) 



WIL^tlXGTOX, N". C. 

Born in Geagua county, Ohio, October 24th, 1846. Was ed- 
ucated in Eipon, Wisconsin. During the war he served with 
Sheridan's army in the Shanandoah Valley as Master of Trans- 
portation. Moved to North Carolina in August 1865 and loca- 
ted at Wilmington where he still resides. He is quite a youno- 
man yet but owns a great deal of property in Wilmington, he 
being one of the largest tax 2)ayers in the city. He was appointed 
magistrate under the provisional government soon after the war 
and has been one ever since. He has had charge of the poor, 
sick and insane of New Hanover county for nine years. As an 
evidence of his popularity with his party we only have to state 
that he was elected to his present seat in the House of Repre- 
sentatives without opposition. Committees : Private Bills, Ag- 
riculture, and Public Printing. A quiet but observant member. 




Born in Northampton county, November 16th, 1823. Farmer, 
Married November 23rd, 1846, to Miss Martha A. Boone, by 
whom he has seven children living. Was appointed magistrate 
under the Provisional Government of II )lden. Been courty 
commissioner ten yc^irsund chairman all the while except one 
term. Is now Public Administrator of the county. Received 
only a common English education. Elected to the ^House by 
133 majority over Paul Haily, a negro, the Republican nominee. 
Committees : Propositions and Grievances, Coi'poracions, and 
Asriculture. An observant member. — Democrat. 





Born in Orange county November 30Lb, 1820. Raised in the- 
conntiy on a farm. Had no collegiate education. Was married: 
Pebruary 10th, 1852, to Miss Mary Jane Pearson of Orange 
county, by whom he now has four children — two sons and two 
daughters. During the war he was an assessor of taxes for Or- 
ange county. Of late years the greater part of his attention 
has been directed in the mercantile line ; has been merchandi- 
sing for about 25 years. In public life he has served but little 
except as a magistrate, he having held that office for 15 years. 
This is his first term to the State Legislature, but with the 
practical knowledge of legislation gained by being a close oh-- 
server during the past, he makes a good representative. He 
has a place in the following committees: Finance, Proj^ositions 
and Grievances, Education and Insurance. — Democrat. 


niLLSBORO, N^. C. 

He married a Miss Devereux of Halifax, N. C, Before the 
war he represented Orange county several times in the State 
Legislature. Was one term in the Confederate Congress at 
Richmond, Va. In 18C8 he purchased the Raleigh Daily Sen- 
tinel, and edited it for some time with ability. After disposing 
of this paper he retired to farm life in Orange county. In 1878 
he was elected to his present seat as an independent democrat, 
and later in the same year he ran as an independent republican 
for Congress in tlie Metropolitan District, but was defeated by 
Hon. J. J. Davis by a very large majority. For the past six 
years he has been waging a continual warfare against railroad 
corporations and supposed "rings." Early in the session of the 
present General Assembly lie Avas expelled from the Democratic 


caucus, and during the whole session he has been a source of 
Continual annoyance to both parties on account of liis frequent 
speech-making on "railroads," "rings," &c. Neither the 
democrats nor republicans will claim him as a member of their 
party; so we will record him as "Joe Turner," in politics. 




Born in Jones county April :;i5th, 1820. Moved to Onslow. 
Educated at the county schools. Married three times : first, to 
Miss Hewitt, of Jones county ; next, to Miss Bettie Ilatsell, of 
Onslow county ; and the third time to Miss Sallie Melton, of 
Onslow. Has ten children living. Before the war he mer- 
chandised at Swansboro ; since he has been farming. Was 
elected on the Independent Democratic ticket by about 300 ma- 
jority with two against him. Serves on committee of Proposi- 
tions and Grievances. — Democrat. 




Born in Perquimans county Nov. 27th, 1838. ilarrieu Mary 
Wilson in June, 1867. Occupation — a mercliant. Been mag- 
istrate eight years, county commissioner two years, and treasu- 
rer of Elisiabeth City four years. Was elected to the House of 
Representatives for the session of 187G-'77, and re-elected to his 
present seat by a large majority. There were three candidates 


in the campaign. Kader Perry received 334 votes, S. J. Hal- 
stard 535 votes, and the subject of this sketch, who received 
981 votes. He is on committees : Corporations, and Emigra- 
tion. By profession he is a Methodist, and a steward in that 
church. He is very temperate in habits, he having taken his 
last drink of spirituous liquor in 1865, and he never smoked a 
cigar or pipe, and never chews tobacco. He has been much 
more successful, financially, than many of his race, for his prop- 
erty is now valued at about $12,000.00. — Republican, (col.) 




Was born in New Hanover county January 12th, 1851. When 
the county of Pender was formed from New Hanover and other 
ctninties in 1875, his place was included in the new county. In 
1865, at the time Wilmington was captured by the Federal 
forces, he served as guide through the swamps of Duplin, Pen- 
der and New Hanover counties, he being perfectly familiar with 
the various routes of travel through those unfrequented regions. 
The enemy came to his father's honse and was about to compel 
his aged fjither to perform that service for them, when he, 
though only 14 years of age, volunteered his service rather than 
see the old gentleman taken by force. He attended school at 
Eockv Poitit until JanuaiT, 1868, at wliicli time he entered 
Trinity College. He passed through the junior class and 
left College in June, 1872. After this he engaged in the 
turpentine business in Brunswick county. Tn the fall of 1873 
he beo-an farming in XeAV Hanover county, and since that time 
agricultural pursuits have engrossed the greater part of his time. 
He married Miss Ella P. Berry, of Wilmington, on the 5th day 
of February, 1873, who died January 20th, 1874. He was 
married the second time September 1st, 1878, to Miss Annie E. 


Durham, daughter of D. T. Durham, Esq., a prominent citizen 
of Pender county. He is the first democrat that has ever been 
elected in Pender, that county being represented in the last 
Legislature by a republican gentleman of color, Mr. Alfred 
Lloyd. — Democrat. 




Born in the northeastern part of the State of Vermont in 
1839. Was educated in Albany, New York, and Lowell, Mass. 
In addition to his classical education he received a liberal course 
in law. He joined the Federal army in LS61, served through 
the Cumberland campaign, anrl ]i<nrticipated in the vicissitudes 
of camp life until the close of the rebellion. lu 1868 he en- 
gaged in the lumber business in northeastern North Carolina, 
and is still engaged in that line as an occupation. Was married 
on the 10th of March, 1875, to Miss V. C. Morris, of Tyrrell 
county. Was elected to his pr< sent scat in the House of Kep- 
resentatives by 400 majority over his competitor, W. H. Man- 
ning, Esq. He serves on the Judiciary Committee ; also on 
the Joint Committee to nomiuate magistrates, and on the Fish 
Committee. — Eepublican. 



Cunningham's store, n. c. 

Forn in Person county D o. -I'h, 1822. Graduated in 1841, 
at Chapel Hill, in his lOih year. Spent the next year at Hur- 


vard College, Mass., taking a scientific course. Eead law with 
Judge Battle at Chapel Hill, and obtaining license, concluded 
to extend his knowldge of the world by a tour in Europe 
(1849.) Married in 1854 Miss Sallie, second daughter of Hon. 
George E. Badger, an accomplished and lovely lady. Subse- 
quent to his marriage removed to Caswell, and was elected to 
the House from that county in ISGl-'crj. Also to the Andy 
Johnson Convention of '65. Returned to Person and represent- 
ed that county in the House of 1872-'73-'74 — winning distinc- 
tion throughout the State by his course in that body. Elected 
to the House in 1876-'77 ; was elected to the present Assembly, 
but on account of severe illness was not able to take his seat 
until near the close of the session. He is a gentleman of fine 
literary attainments and wide range of general information. As 
a writer and Belles Le fires scholar, he is one of the most gifted 
sons of the State. — Democrat. 




Born in Pitt county, Jan. loth, 18:., iv d is now the oldest 
native born citizen of the town of Greenville. By parental line 
he is French and Scotcli-Irlsh, his grand-father being a native 
of Bordeaux, France, while his mother is of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. His occupation is that o" a lawyer and farmer. In his 
early days he attended Wake Fore't College. Later he read law 
under Judge Hitchcock at Yale College, After this he was a 
student of Chief Justice Pearson while his law school was loca- 
ted at Mocksville, Davie county. Received license to practice 
in June, 1845. Married in Surry county, Sept. :i5th, 1845, to 
Miss Juliette Gilliam, of Columbia, S. C. Mr. Bernard ownes 
the noted Pilot Mountain and a quantity of lands in the commu- 
nity, in Surry county, at which place he now has a very pleasant 


summer home, to which place he retreats during the heated sea- 
son. In his native county h^i is a gentleman of considerable- 
prominence, and been identified with the public interest of the- 
county for many years. He has been Kegister of Deeds, Countj 
Attot'uey, and during the war was assistant Clerk and Master in 
Equity. He has taken a great deal of interest in and labored 
much for the good of the Democratic party in his county. Has 
l)een engaged in every political canvass since 18GG. He was can- 
didate for a scat in the first Canstitutional Convention, but was 
defeated, the Republican party largely predominating. Allowed 
his name to be run again at the last election and received a title 
to a seat in the House of Eepresentatives by a majority of 129» 
He serves On the following committees: Judiciary, Caucus and 
Counties, Towns and Cities. — Democrat. 



Born in Pitt county, September 18th, 1850. Married Miss 
Martha C. Andrews, formerly of Edgecombe county, Dec-. 23rd, 
1875, by whom he had three children, only one living. His par- 
ents died when he was very young, leaving him with small 
means, at which time he had only attended the common schools- 
nine months; but by his own efforts, backed by energy of pur- 
pose, he succeded in securing means and attended a private 
school ten months, at which, together with his own studious en- 
ergy, obtained a common education, such as to enable him to 
teach in the common schools in his county. He is therefore a 
self-made man. Been magistrate two years. Been mayor of th& 
town of Bethel for two terms and served his people satisfactorily 
in said, capacities. The Democracy of his county, recognizing 
his Avorth, honesty and ability, nominated him without any so- 
licitation on his part to represent them in the House of Repre- 
sentatives, and was dected over his opponent by 165 majority. 
Committees: Public Printing, Privileges and Elections, Educa- 
tion, Justices of the Peace and Public Library, all of which he - 


gave valuable service. He is a good, honest, faithful represen- 
tative, and has served his county and State well. By occupa- 
tion a farmer, of whi^^h he feels proud.— Democrat. 




Born in that part of Kuthcrford county which is now Polk, 
about the year 1814. By occupation a farmer and merchant. 
Married in 1831 to Miss Elizabetli Gibbs, of Polk. Six children 
— four dead. Was very much opposed to the war. He was ac- 
cused of not being loyal to the Confederate cause and that he 
took charge deserters, and upon these charges he was brought be- 
fore a Coiirt Martial, but the charges notbeing sustained, he was 
dismissed. He has been magistrate for 10 years. County Treas- 
urer eiglit years, and was elected to his present seat in the Gen- 
eral Assembly by 100 majority. He is one of the largest tax- 
;i)ayers in his section. — Pifpublicun. 




Born in Randolph county N. C, March IGth, 183G. Was 
educated at the old-field schools of his community. Old Xorth 
Bird, near Jackson's Creek, wusthe scene of the greater part of 
Ills school days. He worked on a farm until he wastwcnty-oue: 
since which time he has been carpenter, wheelright and black- 


smith, but never served a regular apprenticeship at any of these 
trades. In addition to these trades he has given some atten- 
tion, also, to farming. Married March 28th, 1861, to Miss Em- 
ily Ward, of Davidson county. In public life he has serv^ed as 
Justice of the Peace for eight years. In 1878 was elected to his 
present seat in the Honse of Eeprescntatives. A very quiet but 
earnest member. Committees: Private Bills, deaf, dumb and. 
Blind, and Calendar. — Eepublicau. 



His parents, Thomas English and Mildred, formerly Tomlin- 
son, were reared in the county of Eandolph,from Scotch linage. 
He is one of six children— four daughters and two sons. Born 
in Thomasville, Davidson county, June 28th, 1849. Parents 
moved to Eandolph in 1857, and located on a farm near Trinity 
College with a view of educating his sons, at which place he is 
now situated. Just when he was ready to enter upon school 
duties the war came on, and took not only the means provided 
but necessitated his going on the farm to manual labor, there 
to remain until after the struggle ; subsequently was still am- 
bitions for an education, and proceeded at once to procure one, 
believing that all men may be an architect of a fortune. In 
1874 he graduated at Trinity College with first honor. Soon 
after was called to the principalship in Pleasant Lodge Acade- 
my, in Alamance county, for a teim of nearly two years, the 
fcchool thus created is still flourishing ; from thence to Mt. Olive 
Academy, male and female, in the county of Wayne, and had 
associated with him Mrs. Nicholson, the widow of the Eev. D. 
B. Nicholson, of the N. C. Confeience; continued there for 
2i years with a decided success. During this time he visited 
the Centennial and a number of the principal cities North, and 
to some extent those in the South. During the summer vaca- 
tion has been teacher at several times in the normal school at 
Chapel Hill, for the training of teachers, and at th- commence- 


laent of 1878 was selected historian of his class. In 1877 left 
the East and came to his "native heath," in the county of 
Bandoljih, and assumed charge ol the village school, at the same 
time giving the former attention. He was called out in the , 
field of politics and nominated for the Legislature, receiving in 
tke Convention all the votes cast but five on first ballot ; was 
elected to the present session by a small majorit_y over J. W. 
Bean. He is a single gentleman, and has acquitted himself 
during the present session in a manner that proves he is a young 
man worthy of a good wife. He serves on the following com- 
mittees : Penal Institutions, (Chairman,) Engrossed Bills, and 
Education. — Democrat. 




Was born in Guilford county in 182'8. Received 13 days 
instruction in school in baid county. Went to California in 
1852. Spent eight years in California, Oregon, Wasliinglon 
and Mexico. Was married in California. Wife died 20 months 
after the marriage. He had the pleasure of making about fifty 
thousand dollars in California, but left the good State without 
much money and came home to North Carolina in 1850. En- 
gaged in merchandising, and made $15,000 or 120,000. Lost it 
in speculating, as usual. Was married the second time in Rich- 
mond county, N. C- His first wife was Mary Gilky, a Yankee 
girl. His second wife was Mary Harrison, a genuiue Scotch 
girl. He has four children, all boys, of Scotch-Irish descent. 
He has been a Republican, politically, since the Democrats se- 
lected Horace G-rcely for their candidate. W^as elected to tlie 
General Assembly in 1878 as Independent, though his sympa- 
thies are with the Republican party. — Republican. 





Born in Robeson county, September 21st, 1833. Was edu- 
cated at common scnools. Married Oct. itli, 1860, to Miss Ad- 
eline Roberts, daughter of James Roberts, Esq., of Marion coun- 
ty, S. C. Has seven children, 4 girls and 3 sons. Farmer. 
Volunteered in 1862 and entered the Confederate service. Was 
member of Company E. 4th Regiment, N. C. Artillery, Re- 
mained in service until the fall of Furt Fisher, Bien magis- 
trate 7 years. Was elected to the House by 6 majority over 
Neill MclSTeill. He serves on the following committees: Inter- 
nal Improvements, Railroads and Post Roads. — Democrat. 



Was born in Mecklenburg county, N. C, Feb. 1st, 1829. 
Went to the Mexican war in 1847. Belonged to Company I. 
3rd Regiment of Artilery, under Capt. Martin Burke, Garland's 
Brigade, Worth's Division of Regulars. Participated in all the 
battles from Vera Cruze to the city of Mexico. Returned to 
Robeson county in 1851. In April, 1861, raised a company and 
entered the second regment N. C. Volunteers, under Col. Sol. 
Williams. His company v^'as discharged in 1862, at the expira- 
tion of its term of enlistment. In 186-i he raised another com- 
pany and joined the 16th Regiment, N. C. Troops, under Col. 
E. D. Hall. Was promoted to Major, but resigned on account 
of ill health. Elected by the Democratic party in 1870 to the 
State Senate from Robeson county, and not being disposed to 
follow the prrty in.some of its measures, joined the Republican 
party and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1874 
by that party. He claims to have been elected also to the Con- 


sfcitutional Convention of 1875.. bi^t says that owing to Gen. W. 
R. Cox's celebrated telegram to "hold Eobeson and save the 
State," the Convention adjourned without an Investigation. 
Was again elected to the House of Eepresentatives for the pres- 
ent term. He is a good looking widower, and we think he 
would like right much to fiud some fair one with whom he could 
''share pleasures and divide troubles." — Eepublican. 




Was born in Rockingham county on the 4th day of December, 
1841. Was prepared to enter the Sophomore class at the Uni- 
versity, in the year 1861, by that most excellent teacher, Mr. S. 
W. Hughes, of Orange county, but the Avar comming on he en- 
listed, as a private, in May, 1^01, in Capt. Slade's company, 
14th N. C. Regiment. Was wounded in the battle of "Seven 
Pines," June 1st, 1872. Was m the battles in which the Army 
of "Northern Virginia was engaged up to November, 1863, when 
he was appointed 1st Lieut. Company K. 13th N. C. Regiment. 
Acted as Adjutant of this regiment until the close of the war, 
surrendering his sword to the Northern army, April 9th, 1865, 
at Appomattox C. H., Va. Was married to Miss Sallie P. 
Lindsey, of Reidsville, N. C, December 5th, 1865. Has en- 
gaged in merchandising, farming and manufacturing tobaceo 
since the war. Never has engaged in politics in any way. In 
1878 was nominated by the Nominating Convention of Rocking- 
ham county, on first ballot, to represent that county in General 
Assembly of 1879. — Democrat. 





Born in Rockingham, August 5th, 183G. Graduated at Wake 
Forest in 1860. Occupation a farmer. Served in the Confed- 
erate service as Sergeant of Light Artillery. Mr. Lindsay was 
elected without opposition to fill the seat left vacant by Dr. P. 
M. Winchester, deceased, in the sesoion of 18T6-'77. Was re- 
elected to the House for the present term without opposition. 
He is on Committees : Corporations and Immigration. He has 
taken an active part in the Legislative work before the House. 
Was married Juue 5tli, 1878, to Miss Nannie II. Meadows, of 
Kockingham couuty. — Democrat. 




Born February 22nd, 1813. Educated principally in the old 
field schools. Was married the 4th day of February, 1834. He 
has held the office of Justice of the Peace ever since 1836 except 
for about four years just after the war — he then being banded by 
the Federal government. When he was only twelve years old 
he adopted the principles of Democracy and to which faith he 
has adhered ever since, and declares that he will continue in the 
same until the last sands of his life have ebbed out. He was 
born and has ever since lived in the good old county of Rowan 
and we have no doubt but there he will remain until she opens 
her bosom, when his spirit passes over the dark river, and kindly 
hides him front the turmoils of life until the resurrection morn.^ — 



Born in Cabarrus county January 8th, 1841. Educated at 
Trinity College. Was in the Confederate service from the 3rd 
«of June, 1861 to the''|13th of April, 1865. Was a member of 
"Company F, 1st Regiment, N. C. Cavalry. He served first as a 
private, then Sergeant, and then Corporal. Married January 
12th, 1865, to Miss Dorcus, daughter of Jacob Fraley, Esq., of 
Iredell county. By occupation he is a farmer. This in his first 
term to the Legislature and he is a very attentive member. He 
.serves on Committees: Propositions and Grievances, Agriculture, 
.Mechanics and Mining, and Insurance. — Democrat. 




Born in Yancy county, April 20th, 1820. Married May 29th, 
1855, Miss S. A. Logan, of Rutherford and has one child living. 
^Attended old field schools. Been county commissioner two 
■grears. Was Clerk of the Court in Yaucy county for eight years. 
Moved to Rutherford in 1857. Elected to House of Represeuta- 
2tives over two opponents by 183 votes. Committees : Salaries 
iand Fees, Propositions and Grievances. — Democrat. 





Born in Duplin county December 23d, 1^38. "Was educated 
■st the schools of the community. Has taught school a great 
■deal during the v/iater season of the year, and attended to his 
farm in the summer time. He volunteered April loth, 1861, 
and. joined the Confederate service for six months as a member 
of Capt. Thos. S. Keenan's Company — the Duplin Riiies — and 
was made color-bearer of that company. "When the time for 
which he had enlisted had expired he joined the 3d Regiment 
of Cavalry — Capt. A, F. Newkirk's company. He was in ser- 
vice for four years and four weeks, and was not wounded, neither 
was lie a day absent without the proper permission. After the 
war he moved to Samjison, where he has been engaged in teaching 
and farming ever since. Been magistrate for 10 years. He is an 
earnest worker in the Sunday-schools, and now has charge of 
the largest one in all that community. Married Miss J. A. 
Carlton January 27th, 18G7. He was elected to the seat he 
now occupies by 219 majority. Committees : Penal Institutiouts 
and Private Bills. He is a very decided and earnest man, and 
takes great pride in working for the good of his constituence 
and the Democratic party at large. He is the tallest man in 
the General Asseml)!y, measuring 6 feet and 7 incites. He and 
his father and four brothers give an average in heiglit of feet 
and six inches, and their combined weight is 1230 lbs. He is 
a true and zealous member. — Democrat. 



Born January 11th, 1833, in Sampson county. His v;ducation: 
'^as received at common country schools and academies. En- 


tered the Confederate army in 1862. Was Lieutenant in Com- 
pany C, 5th Regiment N, C. Cavalry. Was in a number of 
engagements. Wounded at the battle of Jack's Shops, near 
Orange Court-house, Va., September 13th, 1863, and captured 
at the same time. While a prisoner was confined at Washing- 
ton in the Old Capitol, at Fort Henry, Point Lookout, Fort 
Delaware, Morris Island, Fort Pulaski, then back to Fort Del- 
aware. He was one of the six hundred officer,^ placed under 
fire of the Confederate guns while at Morris Island, South Car- 
olina. Was released from prison July 1st, 1865. Sinc^ the war 
has been engaged at farming. Has served as magistrate two 
years and as county commissioner four years. Was married 
November 13th, 1856, to Miss R. E. Ashford, of Sampson coun- 
ty. Was elected to the present House of Representatives, and 
is serving on the following standing committees : State Debt, 
Corporations and Emigration — Democrat. 




Born in Stanly county, February 14th, 1825. Was raised a 
common farmer boy and received no education except what he 
learned at the '' old field schools." In former days he was a 
Whig, now he is a Conservative Democrat. He was qualified as 
magistrate in February, 1857, which office he filled for seven- 
teen years. Was elected county commissioner in August, 1870, 
and re-elected for three terms in succession. Was chairman of 
the board of commissioners for four years. Was married on the 
nth day of April, 1848, to Miss Delinda Frick, of Stanly coun- 
ty, and has six sons and two daughters. Was elected to the 
present House of Representatives by a large majority. He is 
on two standing committees. Agriculture, Mechanics and Min- 
ing, and Penal Institutes. — Democrat. 





Born in Stokes county, April 6th, 1837. He received only a 
fire-torch education. By occuj^ation he is a farmer. Served as 
a Captain of a malitia company during the war. Was elected 
in 1872 Clerk of Superior Court for Stokes county and held that 
place two years. Elected to House of Representives by 273 ma- 
jority. Committees : Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute, Private 
Bills, Public Roads. He is a very clever batclielor, makes a 
good representative, and will some day make a good lady a good 
husband. — Democrat. 



ELKIN, N". C. 

Was born in Rowan county at the homestead of the Partee 
'family, September 26th, 1839. His parents, Rob't W. and M. 
E. Foard moved to Concord, in Cabarrus county, January 1st, 
1840, where he spent his childhood and youth. He entered the 
University of the State in 1859, and graduated in class of 1861 ; 
when he immediately enlisted as a private in Capt. R. Barrin- 
ger's (now Gen. R. Barringer) Company F, 1st N. C. Cavalry, 
under Col. Rob't Ransom (now Gen. Rob't Ransom.) The 
subject of this sketch fought with his company and regiment, 
which under Stewart and Hampton bore such a conspicuous part, 
through all the battles of the army of Northern Virginia, and 
was only slightly wounded once, though nine horses were 
wounded under him and four killed. He was promoted to 


Capt. of his company, and after the bloody cavalry engagement- 
at Upperville was introduced by Gen. L. S. Baker, then Colonel 
of the Regiment, as the " bravest of the brave." He was often, 
selected by his commanding officers to go with his splendid com- 
pany (which never had a desertion from it) on duties of special 
trust and danger. On one occasion when detailed by Gen. W.. 
H. F. Lee, for detached service with his company, fought and 
kept at bay Wilson's Avhole column for an hour and a half, 
when that General was making his notorious raid on South Side 
railroad to Staunton Bridge. He with his Company and Com- 
pany C, which formed the squadron he commanded, made under 
Hampton the celebrated night attack on Kilptttrick's camp five 
miles from Richmond, and while no other troops were engaged, 
drove the enemy from his camp, captured large number of 
prisoners, horses and supplies, and thus prevented Kilpatrick 
and Dahlgreu from joining their forces for their intended attack 
upon Richmond. He, with his company, took an active part 
in the notorious beef raid of Hampton. After the war he spent 
eighteen months in New York City in the cotton business. 
January, 1867, he moved to Elkin, Surry county, to engage in 
manufacturing, where he still resides. August 25th, 1868, he 
married in Greensboro Miss Lilly Walker, grand-daughter of the 
late Gov. John M. Morehead. In 1878 was nominated by the 
Democratic party of Surry as their candidate to represent the 
county of Surry in the House of Representatives, and was elected 
over a Republican and Independent Democrat. He is a very- 
popular and influential member, and labors hard for the good 
of his constituents. He serves on the following Committees : 
Judiciary, Public Debt, Education, and Insane Asylum. — Dem- 


SWAIN county; 



Born in Haywood county, February 13th, 1839. Attended, 
tlie common schools of the neighborhood, after which he went 
to Col. Lee's graded school in Asheville. Married Miss Mary 
0. Greenlee, of McDowell county, April 6th, 1871, by whom he- 
has four children. Mr. B. by occupation is a farmer, stock- 
raiser and miller. He has a very good farm and takes much 
interest in raising fine stock, and has one of the best mills in all 
that section. During the war he was Captain of Company B, 25th 
Regiment, N. C. State troops. In 1852 when the county of 
Jackson was formed his place was included in the territory 
which composed the new county. Soon after this he was elected,, 
the first malitia Colonel of the county. He was elected as the 
member to the House of Representatives from the new county 
of Jackson in 1854, and was the member continously for twelve 
years, he being the first and last representative from that county 
up to 1870, at which time another new county, Swain, was 
formed and named in honor of the lamented Governor Swain. 
His residence again was included in the territory of the new 
county and he has been the representative of Swain ever since it 
was formed. It is very complimentary, indeed, that his people 
should honor him as their representative for so many }ears in 
succession, and it shows that he is a man worthy of their suf- 
frages. He is a working member and does all in his power that 
will tend to the prosperity of his section of the country as well 
as keeping an eye oj^en to the interest of the State at large. He 
has done much towards shaping legislation for the development 
of the transmontane section. A good member. He is Chair- 
man of Committee on Claims, and serves on Internal Improve- 
ments, and Joint Committee to nominate Magistrates. — Dem- 





Was born in Buncombe county (now Transylvania) on the 
19th day of April, 1820. Received a common school education. 
Emigrated to the State of Georgia in 1854. Settled in Grordon 
county. In 1862 was elected Captain of Company F. Ist Geor- 
gia cavalry. Was mustered into regular service March 22d, 
1862. August the 11th was assigned to General Forest. Was 
m the campaign to Perryville in Kentucky. Fell a victim to 
disease, and was forced to resign, August 26th, 1864. Returned 
to his native State, North Carolina, Dec. 23d, 1865. Been 
magistrate 6 years and school committeeman 4 years. Nominee 
•of the Democratic party in 1878 for the House of Reprerenta- 
tives and elected by 75 majority. Committees: Salaries and 
.IFees and County Government. — Democrat. 




Born June 13th, 1839. Educated at the Normal College, now 
Trinity. Was there in 1856, '57 and '58. Married Feb. 10th, 
.1859, Miss Mary Ann Alexander, of Tyrrell. Served as magistrate 
€ years. Is surveyor, school teacher and farmer. He is an ar- 
dent supporter of the temperance cause. Has six children, 4 
living and 2 dead. Was elected to his present seat in the House 
by 128 majority. A very quiet but attentive member. — Demo- 





Was born in Monroe, N. C, on the 2d day of Dec, A. D, 
1853. During the earlier part of his boyhood he received only 
such education as is usually to be had in small towns. In Sep- 
-tember, 1870, he entered "Wake Forest College and continued 
there until June 1873, one year prior to graduation. During 
his collegiate course he represented the Euzelian Literary So- 
ciety at its 39th Anniversary as first debater, and at the close of 
the session of 1873, was unanimously elected by said society as 
its orator for the ensuing Anniversary. In December, 1873, he 
was married to Miss Ella E, Ilowip, of Lancaster county, S. C, 
and on the 7th of August following was so unfortunate as to 
lose his wife. Immediately thereupon he be began the study of 
law under Chief Justice R. M. Pearson, and obtained license in 
June 1875, and commenced the practice forthwith in the town 
of his nativity. On the 23d day of June, 1878, he was happily mar- 
ried to Miss Mollie A., second daughter of Prof. W. G. Sim- 
mons, of Wake Forest College. On the 1st Thursday in Aug., 
1878, he was elected to the House of Representatives by a ma^ 
joriiy of 1375, being by far the largest proportionate, if not ab- 
solutely the largest majority, received by any Senator or Repre- 
sentative. Mr. Covington was at the time of his election 24 
years of age, and is the youngest member, save one, in the Leg- 
islature of 1879, He is chairman of the committee on Insur- 
ance, also Public Printing, and serves on commi,ttees. Judiciary 
and Privileges and Elections. He is one of the sjirightl'est and 
wittiest members; very quick to catch ideas in a running dis- 
cussion, and never fails to fitly apply his remark?. — Democrat. 




Born March 24th, 1848. Married June 2nd, 1867 to Miss 
Verona C. Hood, by whom he has five children. He was pre- 
pared for college at Elm Grove Academy. Graduated at Wash- 
ington University, Baltimore, with the class of 1868. He vol- 
unteered in 1863 and joined company I., 8th regiment Georgia 
Cavalry. Was in a great many engagements, and in the last 
charge Lee's army made at Appomattox. By profession he is a 
practicing physician. Elected to the House by 147 majority. — 


NEUSB, ]sr. c. 

Born Sept. 21st, 1813. Educated at the common schools of 
the community. Married Miss Lucy Ann House, Oct. 3rcl, 1837, 
by whom he has had 9 children — 5 now living. Wife died Dec. 
2nd, 1878. Been chairman of the board of connty commission- 
ers for 6 years. Been connected with the special courts of Wake 
county for about 35 years. Was member of the Senate in 1876- 
'77. Elected to the House in 1878. Committees : Internal Im- 
provements, Banks and Currency. — -Republican. 


RALEIGH, ]sr. C. 

Was born near Fish Dam, Wake county, January 8th, 1823.. 
Went to common schools only a few months. What other edu- 
cation he has was received by studying at night and rainy days. 
Was raised on the farm by a widowed mother. September- 

(:li23 ) 

15tli, 1845, was employed as clerk by Thomas Loring, Esq., of 
Auburn, 10 miles east of Kaleigh. Was appointed postmaster 
at that place by President Polk in 1852. Moved to Raleigh in 
18G1 and engaged in the mercantile business. Was elected 
Clerk of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, which office 
he held for two terms, after which he retired to his farm in 
Oak Grove Township. In 1876 was elected Chairman of the 
Board of County Commissioners. Was elected in 1878 to the 
seat which he now occupies. Was married December 15th, 
1852, to Miss Cornelia Ellington, of Johnston county. — Repub- 



Born in Beaufort county March 8th, 1832. Never went to a 
day school ; all his education was procured by attending a short 
time at night school, and by his own hard studying while alone. 
Married the first time Miss Mary Davis, of Beaufort county, by 
whom he had three daughters. His second wife was Miss Nar- 
cissus Lucus, of Raleigh. He served an apprenticeship as car- 
penter, and now has the trade well. In public life he has served 
as city alderman of Raleigh for eight years, and as director of 
the Penitentiary for four years. This is the fifth session he has 
been a member to the House of Representatives. He is on 
committees : Education, Deaf, Dumb and Blind, and Public 
Buildings. He is far above the average of his race as to intelli- 
gence, and makes a very fair representative. He takes practi- 
cal views of most subjects of general importance. — Republican, 





"Was born in Warren county March 23d, 1842, of free parents. 
Married Feb. 7th, 18 — , to Miss Nannie Boyd of Warren coun- 
ty. He is a farmer by occupation. In public life he first ap- 
peared as a member to the House of Representatives in 1874 ; 
was elected by 800 majority. Was again elected in 1876 by five 
majority. Was elected to his present seat by about 1,000 ma- 
jority. During the war he served as an attendant for Captain 
Jones in the 46th Regiment. — Republican, (col.) 



Born in Warren county November 4th, 1855. He first went 
to school in Warrenton, and after this he attended the Shaw 
University in Raleigh. Has been teaching school in Warren 
and Granville counties for about five years. Was elected to his 
present seat in the House of Representatives by about 1,300 
majority. He serves on committees : Incorporations, and Deaf, 
Dumb and Blind Institute. — Republican, (col.) 


JOHN McDowell bateman, 


Was born in Washington county July 25th, 1835. His edu- 
-•cational advantages were limited to the free and subscription 


schools of the community. He has been married three times. 
Was first married to Miss Emeliza Jackson in 1854. His second 
wife was Miss Angeline Cooper, to whom he was married Ik 
1867. In 1878 he married the third wife, who was Miss Nauey 
E. Snell, of Washington county. Has six children. Before 
the war he was a Henry Clay Whig, and favored emancipation^ 
On account of his Union sentiments during the war he was ar- 
rested and put in. prison, where he remained for four months. 
He was then put with the Confederate forces near Fredericks- 
burg, Va., but he escaped from the camp and walked all the 
way home. In the year 1873 he joined the 11th Eegiment of 
North Carolina IJ. S. Volunteers, and remained in the Federal 
service until the close of the war. Soon after the treaty of 
peace he was appointed under the Piovisional Government as 
Sheriff of Washington county, in which capacity he served for 
ten years. He has been magistrate for a number of years, and 
was the member from Washington county in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875. Elected to his present seat in the House 
of Eepresentatives by 164 majority. Committees : Internal 
Improvements, Salaries and Fees, and Finance. — Eepublican.. 



BOONE, ]sr. c. 

Is a native of Watauga county. Was born Feb. 23d, 1829. 
By profession he is a practicing physican. He graduated at 
the medical college of Charleston, S. C, in the year 1851. 
After getting his diploma to practice medicine in South Caro- 
lina he concluded that the Palmetto State should furnish him 
a life partner, so in 1855 he marries Miss Alice M. Bostwick, of 
Sumter, by whom he has six children living. During the war 
he was a brave and patriotic soldier. He was one of the first 


volunteers in South Carolina, and bears the record of firing the 
first gun that was fired upon the United States flag. It was 
when the Federal steamer '' Star of the West^' sailed within 
range of the Confederate guns at Fort Sumter on that memora- 
ble day "when the cruel war begun," . He enlisted as 

Captain in Hampton's Legion, in which capacity he served until 
1863. While in an engagement at Beans' Station, Tenn., he 
was wounded, after which he was transferred to the 6th N. C. 
(Col. Folk's) Regiment, where he served until the hostilities 
ceased. In public life he has served his country two terms in 
the General Assembly. He was elected to the Senate for the 
term 1876— '77, and to his present seat in the Hous* of Repre- 
sentatives by a majority of five votes. He had five opponents 
— four Democrats and one Republican. He hails from a moun- 
tain county not surpassed in many particulars by any in West- 
ern Carolina. The air is dry, firm and bracing, and the climate 
generally is perfectly delightful in the summer season. The 
variagated scenery along the many creeks and rivers is grand 
and picturesque. The soil is fertile and admirably adapted to 
the growth of corn, potatoes, ajiples, buckwheat and cabbage. 
The citizens are generous, hospitable and hard workers. The 
Dr. represents a noble constituency, and that with much credit. 
— Democrat. 




Born January 1st, 1829, in "Moore county. His school days 
were spent at Longstreet academy, in Cumberland county, Mid- 
dleton Academy, in Randolph county, and ISJormal College 
(now Trinity.) He moved to Wayne county in November, 
1854. Married Miss Mary J. Kornegay, October 18th, 1855, 

and has nine cliildren, eight daughters and one son. His wife 
died July 13th, 1876. In 1861 he entered the Confederate army 
as a private in Company G, 40th. Eegiment N. C. State troops. 
In 1862 he was promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant of his 
■Company, and in 1863 he was still f urthur honored by receiving 
the rank of Captain of his Company. He was wounded and 
taken prisoner at the fall of Fort Fisher. While a prisoner he 
was incarcerated at Point Lookout and Johnson Island. Was 
.released June 17th, 1865, and reached his home again on the 
28th of the same month. His occupation is that of a farmer. 
Has been magistrate two years. Elected to House by 90 major- 
ity. Committees : Propositions and Grievances, Education, 
and Private Bills. — Democrat. 



Born in Wayne county ilay 29th, 1840. His education was 
obtained at the CLJaiisson country schools and around the fire- 
side. His occupation is that of merchandising and farming. 
On the 3rd day of May, 1 866, he was married to Miss Phoebe 
Edgerton, of Wayne county, by whom he has five sons. He 
volunteered June 11th, 1861, and Joined the Goldsboro Rifles 
and continued in service until February, 1865. During his 
camp life he was m the battle of New Berne, Harpers Ferry, 
Seven Days, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Bristol Station and 
several others. At one engagement his regiment entered with 
500 mem and in a fight of only 15 minutes the whole regiment 
was killed or captured except 80. As a public man he has 
served as Justice of the Peace about five years, Sheriff four 
years, and elected to the House of Representatives for the pres- 
ent term by 116 majority. He is a member of the Finance Com- 
mittee, also on the Committee on Towns and Townships. — Re- 





Born in Surry, May 4th, 1836. Married May 4th, 1858, Miss 
Eliza Grumpier, of Surry, by whom he has three children. Read 
medicine, and graduated at Charleston College in 1857. Prac- 
tices his profession in Wilkes, Surry, Ashe and Alleghany. Was 
a peace man, but served as Surgeon in "Home Guard" during 
the war. Elected to House in 1865 and 1867, also in 1870. 
Elected to Senate for the term of ISTG-'^T. His county not be- 
ing entitled to a Senator for 1879, on account of alternate ar- 
rangements with Alexander, his people nominated him against 
his will for the House, knowing that it was highly essential that 
his name be on the ticket in ofier to effect a victory for the 
party; so he was elected by 515 majority. He moved to Wilkes 
county in 1859, and when he began his political career the* 
county was 900 Republican majority, and after having taken an 
active part in all the campaigns, he has finally seen the political 
sentiment of the county entirely revolutionized. The political 
fighting and management generally has been directly under his 
control, and much credit is due him for his arduous labors, 
and his people a2)preciate his efforts, for every nomination that 
he has received has been by acclamation. He is a very active 
and working member. Most of his education was received at 
East Bend, Yadkin county. Was raised on a farm. Read med- 
icine under Dr. M. Y. Folger, of Rockford, the old county site 
of S u rry . — D emocra t. 



Born in Rutherford county, Feb. 17th, 1838. Began the 
study of medicine in 1858. Entered Jefferson Medical College, 


of Philadelphia, in October, 1859, and graduated March 1st, 
1861. He volunteered and entered the Confederate service May 
1st, 1861, as a member of company D. 16th regiment. In Feb. 
1862 was detailed to recruit the old company, but secured men 
enough for a new company and was elected 1st Lieutenant. At 
the battle of Seven Pines he was with Hampton's Legion, at 
which time Capt. Kilpatrick was killed, after which Mr. Har- 
rell was made Captain of the company. Went into Eamseur's 
brigade and remained in that command until the close of the 
war. AVas captured by the Federalists near Petersburg on the 
25th of March, 1865, taken to Old Capitol at Washington, and 
from thence to Fort Delaware. Was released the 19th of June, 
1865. Settled in Wilkes after the war and has been practicing 
medicine ever since. Married Miss Carrie Carmichael Feb. 18th, 
1864, who died Dec. 26th, 1871. He was elected to his present 
seat by a large majority. Committees: Penal Institutions, Deaf, 
Dumb and Blind, and Immigration. A true member. — Demo- 




Born in jSTash county, Jan. 5th, 1820. Educated at Rich- 
ardson's Academy in Wake county. Married Miss Mary T, 
Windrom, of Philadelphia. Has eight children. Was member 
to the House of Representatives from Nash county in 1848-'49. 
Clerk of Court of Equity for 4 years in Nash. Studied law under 
Judge Fowler and received license to practice in 1853. Moved 
to Wilson county in 1860. Studied medicine under Dr. J. H. 
Drake, of Nashville, and went to the Medical University of 
Pennsylvania, and graduated in 1848. He is a farmer and mil- 
ler. — Democrat. 






Born in Surry county (now Yadkin) Jan. 3rd, 1843. He is 
son of Rev. Wm. G. Brown, a well known Baptist minister. 
Received the first rudiments of an education in the public schools 
of the community in which he lived. At the age of 14 years he 
entered Yadkin Institute at Boonville, where he attended two 
sessions. Was married March 13th, 1863, to Miss C. J. Hol- 
comb, of Yadkin county, by whom he has four children. Upon 
the passage of the Conscript Act, during the war, he refused to 
enter the Confederate service. Was detailed by Major Mallett 
to make and haul salt from Saltville, Va., to Yadkin county, 
which he continued to do from the fall of 1862 to the fall of 
1863. In December of the latter year he was arrested and car- 
ried as a prisoner to Camp Holmes, Raleigh, thence to Raccoon 
Ford, Va. He was offered his liberty on condition that he en- 
ter the service in company H. JJlst N. C. S. T. This he em- 
phatically refused to do. He was then tried by " Drumhead 
Court Martial," and retained as a prisoner with General Hoke's 
brigade until the spring of 1864. While at Kinston, N. C, he 
broke prison and made his way in safety to his old home in 
Yadkin county. Since the war he has been teaching school and 
farming alternately. He was appointed magistrate under the 
provisional government of Governor Holden. In 1870 he at- 
tended school at Jamesville Academy. In 1872 he was elected 
surveyor of the county, and re-elected in 1874 and 1876. He 
has taken an active part with the Republican party ever since 
the war. Was the regular nominee of the party in the late elec- 
tion and elected to his present seat in the House of Representa- 
tives by 78 majority. — Republican. 





Born in Yancey county, and educated at the Bnrnsville High 
School. He entered the Confederate army in 1862. Was ord- 
nance sergeant in the 62nd regiment. In 1863 he returned 
home and was with the Home Guard during the balance of the 
war. Here he acted as Quartermaster Sergeant. This is his 
first term to the Legislature, he having never aspired to politi- 
cal positions. He has served as magistrate for a number of 
years. Was elected to his present seat by 151 majority and 
serves on the following committees: Finance, Insane Asylum, 
and Salaries and Fees. By occupation he is a farmer and mer- 
chant. He is a jolly and clever gentleman, and will be a for- 
tune to some young lady some of these days. — Democrat. 





Was born in Franklin, Macon county, September 17th, 1838, His 
father, James Robinson, came to North Carolina from Tennessee, was a 
merchant of Note and character, and died in the village that was the birth 
place of his son, June, 1843. His early training was only what the com- 
mon schools of his county and the village academy afitbrded, and a year 
at Emory & Henry College was added to his education by his own hard- 
earned wages and the kind assistance of a friend and relative. When 
armed men sprang up in every hamlet of North Carolina at the call of 
her authorities he volunteered as a private foot soldier in Companj- H, 
16th N. C. Troops, and became Quarterniaster Sergeant in same regiment. 
At the re-organization he was elected Captain of the Company of which 
he was a soldier and its triumphs became a part of his history. Wounded 
at the Battle of Seven Pines, he led his men over the fields of Manassas 
when it was baptized with blood a second time. Participating in the en- 
gagement at Chantilly Farm he was present at the terrible struggle that 
decided the Maryland campaign at Sharpsburg. When he had laid aside 
his sword and returned to peaceful vocations, his people recognized in 
him the deliberate courage and solid qualities of mind that are valuable 
in civil employments; and chose him to be their Commoner in 1868. He 
was returned without opposition in 1870. No mark of confidence could 
have bestowed greater honor upon him. He had been one of a bold and 
true minority that had withstood the seductions of a reckless and ex- 
travagant administration, and had rendered success for the Democracy 
possible. When chgsen a representative in 1872, he was alniost by com- 
mon consent elevated to the highest honor of the body of which he was 
a member, and when the Speaker's baton was again tendered him in 187-1 
it came as a palm of merit that he had no right to put aside. The retri- 
bution in the history of North Carolina came in 1876. The ruins were 
restored. The counties bearing names conspicuously North Carolinian, 
and composing his Senatorial District, called him to serve them in the 
Upper Chamber of the State's councils. He came without opposition, 
and was chosen President of that distinguished body. Long exiDerience 


and great familiarity with the duties of a presiding officer over a deliber- 
ative body made it eminently tit that he be chosen to till this high posi- 
tion. His conduct of the business of the Senate from the asssembliug of 
the Legislature until the qualitication of Lieutenant Governer Jarvis as 
Governor added to his growing rei^upation as a legislator and parliamen- 
tarian. No man ever had more loyal constitvients and no people ever 
had a more faithful servant. His Senatorial services were endorsed by 
a re-election unsought and to which no opposition was ofiered. He was 
elected President of the Senate February 5th, and served in that capacity 
with great acceptability to the whole Senate. His familiaritj' with parli- 
mentary usages, his bold and fearless impartiality and quickness of de- 
cision rendered him admirably fitted for the honored ijosition he filled 
so well. 

ROBERT Mcknight FURMAN, Skcretary, 


Is a gentleman of fine personal ai^pearauce and possesses qualities that 
win friends wherever he goes. He is about 33 years old, is married, has 
two children. He is a native of Franklin countyi. His life since matu- 
rity has been spent principally in the newspaper business. When only 
20 years of age he established the American Eagle, at Louisbui-g, Frank- 
lin county — this was in j^ear 18(56. After some time this paper was moved 
to Henderson and the name changed to that of the Henderson Index, 
which he i5ublished until 18G9, during which year he sold out the paper 
and fixtures to Cicero W. Harris, Esq., now editor of the Wilmington 
Daily Sun. In December of 1869 he mo\ td to Norfolk, Va., and publish- 
ed the Norfolk Courier for one year, after which he had charge for some 
time of the editorial columns of the Ridgeway Press. He was theu em- 
ployed for some time on the Raleigh Daily Sentinel. This was during 
the prosperous days of Josiah Turner. He reported the j^roceediugs of 
the Legislature for this paper at the time W. W. Hold en, Governor of 
the State, was impeached. After sevex-ing his connection with tiiis paper 
he revived the Franklin Courier and published it until October 1872 — at 
which time he purchased the Asheville Citizen from Capt. Natu. Atkin- 
son, and in connection with Jordan vStone, Esq., is still publishing that 
paper. At the State Convention held in Greensboro in 1872, at the time 
Merrimon was nominated for Governor, he received next to the highest 
vote cast for Secretary of State. John Womaek, of Chatham, his oppo- 
nent, Avas nominated by a vez-y small majority. He was elected Secre- 
tary of the Senate for the session of 1876-77, and re-elected wit ho at oppq- 


sition to the saoie position in the present Senate. He is thoroughly con- 
versant with the work of the office and makes an efficient Secretary. — 

JOHN S. TOMLINSON, Engrossing Clerk, 


He is a native of Iredell county. January 1st, 1875, he purchased one- 
half interest in the Piedmont Press, Hickory, N. C, and located in that 
town. September 11th of the same year, he became sole owner and is yet 
the editor and proprietor ot that pajser. — Democrat. 

PLATT D. COWAN, Reading Clerk of Senate, 


Is a native of New Hanover county and a son of the late Robert H. 
Cowan, Esq. He is a heavy built young man, measures 5 feet 10 inches, 
brown eyes, black hair and moustache and runs above 200 avoirdupoise. 
When a boy he attended the High School at Oxford, Granville county; 
later he spent some time about the classic halls of the State University. 
At the age of twelve j'ears he was librarian of the Wilmington Librarian 
Association, after which he was connected for a number of years with 
the Carolina Central Railway Company, but more recently has held a 
position as clerk in the criminal Court of New Hanover county. His 
father was a very eloquent speaker and re^jresented his native county 
many times in the State Legislature. He is a grandson of the lamented 
Hon. David Stone, of Bertie county, who was once Governor of North 
Carolina, Supreme Court Judge and Senator to the United States Con- 
gress. — Democrat. 

H. D. MURRILL, Seargeant-at-Arms. - 

Is from and a native of Onslow county, was born in the year 1840. He 
served during the whole war between the States in different capacities. 
During the last twelve years he has been engaged in farming. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Dr. Charles Duffy, of Onslow county, she has been 
dead four years. — Democrat. 


W. V. CLIFTON, Assistant Door Kebpkr. 


Is a native of Franklin county, was born in the j^ear 1840. He served 
four years in the Confederate service, and was in prison at Point Look- 
out. After the war he served two years as Deputj^ Sheriif of Franklin 
county, since which time he has been living in Wake and engaged at 
farming. He was married in 1866, and has two children, one boy and 
one girl. — Democrat. 




Was born at Moringsville, in Chatham county, on the 11th of March, 
1841, and raised on a farm. He was educated at Graham College and at 
our time-honored State University, and would have graduated with the 
class of 1863 — '64 but for the war between the States. He left the classic 
shades of Chapel Hill in the sjjring of 1862 and joined as a private in 
Company G, 7th Regiment North Carolina State Troops, and was Ser- 
geant Major of the regiment at the suz-render of Johnston at Greens- 
boro, in 1865. When the war was over he studied law, obtained his 
license and entered successfully upon the practice of his profession in 
the counties of Chatham, Orange and Alamance. In 1872 the jseople of 
Chatham county recognizing his merits, elected him to the Legislature 
of North Carolina. In this Legislature he was the chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Engrossed Bills, and a prominent member of the Committees 
on the Judiciary and the State debt. In 1874 he Avas re-elected by a large 
majority to the General Assembly. In 1876 he was elected by an in- 
creased majority to the General Assembly. He was a member of the 
committee to locate the Western Insane Asylum, aiid on the committee 
to cancel and destroy the coupons received under the Funding Acts of 
1867-'68 ; and was on the committee with Major John W. Graham, of 
Orange ; Montford McGehee, of Person ; L. R. Waddell, of Johnston, 
and Thos. R. Purnell, of Wake, to examine and cancel the vouchers in 


office of Treasurer and reported this session. Last summer Mr. ISIoring 
was elected to the House by a larger majority than ever before. The 
people of Chatham are devotedlj^ attached to him ; they have honored 
him by their unwavering support, and he has served them and the peo- 
ple of the State faithfully and ably. Mr. Moring is a good debater and 
industrious member, a good parliamentarian and a true man. Plis de- 
cided character, even temper, quickness and experience fit him admira- 
bly for the post of Speaker, and the duties of that office have been faith- 
fully executed. — Democrat. 

JOHX D. CAMERON, Principal Clerk, 


Is a native of Cumberland county. He was educated at Chapel Hill, 
he having graduated with the class of 1841. He was for some time editor 
in chief of the Raleigh Daily News; has been editor and proprietor of 
the Ilillsboro Recorder for six years ; also contributing editor of the 
Farmer and Mechanic, He has filled the place he now occujjies for the 
three past sessions of the General Assembly. His experience and busi- 
ness qualitications peculiarly tit him to fill the responsible place. — Dem- 



The Engrossing Clerk of the jsresent and the last two Houses of Rep- 
resentatives was born in Gainsville, Ga., March 27th, 1831, and is 48 years 
of age. He received a common school education, and was trained to the 
mercantile business. At the age of 5 years his father, Reuben Barrett, 
toojk him to Lumpkin county, Georgia, to which i^lace the old gentleman 
moved with his family. Here the Major attended school, and com- 
men«ed clei,-king at the age of 17. Leaving this place he went to Rome, 
Ga., and clei-ked until 1851, when, in company with a lot of adventurers, 
he went to California and remained 4 years, engaged in mining, at which 
business he acquired and saved a considerable sum of money. While in 
California he met with, and was a boon companion of, the distinguished 
but unfortunate Indian warrior, Capt. Jack, Chief of the Modocs, and 
contracted a warm and life-long friendship for that ill-starred hero. In 


1854 he returned to Rome, Ga., and opened a dry goods store. This, after 
one year's trial, he changed into a commission business, and made a for- 
tune. Upon the outbreak of the late war between the States he promi)tly 
obeyed the call of his country and enlisted as a private in Company "A," 
Sth Georgia Regiment, then commanded by the laniented Bartow, who 
fell at the first Manassas. A few days after this battle he was promoted 
by Gen, Jos. E. Johnston to the rank of Major, and placed in command 
of the 16th Confederate Battalion, composed entirely of Irishmen, and 
with this command he continued until the invasion of Pennsylvania. 
While at Leesburg, on this eventful campaign, he was ordered by the 
Secretary of War to report to him at Richmond, and was assigned to 
duty with the army of the West, for secret service, at the special request 
of Gen. Bragg, then in command. With this army he remained, shar- 
ing ill all its glories and hardshii)S until the sinking star of the Confede- 
rac.y paled into its final obscuration at Appomattox! The Major was en- 
gaged in many of the great battles of the war, and at the second battle 
of Manassas received a wound which will render him a cripple for life, 
and from which he now sutlers. In 1862 he was married to Miss Mary 
E. Bright, of Lenoir county, and has six children. He has traveled a 
good deal, and left friends wherever he has gone. He is tall, dignified, 
and commanding in appearance, and, but for his wound, would be an 
athletic man. Is a positive man— always has, and never hesitates to ex- 
press, an opinion. Has strong likes, and as strong antipathies. Is quick 
to resent an atfront, and, when aroused is a dangerous foe, but when 
shown to be in the wrong, as readv to forgive. — Democrat. 

ROBT. W. BEST, Rkading Clerk. 


Is a native of Greene county. In ISoT he was elected Clerk of Greene 
county court, which position he held two terms, or eight years. He 
was purchasing agent for commissai-y su^jplies during the war, under 
Maj. W. W. Morrison and Dr. T. D, Hogg, After the war closed he was 
appointed Secretary of State, to fill the unexpired term of C. R. Thomas, 
and moved to Raleigh in November, 1865, He held the said oifice during 
the administration of Governor Worth, and gave universal satisfaction, 
— so much so that the Legislature in 1866 voted unanimously for his re- 
election. He has filled the principal otfices in the Grand Lodge of Ma- 
sons of North Carolina, and was Grand Master in 1868. 

JOHN HILL, Door-Kkepf;r, 


Is one of the smallest men in the JTriuse, but is a very energetic and 
working old gentleman. He has see.) t!ie frosts of 6G winters', and is to- 
day as active as a young man of 18 .rammers. He uas a wife and one 
child living. He lost two sons during the late contest between the States, 
By profession he is a confectioner ;it Ashlwro, the county town of Ran- 
dolph. He has held the place he now occupies in the G aneral Asseiijbly 
for the whole time during the past eighteen years. — Democrat. 

JAMES P. NORTON, Assistant Door-Keeper, 
MARIOX, N. c. 

Is a large and portly man, weighing 215 lbs. He joined the Confede- 
rate army in March, 1802, and was wounded in the leg at the famous bat- 
tle of Seven Pines. His leg was amijutated in the Exchange Hospital, 
Richmond, Va., May 3d. He was a member of Company C, 4th Reg't 
N. C. State Troops, in Gen. Featherston's Brigade and Gen. D. H. 
Hill's Corps. Since the war he has been earning a living for himself and 
his small family by shoemaking and managing a small farm. He was 
elected Assistant Door-Keeper of the House for the session of 1874-'75, 
and Principal Door-Keeper for the Constitutional Convention of 1875. 
For the session of the General Assembly of 1876-' 77 he was again elected 
Assistant Door-Keeijer of the House and re-elected to the same position 
for the iDresent session. — Democrat. 

A. D. BROOKS, Enrolling Clerk, 
Company Shops, Alamance County, N. C. 

Is a native of Chatham county ; has brown eyes, black hair and mous- 
tache ; stands six feet and six Inches in his boots, and tips the scales at 
the even notch of 200 lbs. He graduated at Trinity College in the class 
of 1874-'75. For some time past he has liad charge of a Methodist School 
at Company Shops, which school is under the direction of the Hillsboro 
District Conference. Mr. B. is a very clever young gentleman, and is 
rapidly aspiring to matrimonial honors. 




UALBIGH, N. ('. 

Was born in the county of Currituck on the ISth day of Januarj^, 1836. 
His father was a devout and useful member of the M. E. Church South. 
Owing to straitened ciz'cumstances our Governor followed the plow until 
liis eighteenth year, ■^^'hen after a year's preparation at home he entered 
Randolph Macon College, in Virginia, and by teaching during his vaca- 
tions and with the aid of friends he was enabled to complete his educa- 
tion and gi-aduated in 1860, whereupon he immediately began teaching a 
■school in Pasquotank (;ounty and continued until June, 1861, when he 
entered the army and served in the 17th and 8th Regiments N. C» State 
Troops. He shared all the dangers and liardvships of his command until 
the 17th of May, 1864, when he was severely wounded at Drury's Bluff, 
from whicli wound liis riglit arm now liangs paralyzed at his side. After 
the war he entered into the mercantile business in the county of Tyrrell 
and at the same time arduously pursued the study of law and received 
his license to practice at June Term, 1866, of the Sujjreme Court. In the 
year 1865 he was elected to the Andrew Johnson Convention. He served 
in tlie Legislature in the memorable sessions of 1868-"69 and 1870, In 
1870 he was re-elected to tlie Legislature and made S^jeaker of the House 
of Representatives. His success on tlie floor and in the chair at once 
stamped him as one of the best parlianientarians and presiding officers in 
North Carolina. He was a candidate for Elector from his district oa tlie 
Seymour and J31air ticket and for the State at large on tlie Greeley tickets 
In 1874 he married Miss Mary, tlie accomplished daughter of John Wood- 
ron, Esq., of Richmond, Va., at one time editor of the Richmond Wliig- 
In 1876 Gov. Jarvis was elected to the State Convention from the county 
of Pitt where lie had located, and having been nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor in 1876 made a thorough canvass and was triumphantly elected. 
On the 5tli of February, 1879, Governor Vance having been elected to the 
United States Senate, Gov. Jarvis reaped his merited reward and was in- 
augurated Governor of his State. Governor Jarvis is a man of decided 
ability, and is now taking a prominent j)lace in the estimation of tli-e 
people as the Chief Magistrate of the State. — Democrat. 



Was born in Raleigh, July 30th, 1835, graduated in June, 1854, studied 
law under Judge W. H. Battle, at Chaj^el Hill, obtained license to prac- 
tice in the county courts in January, 1856, and another to practice in the 
other courts in June, 1857. On the 10th of October, 1857, he moved to Sal- 
isbury, and resided there until the beginning of the war. In April, 1861, 
he volunteered as a member of the Rowan Rifle Guards, Capt. Frank 
McNeely, and was ordered to Fort Johnston, below AVilmington. In 
June, 1861, he was appointed a Lieutenant in the " Rowan Artillery," 
better known as Reilly's Battery, then in camp for instruction ner Wel- 
don. Tlie Battery went with the 4th Regiment, N. C. Troops, Colonel G. 
B, Anderson commanding, to Manassas Junction, arriving there a few 
days after the battle, and remained until its equipment was somewhat per- 
fected, when, having been detached from the Regiment, it was assigned 
to the Artillery Corjis of Colonel Pendleton. Having received an ajipoint- 
ment as Captain from Governor Clark, of North Carolina, he resigned his 
Lieutenancy in Januarj', 1862, and returned to Salisburj^, enlisted a com- 
pany of infantry for the war, carried it to Raleigh for instruction at Camp 
Mangum where it became a part of the 46th Regiment, North Caralina 
Troops, Colonel E. D. Hall commanding. In May, 1862, the regiment 
was ordered to Goldsboro, thence to Richmond, thence to Drurys Bluli', 
where it became a pai't of Gen. J. G. Walker's Brigade, better known 
afterwards as Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, A. P. Hill's Corps, Army 
Northern Virginia. He was twice wounded — once at the first battle at 
Fredericksburg, in the right cheek, and again at the Wilderness in May, 
1864, very severely, the ball entering the left corner of the mouth, and 
passing out at the back of the neck on the right side. He was promoted 
in 1862 to be Major, in 1863 to be Lieutenant Colonel, and on the flrst of 
January, 1864, to be Colonel of his Regiment. His military service was 
terminated at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, by the surrender of 
General Lee, on the 9th of April, 1865, when he was paroled as a prisoner 
of war. On the 3d of February, 1864, at the residence of Mr. Thomas 
Barnes, near INIarianna, Florida, he married Florida Call, third daughter 
of the late John W. Cotton, of North Carolina. On the 9th of July, 1865, 
his wife died. With health and strength greatly impaired by wounds, 
Colonel Saunders after the war removed to Florida and engaged in plant- 
ing. Returning to this State, he was elected in 1870 Secretary of the Sen- 
ate, and in 1872 was re-elected. His readiness and familiarity with its 
rules made him a most useful officer of the Senate. From 1872 to 1876 he 
was one of the editors of the Wilmington Journal, winning high char- 
acter as a journalist and great reiiutation as a wise political leader. To 
him and to his brother-in-law and partner, the late Major Engelhard, 
are greatly due the steady growth and final triumph of the Democratic 


party in Xorth Carolina. In November, 1876, he in connection with 
Peter M. Hale, established the Raleigh Daily Observer. Col. Saunders 
was appointed Secretary by Gov. Jarvis on the 17th of February to till 
the vacancy caused by the death of Maj. JoseiJh A. Engelhard, who was 
elected by the people in 1876, and served very acceptably until his death, 
which occurred on the loth of Februarv. — Democrat. 

JOHN M. WORTH, Tkeasuekk, 

YALEIGH, >'. C. 

Born in Guilford count}^ June 28th, 1811, Graduated as a pliysician in 
the Medical College at Lexington, Ky. AVas a member of the State Sen- 
ate seven different times. His home is now in Randoliih (.-ounty. — Dem- 

THOMAS S. KENAN, Attorney General. 


Born in Duplin county February' 17th, 1838. Graduated at Chapel Hill 
in 1857. A lawyer by profession. Entered the army as Captain but was 
promoted to the Colonelcy of the 43d Reginaent North Carolina State 
Troops. Was a member of the House of Representatives in 186.3 and in 
1866. His home is at Wilson, N. C. — Democrat. 

JOHN C. SCARBOROUGH, Superintexdent of Public Instruction, 


Was born in Wake county, Sei^tember 21st, 1841. Served through the 
war. Graduated at Wake Forest in 1869. His home is now in Johnston 
countv. — Democrat. 



Born in Haywood county, Avignst 28th, 1828. Educated at Washing- 
ton College, Tennessee. Read medicine at Asheville, N. C, under Drs.- 
Hardy and Lester. Attended the Philadeljihia College of Medicine two 
years, and graduated with the class of 1853. Was elected a meniher of 
Gov. Bragg's Council for the years 1855-'56, but resigned this position 
to accept a seat in the House of Commons, and continued to represent 
his county in that cai^acity until after the war, he then being banded.- 
Next ai?pearance in political life was as a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1875. At the State Convention in 1876 he received the 
unanimoris vote of the Convention for Auditor, and was elected and still 
holds that office. During the war he held a commission as Sergeon in 
Thomas" Legion. Married October 11th, 1870 to Miss R. E. Boydy 
daughter of Maj. Robt. Boyd, who died on the 23rd of October, 1878. — 

LEE S. OVERMAN, Private Secretary to Governor, 


Was born in Salisbury on the 3rd day of January, 1854 ; Avas graduated 
from Trinity College in 1874, receiving the degree of A. B., and three 
years later the degree of A. M. was conferred upon him by his Alma 
Mater. After graduation he taught school in Winston two sessions, 
and then accepted the principalship of a Masonic school at County Line 
in Davie county. In June, lS7f), he commenced the study of law under 
Col. J. M. McCorkle, of Salisbury, and in the campaign of 1876 took a 
very active part. On the 31st of January, 1877, he was apiiointed bj'Gov. 
Vance his confidential clerk, and on the 1st of January, 1879, he received 
the appointment of Private Secretary. While in Raleigh he pursued the 
study of his profession under Richard H. Battle, Jr., Esq., and at the 
January Term, 1878, of the Supreme Court received license and Avas ad- 
mitted to the bar. On the 31st of October, 1878, he was married to Miss 
Mary O., eldest daughter of Senator A. S. Merrimon. Gov. Jarvis con- 
tinued him in the office of Private Secretary which he now holds. Mr. 
Overman is a good looking and clever gentleman and makes an excel- 
lent Secretary. Since he entered the practice of law he has succeeded 
well, and received the high compliment of gaining the first suit he 
brought before the Supreme Court, and he having in that instance a prima 
facia case against him.— Democrat. 

SHERWOOD HAYWOOD, Statk Librarian, 


Was born in the citj' of Raleigh March 19il., IKoS, and is the oldest son 
of Dr. R. B. Haywood. He began his studies in his native city under 
.Tetferson M. Lovejoy, afterwards attending in succession "Pclliam Mili- 
tary Institute, Westchester county, Xew York, an<l 13th Street College, 
Philadelphia. After leaving the latter he i^ursued his studies at Colum- 
bia Law School, New York city, having decided to make the law his pro- 
fession. He returned to Raleigh in the spring of 1875, following the 
study of the law under R. H. Battle, Jr. Having turned his attention 
to polities, he took an active part in the great campaign of 1876, and was 
one of the leaders in organizing the Tilden-Vance Club of Raleigh, prob- 
ably the largest in the State, having a memberBljip of 763 voters, and was 
elected Vice-President of the same. Shortly afterward he was apjioint- 
ed Private Secretary to Gen. W. R. Cox, Cliairman of State Democratic 
Executive Committee, which position he hold during the entire cam- 
paign. Tlie Democratic ticket being elected, he v>-as appointed by Gov. 
Z. B. Vance State Librarian soon after he was inaugurated, January 1st, 
1877, since which time he has devoted himself to the duties of that office 
and the study of his profession. He applied to the Supreme Court, and 
after examination was admitted to practice as an attornej" and counselor 
at law January 1st, 1878. His close attention to his duties as Librarian, 
his genial disi^osition and pleasant manners have rendered him very 
popular with all Avho visit the State Lilu-arj'. — Democrat. 

DONALD W. BAIX, Clerk to the Treasurer, 


Born in the city of Raleigh Ajji-il 2d, 1841. Was educated by Professor 
J. M. Lovejoy. Was prepared for College, but preferring to engage in 
business pursuits, he never entered college. Was married January 26, 
1865, to Miss Adelaide V. Hill. Is a member of the M. E. Clhurcli, South, 
and has served as an otficer in said church since 1866. He entered the 
office of Comptroller under C. H. Brogden in 1857. In tliis capacity he 
served the State until appointed Cliief Clerk of the Treasury Depart- 
ment, which he has held ever since. In February, 1867, he was appoint- 
ed Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Masons in North Carolina, 
and has been annually elected ever since. He also holds the position of 
Grand Secretary and Gr. Recorder of the othet- Masonic bodies in the 
State. Mr. Bain has the confidence of every one who knows him, and a 


more deserving, worthy gentleman is not to be found in the State. He 
is a most estimable gentleman, and all who know him love him.— Dem- 

TPI0MA8 C. WORTH, Tkller of Treasury, 


Was born the 9th of November, 1854. He was educated at the Bingham 
School, and up to the time of his appointment as Teller, was engaged 
with his fatlier, Hon. .J. M. Worth, in mercantile pursuits. Upon the 
withdrawal of Hon. M. 8. Robins, in 1876, from the editorial duties on 
the Randolph Regulator, to accei^t the nomination of State Senator from 
the 25th District, he was left editor-in-chief during the hottest period of 
the campaign of 1876. He graduated at Judge Strong's Law School in 
1878, January term. His business accomplishments eminently fit him 
for the responsible trust he holds in the Treasury Department. He w^as 
married on the 3d of October, 1878, to a daughter of Mr. George C. Han- 
nah, of Charlotte county, Va. — Democrat. 

JAMES McLEOD TURNER, Keeper of the Capitol, 


Born in District of Columbia, near Washington, D. C, February 24th, 
1841. Came to North Carolina in the early part of the year 1852. Located 
in Hillsboro ; received an education at Alexandria High School, Alex- 
andria, Va. Located in Salisbury in 1858. At the call of Gov. Ellis for 
troops to man the Forts on the coast, he joined the first company that 
left Salisbury and was ordered to Fort Johnson, at Smithvillc, N. C. 
Remained there two months, when he received an appointment from the 
Governor to raise a company for the war. Was assigned to the 7th Reg- 
iment under Col. Reuben P. Camiabell. The following brief statement 
of his career during the war is copied from the Roll of Honor: "His 
coini^any was mustered into service as Co. F, 7th N. C. Regiment, Aug. 
21st, 1861. He was in command of the rear guai-d at New Berne, N. C, 
and his company was left to burn the bridge over the Trent River after 
the retreat of our forces. He was slightly wounded in the side. He was 
present at the battle of Hanover Court House, Va., in all the battles 
around Richmond, at Cedar Run, Manassas Plains, and 2d battle of Ma- 
nassas, where he was wounded in the head and compelled to leave the 
field. He rejoined his command shortly after the battle of Shepherds- 
town, and was witli it ii\ the battle of Fi-edericksburg December 13th, 


1863, when he was again dangerously wounded bj^ a ball through the 
right lung and also severely in the head. He was promoted to Major of 
this Regiment May 3d, 1803, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Lieut. Col. Hill. He rejoined his command in time to take jjart in the 
campaign in Pennsylvania, and commanded his regiment in the battle 
of Gettysburg ; was wounded by a ball passing near the spinal column, 
disabling him jDrobably for life ; was captured on that battle-tield on July 
;5d, 1803, and held a prisoner of war for fourteen months. The 7th Regi- 
ment had nota Ijraver soldier or more efficient offi(-er than Maj. Turner." 
After his release from prison his general officers insisted on his promo- 
tion to Lieutenant-Colonel before retirement, for which he had applied, 
being so disabled as to be unable to return to active service. Since the 
war he has been for the greater part of the time unalile to attend to any 
business. He was elected Engrossing Clerk to the Senate session of 
1872-'73, and was chosen without opposition to the same position each 
succeeding year, until in January, 1877, he ^vlas a^jpointed Keeper of the 
Capitol by Gov. Vance. He sutlers a great deal every day from the effects 
of the wounds received during the war. He is an intelligent and highly 
cultivated gentleman, and has a large circle of warm friends. — Democrat. 

FIELDING McNElLL STRAl'GIIAX, Capitot. Janitor, 

UAI.KlUir, N. c. 

"Was born in Cliatliam county Febi'uarv 23d, 1S34. Mo\ed to Raleigh 
in 1851. Was married December 23d, 18r)!», to Miss Eliza Massingall, of 
Wake county, by whom he has five children. Was in the Confederate 
service from the beginning to the end. He served as teamster for the 
medical department of the 26th (Col. Vance's) Regiment. He was ap- 
pointed Janitor of the Capitol eight years ago, and has held the position 
ever since witli much credit to himself. He is very attentive, and per- 
forms Ids duties thithl'iiUv.— Democrat. 

GERARD \V. PARTIN, Capitol Watchmax, 


Born in Wake couniy Nuvem)<er 10th, 1840. Raised on a farm. Vol- 
unteered and entered the Ccm federate service on the 22d May, 1861, was 
a member of Company D, 20th Regiment N. C. State Troo^js. He was 
wounded the 3d day of July, 18()3, at the battle of Gettysburg. Pa., which 
wound afterwards caused tlie amputation of his right arm. After the 


war has been engaged in farming, until 1877 was appointed by Colonel 
J. McLeod Turner as Capitol Policeman. His duties are to remain up 
all night and patrol the various jjarts of the Cai^itol building, to see that 
there is no danger of fire breaking out in the different rooms, and to 
supi^ress any disturbance that might occur on the Capitol grounds. — 

TjEONIDAS L. polk. Commissioner op Agriculture, 


Born in Ansou county Ajiril 24th, 1837 — a descendant of the Mecklen- 
burg family of Polks. The only child by the second marriage of his 
father. Parents died wiien he was about 15 years old. Educated only 
in the English branches and chiefly in the schools of his county ; was 
one year at Davidson College. Married at 20 years of age. Engaged in 
farming. Was elected to the Legislature in 1860 as a Union Whig ; served 
three sessions. Entered the Confederate service as a private in the 26th 
North Carolina Regiment in May, 1862. Was ajjijointed by Col. Vance 
Sergeant Major of the Regiment ; was elected Lieutenant of Co. I, 43d 
North Carolina Regiment, February, 1803. Was nominated and elected 
to the Legislature in the fall of 1864 as "the army candidate." Was 
elected to the Constitutional Convention in lvS65, and served the two ses- 
sions. Has since persistently declined to liold political office. Was ap- 
pointed Commissioner of Agriculture by the Board, April 2d, 1877. 
Resides in Raleigh. — Democrat. 

THOMAS J. ROBINSON, Sec'y and Treas. Board of Agriculture, 


Was born in Cumberland county, A. D. 1827. Is a graduate of the 
University of North Carolina, class of 1849. Was married at the age of 
25. Engaged in farming and afterwards in teaching school ; was ap- 
pointed Professor of Mathematics in the United States Navy, and at the 
breaking out of the war resigned his commission and returned to North 
Carolina ; was connected with the Confederate Arsenal in Fayetteville, 
and held the position of Chief of Laboratory at the time of the surrender. 
Since then for several years was engaged in civil engineering, and in 
April, 1877, was appointed to his present position. — Democrat. 




The Insane Asylum of North Carolina is situated one mile southwest 
of the Capitol at Raleigh. It is a building of imposing exterior, extend- 
ing 72<) feet; the wings are three stories in height. The centre building 
is SO by 120 fuet, four stories high, with an observatory which is 110 feet, 
from the basement. On the fourth floor of the centre building are 
water tanks of a capacity of 15,000 gallons, which are filled by means of 
the steam pump operating on Rockj^ Branch some three or four hundred 
yards from the building. The walls of the building are of brick stuccoed 
on a granite foundation. The doors, floors, window frames and other 
parts of the internal linish, are of the common long leaf pine of the country. 
The entire basement of the centre and wings of the building is occupied 
by the heating apparatus, water, steam and gas piping, and the large 
pipes for carrying!;olf the sewerage. The steam is conveyed by pipes to 
the radiator at the base of the tluei^ in the walls, tlience through the flues 
to each story above where it enters the rooms and corridors through reg- 
isters inserted ^in the ^walls. The water is conveyed by pipes from the 
tanks in the attic to all parts of the building; one large pipe taking it to 
the boilers in the basement where it is heated and then by the force of 
gravity carried by a separate system of pipes to the same points, so that 
every part of the building is supplied with hot and cold water side by 
side. The house was^riginally constructed to accommodate 224 inmates. 
but owing to the great demand for admission there have been during the 
past years as many as 275 crowded within its wards. Tlie buildings are 
well prepared against fire, the apparatus and arrangement being very 
complete, and^the large supply of water contained in the tanks in the at- 
tic, besides a reservoir of 43,000 gallons near the boiler house, can, at a 
moment's notice, be*tlirown on any part of the house fi om within or 
without by an eugine>ept always in readiness for action. The first act 
incorporating the Insane Asylum of North Carolina was passed by the 
Legislature of 1848, making an appropriiition of ?80,000. Other appropri- 
ations were made by subsequent Legislatures, the whole amounting to 
about §300,000. The first inmate, Andrew M. Holderby, of Rockingham 
county, a soldier of the^Mexican war, was adnntted on the 22nd of Feb- 
ruary, 1856, From that time to the spring of 1878, as shown by the re- 
part of the Superintendent to the Board of Directors, there have been. 


admitted to the institution 1,240 patients, of wliieh number 315 were dis- 
charged cured, 127 improved, 180 stationary, and 334 died, leaving upon 
the books 281 under treatment tlie present year. The enterjirise of erect- 
ing and maintaining an Asjdum for the insane met with very strong op- 
position at the outset. The success of the movement was owing mainly 
to the personal influence and exertion of Miss D. L, Dix, whose life has 
been devoted to tlie alleviation of the suite rings of this class of our fellow 
creatures both in this country and Europe. On both continents she has 
been directl}^ instruiiiental in the organization of hospitals and asylums 
for their care and treatment, and in arousing sympathy in their behalf. 
Through her elibrts the Pope was influenced, son^.e years ago, to erect a 
magniflcent institution for the insane at Rome. Soon after the passage 
of the act of incorporation in 1848, the Commissioners of the Asylum 
were organized by tlie appointment of Governor Moreliead as Chairman, 
and tlie work ou the building was l)egun. The super intendency was first 
offered to Dr. Edmund Strudwick, of Hillsboro, who accepted it only tem- 
porarily. He was succeeded by Dr. Edward C. Fisher, of Virginia, on 
the first day of October, 1853, as Superintendent of Construction and 
Medical Superintendent. He held the position until the 7th of July, 
1868, when he resigned and was succeeded by the present incumbent. Dr. 
Eugene Grissom, of Gianville county. The other officers of the institu- 
tion at present are Dr. F. T. Fuller, Assistant Physician, who has held 
that position and faithfidly performed its duties continuously since his 
election in 185G; Mr. .James H. Moore, Steward, who is now filling the 
position for the third time with much acceptability; Mrs..M. A. Law- 
rence, Matron, who has occupied the' place with great eificiency for ten 
years, and Mr. James S. West, Engineer, who was elected at the regular 
meeting of the Board in Decejuber, 1S77. The Insane Asylum is one of 
<our grandest State charities and ought to be cherished and sustained by 
our Legislature, and nuide a worthy object of State pride by ali our 



Owing to the increase of iiis'inity in the State by reason of wdiich the 
Asylum at Kaleigh was insufticient to accommodate all of those so un- 
fortunate the Legislature or' 1S7-J-T5 thought wise to locate and build an 
Asylum in the \"\'eslern i;art of the State and to this end sent a special 
committee westward with instructions to visit Statesville, Morgan ton, 
Asheville and other poin's, and report the most advantageous place of 
ocation. Followiir; th';' rei)()i't of that cinnmittec, the location was con- 


tested for l>y various towns of the West. ^lorgantou, h()\ve^-er, was suo 
cessful in securing the location and under an act of the Legislature enti- 
tled " An act to provide another asylum for the insane of North Carolina," 
ratified ISIarch 10th, 1875, the following Commissioners were appointed 
to carry out the provisions of the act, to-wit : Hon. Wm. A. Graham, of 
Orange; Dr. I^^ugeneGrissom, of Wake; Dr. Nereus Mendenhall, of Guil- 
ford; Col. T. G.Walton, of Burke, and Dr. M, Whitehead, of Rowan. 
Very soon, however, Hon. Wm. A. Graham resigned and Capt. C. B. 
Denson, of Chatham, was elected by tlie board to fill the vacancy. The 
Board being fully organized they entered upon a vigorous prosecution 
of their labors. Sam'l Sloan, Esq., of Philadelphia, eminent as an archi- 
tect, was employed to draft a design with sj^ecifications, for the build- 
ing. His success is well attested by the vei-y commodious and well ap- 
pointed structure which since that time has been slowly but surely 
rearing its head over one of the most beautiful landscape scenes 
to be foud in Western North Carolina. The site is one that has called 
forth the admiration of all who have ever visited it. Elevated as it is, 
its surroundings are picteresque in the extreme. Immediately in front 
a placid and beautiful lake of water floats out upon the view, whilst on 
every side the most enticing prospect of arable land is presented. At a 
distance the view is one of svirpassing grandeur and beauty. To the 
north may be seen the Grandfather and Table Rock mountains, then 
followin one vast circle Hi Briten, the South IVIountains, tlie Pilot, Black 
Mountain, Mounts Mitchell and Clingman, with others of lesser note. 
All this would seem to be ■i">eculiarly adapted in its soothing infiuence 
vipon the mind of tlie Insane. The water supply of the As^dvim is brought 
by pipes four and three-fourths miles from a sju-ing in the heart of the 
tSoutli Mountains, and considering the importance of an abundant sup- 
ply of pure water to an institution of this kind does credit to the wisdom 
of the coinmissioners who contrived it. The work progressed during 
the seasons of 1875-'7fi, imtil the commission exi^ended about seventy- 
five thousand dollars with which they had bought the site and requisite 
lands, (in all over two hundred acres), had laid the water line, and put 
into the walls about two and one half millions of lirick, making alto- 
gether a fine showing in the important work they had undertaken. The 
entire length of the building is !11S feet in a straight line. Has a centre 
building and four wings in the riglit and left of this, three of which are 
parallel and the end ones at right angles to them. The centre building 
is four stories high, the first two wings three stories, the others two sto- 
ries, twenty separate wards in all. Tlie material used is all of best qvial- 
it}'. Under an actof the Legislature, enlitled "An act to provide for the 
completion of the Western Asylum for the Insane," ratified March 7th, 
1877; Col. J. C, Harper, of Caldwell county, (who had also served on the 
former Board since Dr. M. Whitehead resigned), J. G. Hall, Esq., of Ca- 
tawba, and Col. W. S. Pearson, of Burke, were appointed to still further 
prosecute the work. Tkeir management has been in effect to carry out 


the wise plans adopted by their predecessors. They, however, -were* 
limited to the construction of the centre building and south wings, leav- 
ing the north wings until the Rlate'should be financially better prepared 
to carry out the entire original plan, and an early comijletion of a part of 
the building being demanded by the necessities of the insane. This 
commission placed in the walls about three and one half million brick, 
have the south wings about seven-eights covered with slate, and have 
expended some sixty thousand dollars. It is thought an aditional ex- 
Ijenditure of one hundred thousand dollars will put the building in con- 
dition to be used. Investigation has shown this work to surpass any 
previous public work in point of workmanship and economy of expen- 



The North Carolina Institution for the education of the Deaf, Dumb 
and Blind was founded in 184:9. There are now present in the Institu- 
tion one hundred and thirty-hve pupils. The larincipal officers are, H^ 
A. Gudger, Principal; R. S. Tucker, President of the Board; E. Hall, 
Stewart. The Institution is under the management of a Board of Direct- 
ors, (7) appointed by the Governor and contirmed by the Senate. Their 
term of office is two years and until their successors are appointed. The 
Principal is elected by the Board for the same length of time — the other 
officers for one year. The Institution for the colored Deaf and Dumb 
and Blind was commenced in 1868. The building now occupied by 
them was built under an appropriation made by tlie Legislature of 1873. 
It is located one mile from the main Institution and is under the same 
Board of Directors and principal officers. Pupils from the State, be- 
tween 8 and 21, are admitted free of charge. Total number of white and 
colored deaf mute and blind jjersons under instruction at present is one 
hundred and ninety-four. The Institution is in a prosperous condition. 
Under the general order to investigate the affairs of the Penal and Chari- 
table Institutions, the connnittee made a most flattering report as to the 
efficiency of the officers of this Institution and the manner in which they, 
had discharged their duties during the two past years. 



The University of North Carolina was establislied iu obedience to a 
clause of Section XLI of the Constitution of the State, adopted on the 
I8th of December, 1776, viz : "All useful learning shall be duly encour- 
aged and promoted in one or more Universities." In consetjuence of 
the exigencies of the War for Independence, and the prostration follow- 
ing it, some years elapsed before the mandate of the Constitution was 
carried into eflect. On the 21st of November, 1789, the Convention of 
the State, sitting in Fayetteville, ratified the Constitution of the United 
States and entered the American Union. One month thereafter tlie Gen- 
eral Assembly, sitting in the same town, granted the Charter of the Uni- 
versity. The preamble declares that "in all well regulated governments 
it is the indispensable duty of every Legislature to consult the happiness 
of the rising generation, and endeavor to fit them for an honorable dis- 
charge of the social dirties of life by paying the strictest attention to 
their education," and that " a University supported by permanent funds, 
and well endowed, would have the most direct tendency to answer the 
above purpose." The trustees were the leading men of that day, many 
of them having assisted in framing the Constitution of 177(>. In Novem- 
ber, 1792, the University was located at Chapel Hill, in the county of 
Orange, near the centre of the State, twenty-eight miles from Raleigh, 
the seat of government, on an elevated plateau several hundred feet 
above the sandstone basin, which traverses the State ; a plateau remark- 
able for the purity of its water, the beauty and variety of its forest 
growth, the healthfulness of its climate. The land on which the build- 
ings are located, 840 acres in one body, was donated by the citizens of the 
neighborhood. In October, 1793, the corner stone of the first building, 
the Old East, was laid with Masonic honors by Governor Wm. Richard- 
son Davie, Grand Master. The doors were opened for students in Feb- 
ruary, 1795. The buildings are now seven in numlier, attbrding accom- 
modations for 500 students, with ample recitation rooms and public halls. 
The University had attained a commanding position among the Institu- 
tions of learning of this country, having nearly five hundred students, 
when the great civil war dispersed its students and shattered its endow- 
ment. In 1872 its doors were closed and were not re-opened until Sep- 
tember, 1875. In the fourth j^ear after this re-opening the number of 
matriculates was 200. It is evidently rapidly regaining its former pros- 
perity. The LTniversity is under the control of a Board of 72 Trustees 
elected by the joint vote of the General Assembly. t)f these one-fourth 
go out of office, and their places are filled every two years. Although 
not required by law, in practice they are distributed among the Con- 
gressional Districts. The Board meets regularly twice a year ; in the 
winter at a day selected by the Chairman, and during commencement 


week. The former is called the Annual Meeting. The Governor is ex- 
officio Chairman of the Board. Ten constitute a quoruni. The Univer- 
sity Normal School is held for six weeks in the summer vacations. In 
1878 there were over four hundred " teachers and those desiring to teach " 
in attendance, inclitding some of the most experienced teachers in the 
State. All the branches usual in our public schools were taught, and 
besides for the more advanced — Latin, Algebra, Higher English, Chem- 
istry. The Kindergarten system was likewise unfolded by a skilled in- 
structor. Miss Coe, of New York. Care was taken to secure the services 
of experts in Normal methods. Prof. J. .J. Ladd, late Superintendent of 
the public schools of Staunton, Va., was Superintendent of che School. 
He delivered many lectures on school discipline, organization, etc., <fec. 
The enthusiasm aroused by the University Normal School has given a 
strong impetus to the cause of education in this State. 



In compliance with section 17, article 3, of the State Constitution, the 
Legislature passed an act March 12th, 1877, for the creation of the Depart- 
ment. The Board consists of the Governor, the President of the Univer- 
sity, the Master of the State Grange Patrons of Husbandry, the President 
of the State Agricultural Society, the State Geologist, and .T. R. Thigpen, 
of Edgecombe county, and Jonathan Evans, of Cumljerland couutj'. L. 
L. Polk, of Anson, Commissionci-; Thos. .T. Robinson, of Cumberland, 
Secretary and Treasurer ; Dr. A. R. Ledoux, of N. Y., Analytical Chem- 
ist; Geo. Wariiccke, of Germany, Assistant Chemist ; Wm. B. Phillips, 
of Orange, Assistant Cliemist. The Department has a corps of corres- 
pondents representing every county and almost eveiy townshijj in the 
State, through whose aid the Commissioner is enabled to collect si^eci- 
mens of the various products — to collect and disseminate such infor- 
mation as relates to the various resources, industries and conditions of 
our people. A Museum is connected with the office, where is displayed 
the collection of specimens, maps of counties, charts, etc. The Fertilizer 
Control Station, under the direction of Dr. Ledoux, at Chapel Hill, ana- 
lyzes fertilizers, soils, waters, minerals, chemicals, itc, for the farmers 
ofthevState. The Department is sustained entirely l)y a tax on fertili- 
zers, and is the only one in America that is kept up without a tax on the 
people. Although it is yet in its infancy, it has accomplished much good 
and will doubtless do a gieat work in Imilding up the material prosjieri- 
ty'of the State. 


iDimecticut Mutual Li[s Insurance Compas;, 



.Assets, December 31, 1878, $48,179,128.34: 

Has sarplus over all Liabilities, Reserve at i per cent. $3,404,076.75 

Received in 1878, premiums, interest, &c., 9,420,424.40 
Ratio of expense of management to repeii>ts in 1878 only, 6.57 per cent. 

Policies in force Dec. 31st, 1878, 64,979, insuring 170,.S19,164.00 

Paid Death Claims and matured endowments in 1878, 3,407,593.28 

Paid Dividends to members in 1878, 2,346,137.71 
Please send for full statement, with table of rates, &c. 

S. 1). AVAIT, General Agent, 





(FOXJ3Srr>EID IS/LA.-^, 18453.) 



Rector and Prixcipal. 

Lady Principal. 



Attorneys & Counselors at Law, 


*S" Practice ill I he sf ate and F' diral Ci'uj-ts wherever their services may be 


Jeweler and Engraver, 




Keeps a full line of all articles found in a first-class Jewelry 


FIi4Il 411 f 41S¥ lilts, 

Made to order at short notice. (Send for Patent Ring Size.) 


a Specialty, 

Orders from a distance solicited. >g®=Goods sent on approval to any part of the 
State on satisfactory references . 







JOHN GATLING, President. 

W. H. CHOW, Vice-President. 

W. S. PRIMROSE, Secretary and Treasurer. 

P. COWPER, Adjuster and Supervisor. 




University of Nortli Carolina, 

Commencement, 1st Thursday in June of each year. 

The Session begins last Thursdny in August and continues, with a week's vaca- 
tion at Christmas, until first Thursday in June. 

For Catalogue, apply to 
KEMP P. liATTLiE, Prof. C. ». GRANDY. 

President. Secretary. 






Large Stock of goods constantly on hand, consisting of 


And everything kept in a First-class Tailoring Establishment. 



Physician and Surgeon, 

ralp:igii, n. c. 


LAWRENCE & RENFROW, Proprietors, 



Persons visiting Raleigh should not fail to give this first-class establishment s 
call, where they will always tind the finest 


Wines and Liquors sold in any quantities less than f;ve gallons. The best North 
Carolina and Virginia Liquors always on hand. 

For good Boots and Shoes, or Trunks, at low prices, call or send to Heller Bros., 
Raleigh, N. C. Orders by mail promptly filled. 






Write fo7' Catalogue. 

Shaw University 



This School is beautifully located in the city of Raleigh, N. C, within five min- 
utes walk of the Post Olflce and Capitol. The grounds include several acres of 
tand, and are among the finest in the City. This Institution already furnishes by 
far the largest accommodations of any colored male and female school in North 
Carolina, and in the large number of advanced pupils, is not equaled by any col- 
ored Institute in this country. 

REV. H. M. TUPPER, A. M., 



^ttornev at Lavv^, 


4®=8pecial attention given to collection of claims in all parts of the State."^a 





Practice in the State and Federal Courts, in Western North Carolina." 






Mrs. Oettingei- attends to Millinery Branch. 

4S" Orders from a distance will meet with prompt attenticn^SSSi 



Booksellers and Stationers, 


School Books and Sunday !-'c-liool Books are specialties. New Catalogues free 
on arplicjitioii. Every tiling- in our line at LOWEST PEICES. 


ledmont Wason Co. 

Has determine. 1 to >ret a few of their celel-irated wagons introduced throughout 
the country, and for that purpose have determined to sell their wagons at aston- 
ishingly low prices. ^ . , i 4.1 ». - 

These Wagons are manufactured out of the very best material, and the work is 
executed hy first-clnss workmen. Send and getpricelist and circulars givmgfull 




For good Boots ant; KV.g',-, (.r Trunks, at low prices, call or sei.d to Heller Bros., 
Raleigh, N. C. Orders Py mail promptly filled.. 

NissenWagon Manufacturing Co. 

S^LEISI. 3sr. o. 

Established by J. P. Kisseii, 1834. 


The oldest, largest and has the best reputation of any Shop in the State. Best 
work at low prices, and everything warranted to give satisfaction. 


And Blank Book Manufacturer, 

Bagley Building-, Fayetteville Street, 



A live and wide-awake Democratic newsiiaper. Published every Saturday. 
Subscription, only 81.00 per annum. Address, 

J. S. TOMLINSON, Editor and Proprietor, 
Hickory, N. C. 


If you -wish a good farm, or a House and Lot, in Western Carolina, for full par- 
ticulars, address J. S. TOMLINSON, 

Hickory, N. C. 




pnished, and is 1 

FIELD BROS., Proprietors. 

This House has been refitted and refurnished, and is kept in first-class style. 

For good Boots and Shoes, or Trunks, at low prices, call or send to Heller Bros., 
Raleigh, N. C. Orders by mail promptly filled. 

j^. "VST. ivi:a.:e^ss:jlxjXj 

Tobacco Manufacturer, 


RED JACKET 11 inch 5 s CABOTJNA 11 inch 5. 


MARSHALL'S BEST " 3 s CAPT. JACK 10 Inch 6 3 

ROYAL 10 inch b s OUR CHOICE " '• 

HONEY DEW " 4 s CENTEN'L TWIST 6 inch 16 s 



All orders filled iiromi)tly and satisfaction guaranted hoth in price and quality. 




Prices Reduced to Suit! 





Book and JoTd Printing Office. 



Neatly and cheaply executed. 


Send aU orders to JOHN 8. HAMPTON, 

Baleigb, N. C 





The memliers of the Legiglature and visitors to the Capitol at Raleigh, know 
l)er.soiially or by character Messrs. P. F. Pescud & Ron, 63 Fayetteville St., who 
rank, among the oldest, most reliable and promjit Insurance Agents in our State. 
And represent some of the oldest, lar : est and most economically managed In- 
surance Companies in Europe or America. 

As I..iJ'e and Fire BnsiiraiK'e has become almost an Indispensable necessity, 
anil Pescu«l A Son have superior facilities and offer g-reat induceuients, 
our readers would do well to give them a trial. They represent fifteen first-class 
Fire Insurance Companes, wliose combined assets exceed i}2'),flOO.O'X), and the 
Equitable Life Insurance Company of New York, which is one of tlie oldest 
cheapest and largest Companies in America. It has ij^35, 454,092. 30 asstts, safely 
and judiciously invested. " _ 




ENGINES, Portable and Stationar/, SAW MILLS, GRIST MILLS, 


&c., MACHINERY for Gold and Coal Mines, 

Blast Furnaces, &e. 

Y/e call special attention to our IMPROVED PORTABLE ENGINE, for agricul- 
t ural and otlier purpuses The Boilers of our Agricultural Engines are provided 
with our PATENT PREMIUM SPARK ARRESTERS, a device by which the 
Sparks are forced to pass dow :ward over a reservoir of water and effectually e.v- 
tinguished without the use of wire gause. Ours is the only arrangement of this 
kind which affords free access to the boiler tubes for cleaning from each end. 
Also to our new styles SMALL LOCOMOTIVES for hauling lumber, and otlier 
articles upon tramways and narrow gauge railways. 

The best Planters regai'd our GINNING ENGINES superior to any in use. Send 
for illustrated Catalogue, free. Other things being equal encoui-age Southern 

Repair work solicited and promptly done. 

Shafting, Pulleys, &c., for Gin Houses. * 

Manufacturers of Jones' patent Tobacco Lump Machines to work by hand or 
power. W. E. TANNER et CO. 

K. R. BAUGHAM, Rich Square, N. C, General Agent in Eastern North Carolina. 

Gen. J. J. \Vhitehe.4^p, Agent, 
Raleigh, N. C. 


The most reliable "and Popnlar Brand of Tohaeco on <he luarkot. Maiinfii< 
tured only by XY. T. III.At'I.WEI,I> A t«. '^ 

Full Weigrbt. Uniform in Quality. Always Reliable and ii ^